According to Countryaah, there are 7 countries in Northern Africa. Located in the north of Africa, Tunisia offers its visitors a multitude of sights and a great diversity of nature.
While the north of Tunisia is still clearly characterized by the Mediterranean Mediterranean climate, the south is determined by a continental climate, which can turn into a desert climate. Summer often gets very hot in the steppe. The Atlas Mountains are located on the western border, here it can snow in winter. In winter it rains from October to April, more often in the north than in southern Tunisia.
Best travel time:
With pleasant, average temperatures between 20 and 25 degrees, the transition months in spring and autumn are particularly suitable for trips to Tunisia. Beach holidays on the Mediterranean can be planned throughout the summer from May to October; tours into the interior of Tunisia are not recommended due to the sometimes extremely high temperatures. Those who want to explore the Tunisian desert on a camel will find good opportunities to do so, especially in March and April, when the temperature is pleasant.
Ethiopia impresses with its scenic and cultural diversity. Ethiopia borders Kenya, Eritrea, North and South Sudan, Somalia and Djibouti. The cultural heritage of this country is immense and far from fully explored. New discoveries are made year after year and there is always the possibility that history will have to be rewritten a bit afterwards.
Due to the altitude, the temperatures in tropical Ethiopia are comparatively moderately warm with an average annual temperature of 27 degrees Celsius in the north and east and 22 degrees in the interior. There are hardly any temperature changes over the course of the year, but the climate is defined by the alternation of rainy and dry seasons. The humid period between June and September brings rain with the southeast trade wind to the northern highlands of Ethiopia.
Best travel time:
October to May are considered to be the optimal travel months for Ethiopia, with November, December and January being the sunniest and continuously dry with pleasant temperatures.
Mauritania is a country with a particularly fascinating landscape that is almost three times the size of the Federal Republic. But it only has about 4 million inhabitants. Except for a narrow strip in the southeast, the country consists exclusively of deserts and desert-like landscapes. The sheer endless expanses of the Sahara are a must for every desert fan.
Mauritania has a predominantly desert climate. But without the strong temperature differences that are common in the Central Sahara. The dry climate makes the temperatures bearable. Although the rainy season is in summer, short showers in winter cannot be completely ruled out. Wind (from the Atlantic) must be expected all year round.
Best travel time
In the cooler months of October to March.
Algeria, with the capital Algiers, is located in the north of Africa and is 2.38 mil. Km² the second largest country on the continent. It is bordered by Mali to the southwest, Niger to the southeast, Libya and Tunisia to the east, the Mediterranean to the north, and Morocco and Mauritania to the west. Algiers was already an important port city in ancient times and thanks to the dry desert climate many impressive buildings have been preserved. As a former French colony, Algeria has been independent since 1962.
Algeria, as the middle of the Maghreb countries, lies in North Africa. The relatively large country can generally be divided into two climatic zones. There is a Mediterranean climate on the coastal areas on the Mediterranean Sea and in the mountains. The rest of the country is more or less dominated by the desert climate of the Sahara.
Best travel time:
The coastal area is suitable for traveling almost all year round due to the moderate Mediterranean climate. The temperatures here are ideal, especially from May to October. For the Sahara region, on the other hand, we recommend traveling between November and April. At night, however – as is typical for the desert climate – you have to reckon with sensitive temperature drops.
Located in Northeast Africa, Sudan is the third largest country in Africa and geographically belongs to North Africa as well as East and Central Africa. It is located on the Red Sea and borders Egypt, Libya, Chad, the Central African Republic, South Sudan, Ethiopia and Eritrea. Part of the state of Sudan is part of the “Greater Sudan Landscape”. This marks the transition between the dry zone and the savannah. The north equatorial threshold runs through Sudan. Sudan also has shares in the Nubian Desert, the Sahel zone and the Nile. This diversity paired with a fascinating culture makes Sudan an extremely attractive and interesting country. The capital of Sudan is Khartoum with a population of 5,274,321.
Sudan is divided into the drier, subtropical north and the humid, tropical south. Accordingly, there are extensive deserts in North Sudan, in which summer maximum temperatures of 50 ° C are reached and no precipitation has been recorded for many years in a row. The desert climate sometimes causes very strong temperature fluctuations between day and night. The temperature differences are smaller on the north-east coast to the Red Sea. Sandstorms occur during the transition months in spring and autumn.
Best travel time:
Different travel times can be recommended regionally in Sudan. For the north, the months between September and April are considered optimal, as the local temperatures are then bearable. On the other hand, it is warm all year round on the coast of the Red Sea, the water temperature is always above 25 ° C.
Morocco is a country with a fascinating landscape and culture. Located in north-west Africa, it offers its visitors a multitude of sights and a great variety of nature. The cultural heritage of this country is immense and far from being fully explored. You can find more information on the portal www.Marokko.de.
The Moroccan northwest coast is determined by the Mediterranean climate. A hot, dry summer with an average of 27 ° C and a rainy winter alternate here. In the interior of Morocco, the Atlas Mountains adjoin, whose continental climate leads to summer temperatures of up to 45 ° C. In winter, however, the values drop below zero at high altitudes, so that snow falls. The south of Morocco is characterized by a desert climate, here it is very dry all year round.
Best travel time:
For trips to the western and northern coastal regions, the period from May to October is recommended. The air temperatures on the Atlantic coast are pleasant, but in southern and eastern Morocco it is then too hot. Accordingly, tours inland are recommended during the months of March, April, May and October and November. Round trips through the country should be planned for the transition months of April and May or October and November.