West Africa Travel Guide

West Africa Travel Guide

Togo

Togo

According to Countryaah, Togo is a country with a fascinating landscape and culture located on the west coast of Africa. It offers its visitors a multitude of sights and a great diversity of nature. The markets for traditional medicine and fetishes are well known. The country’s beaches invite you to relax, with a little luck you can watch Togo’s last wild animals in the national parks.

Climate:

Togo is characterized by a humid tropical climate. The average temperature in the north with less precipitation is 30 degrees Celsius, slightly higher than on the south coast to the Atlantic (27 degrees). The rainy and dry seasons are slightly offset in north and south Togo: the dry season in the north runs between November and April, the south is characterized by two rainy and two dry seasons, with the dry periods between mid-July and mid-September and between December and March pass.

Best travel time:

The north of the country offers bearable temperatures and falling humidity between November and mid-February after the rainy season. The south of Togo is recommended for tourists between December and March (long dry season) and between mid-July and mid-September (short dry season). The period from April to October is unfavorable when the rainy season causes humid heat and floods in the country.

Gambia

Gambia

The Gambia is a country with a fascinating landscape and culture. Located on the west coast of Africa, the approximately 740 km long border follows the course of the Gambia River over a length of 480 km and a width of 10 to 50 km. Apart from the coast, the Gambia is enclosed by Senegal, which is twenty times larger. The unusual borderline of the Gambia results from the fact that in colonial times this was the range of the cannons of British ships on the navigable part of the river.

Climate:

In Gambia, a dry and rainy season alternate under a warm tropical climate. While the temperatures on the coast are mostly bearable, in spring in the interior of the country they can reach 43 degrees Celsius per day. The rainy season prevails between June and November, in the dry months the Harmattan causes a little lower humidity.

Best travel time:

The dry period between November and May is perceived as particularly favorable when the thermometer no longer exceeds 30 degrees and the humidity drops. In the months between November and February migratory birds can be observed, which stay in Gambia over the winter. There are also many tourists in the country during the same period. October and November are recommended for a beach holiday on the Atlantic, the water is warm and the beaches are not overcrowded. Summer is not recommended due to the rainy season and its humid heat.

Cape Verde

Cape Verde

According to iTypeUSA, Cape Verde is a country located in West Africa. The archipelago of the Republic of Cape Verde consists of 15 islands and further small islets, nine of which are inhabited. Located in the central Atlantic off the west coast of Africa, a distinction is made between islands above the wind and islands below the wind. The latter include Maio, Santiago, Fogo and Brava as well as the uninhabited group of islands of the Ilheus do Rombo. The islands over the wind are Santo Antao, Sao Vicente, Sao Nicolau, Sal Boa Vista and the uninhabited islands of Santa Luzia, Branco and Raso.

Best travel time:

The islands can be visited all year round, but the months November to June are very pleasant as it is not so humid during this time. In the further hotter months, the sea breeze always provides a little cooling, so that this weather is also quite pleasant for a vacation.

Senegal

Senegal

The scenic and culturally fascinating Senegal is located on the west coast of Africa. The small state of Gambia is completely enclosed in the interior, while Senegal borders Mauritania in the north, Mali in the east and Guinea and Guinea-Bissau in the south. The landscape of Senegal is noticeably flat and most of the country is below 100 m above sea level. A depression that slopes gently towards the Atlantic coast covers around 80 percent of the country, the only exceptions are the Fouta-Djalon foothills in the southwest and the Bambouk mountains in the Falémé river basin on the Malian border. In the north, south of the Senegal basin, lies the dry Sahel plain Fouta Ferlo with rather sparse vegetation.

Climate:

The north of the country is subject to the dry and hot northeast trade wind, which causes the desert climate there. Maximum values ​​of over 30 degrees Celsius in summer are not uncommon, in winter the temperatures then drop to around 25 degrees. The rainy season runs in the north between July and October. The tropical south of the country is subject to the warm, humid monsoon winds during the rainy season between April and November, with temperatures of up to 40 degrees and a humidity of up to 95%. On the western Atlantic coast the temperatures are somewhat more moderate, while extreme values ​​of over 50 degrees can be reached on the eastern border with Mali.

Best travel time:

The optimal travel time for Senegal is the period between November and May. During the sunny dry season, divers have a clear view in the water, and migratory birds can also be observed. In the interior of Senegal, however, it will be too hot. Traveling to Senegal during the rainy season is not recommended due to the extreme humidity, especially in the south, and the abundant rainfall.

Ghana

Ghana

Ghana is a scenically and culturally fascinating country, located on the west coast of Africa. Since the publication of the new constitution in 1992 by the Rawlings government, the country has been on a growth path, characterized by political stability and democratic elections. In contrast to its two neighbors, Ivory Coast and Togo, the country and its structures have since become more stable and the World Bank and the IMF believe that the country can still achieve strong economic growth if raw material prices continue to rise. Political stability and the investments that go with it have created a tourist infrastructure in recent years that makes travel throughout the country possible. According to AllCityPopulation, the biggest city of Ghana is Accra with a population of 1.594 million.

Climate:

Compared to the north of the country, southern Ghana is a little more humid. The whole country is characterized by a tropical climate with dry and rainy seasons. On the coast, the average annual temperatures of around 27 degrees Celsius are somewhat lower than in northern Ghana. Two rainy seasons in the period from April to June and in the months of September and October characterize the south with high humidity of up to 90%. The north of the country only has one rainy season, which is between April and October. Then the thermometer rises up to 42 degrees. The dry season is caused by the dry, hot trade wind Harmattan from the Sahara.

Best travel time:

The dry season between November and March is recommended for a trip to Ghana. During this period, the water temperature in the Atlantic is ideal for swimming, and the humidity is slightly lower than in the other humid and rainy months. The temperatures in August, which lies between two rainy seasons, are also still bearable.

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