Mountains, sea and rainforest, beautiful landscapes and well-preserved colonial cities – that and much more is Colombia. The country spreads between the Pacific coast, the Andes cordillera, the Caribbean coast and the rainforest and invites you to nature and history encounters.
In Colombia, the altitude affects the temperatures of the tropical climate. The lowland is in the temperate zone, at an altitude of over 3000 meters, the high alpine glacial climate predominates. There are two rainy seasons between April and June and the months of October and November. In between are the two dry periods.
Best travel time:
Both the capital Bogota and the Caribbean coast can be visited all year round. The drier months between December and March and July and August are recommended for trips to Colombia. Due to the Colombian holidays, however, it can get crowded from mid-December to mid-January and around Easter.
According to Countryaah, Brazil is the largest country on the Latin America. It occupies 47% of the entire continent and borders on every South American country except for Chile and Ecuador. Roughly the size of Europe and with a north-south extension of around 4,300 km, it is home to over 200 million inhabitants. The majority of the population lives in the metropolises on the Atlantic coast. Thanks to its enormous size, Brazil has an incredible diversity of culture and nature. Whether dream beaches that invite you to linger, historic cities with enchanting alleys or animal experiences in the Pantanal or the Amazon – for every globetrotter there is the right piece of earth to make their Brazil trip perfect.
Brazil can be divided into four climatic regions, in which mostly tropical to subtropical climates prevail with an average temperature of 25 degrees Celsius all year round. In the north of the country is the Amazon basin, where an equatorial climate and high humidity are typical. The Brazilian plateau extends south and east of the Amazon basin with stable average temperatures and clearly noticeable rainy and dry seasons. The coastal areas are characterized by a hot, tropical climate with pleasant temperatures due to the sea air and a pronounced rainy season.
Best travel time:
Depending on the region, Brazil can be visited all year round. The northern coastal areas are recommended to be visited between July and December. Rio de Janeiro and the south coast, on the other hand, are particularly attractive between November and April. There is less tourist traffic in southern Brazil during the winter there from May to September, the temperatures are rather cool and there are fewer hours of sunshine. For the Amazon rainforest region, the period from May / June to October is recommended, but the rainy season from December to May does not allow hiking in many places due to the enormous rainfall. During this period the excursions are almost exclusively carried out by canoe. Bathing in the Atlantic is possible all year round thanks to the pleasant water temperatures.
Argentina is the eighth largest country in the world. Located in the south of South America, it is the second largest state on the continent. Because of its great north-south extension, the country has a number of climate and vegetation zones. The name comes from the Latin word for silver – argentum – and provides an indication of the treasures that the conquerors believed to be found on its territory. Until its independence in 1816, it was part of the Spanish colonial empire.
Due to the enormous north-south expansion, Argentina has a very diverse climate. The country is often divided into four climatic regions. The pampas in east central Argentina tend to be tropical with mild winters and warm summers. The northeast inland is almost tropical and even warmer than in the pampas. The west, on the other hand, is a rather dry region with little rainfall even in the higher elevations of the Andes. The south with Patagonia is rather cool all year round, but can be classified as very dry.
Best travel time:
The months May to September are particularly suitable for a trip to the subtropical north, as it does not get quite as hot at this time. The temperatures in Patagonia are most comfortable and not too cold from November to March. The central parts of Argentina can be traveled all year round without any problems, with December to February being quite warm and with more frequent rainfall.
Peru couldn’t be more fascinating: Due to its moving history and geographical conditions, it is a country with an extremely varied landscape and culture. A multitude of sights and a great diversity of nature draw thousands of visitors under its spell every year. Peru is strongly influenced by the ancient Inca culture and the colonial rule of the Spaniards, which mainly affected the religion and way of life of the population. For bird lovers, the country with the world’s greatest diversity of birds offers over 1800 species. Hikers and nature lovers get their money’s worth on one of the numerous trekking routes around Cusco, in the Cordillera Blanca or the Cordillera Huayhuash!
The climate in Peru is quite different due to the large extent of the country between north and south. The Peruvian Pacific coast is very dry, especially in the south, and rainfall increases in the north. On the north coast, average temperatures range between 20 degrees Celsius at night and around 30 degrees during the day, and more moderate in the south. The Andes have significantly cooler temperatures in the higher altitudes, from an altitude of 5000 meters they are always below zero. East of the Andes there is an average of stable 25 degrees in the local rainforest.
Best travel time:
Between December and April is the optimal travel period for the southern Peruvian coast, when it is less cloudy or foggy. From May to September, however, mountain and trekking trips into the Andes and tours through the lowlands of Peru are very possible. The rainforest can be visited all year round, but the name says it all, it can always rain once.