According to Countryaah, Mongolia is a huge landlocked country in Eastern Asia. It is more or less between Russia and China with an average altitude of 1500 m. From the taiga in the north to extensive steppes in the central part to deserts in the south (Gobi) there are different types of landscape. Nowhere in the world is more image material taken than here – in a country with over 300 days of sunshine per year and a color spectrum that is second to none. The high mountains are in the western part of the country – in the Altai, where the Kazakhs (mostly Muslims) are at home. Most of the rest of the country’s population follows the Tibetan Buddhist faith. Wide and deserted areas in the west enable the snow leopard, for example, to regain population.
Mongolia is a country of extremes. There is a strongly continental climate. The humidity is very low, 80-90% of the precipitation falls from May to September. With over 260 sunny days a year, Mongolia is one of the sunniest countries in the northern hemisphere. Long arctic winters are normal, even in the Gobi desert the snow remains until April. Elsewhere, lakes are frozen until June. Summers are generally warm with an average of + 20 ° C. In the Gobi, however, you have to expect extreme temperatures of over + 40 ° C. As soon as the sun has set, the thermometer shows quite cool and fresh conditions.
Best travel time:
In the months of June to September the wide steppe is wrapped in a lush green. This is the time for round trips and trekking trips. Winter starts in October and lasts until mid-May. From October to April temperatures drop to extremely cold levels and snowstorms sweep across the country. Desert tours through the Gobi Desert should be scheduled in September, before it is too hot. Animal observations (takhis or snow leopards) can best be carried out in March.
This is what the Tibetans wish for and greet each other and also the foreign travelers. Due to the geographical conditions, in almost complete isolation from the rest of world events, a completely independent Buddhist-Lamaist high culture developed on the Tibetan plateau over thousands of years. At its head was and is the Dalai Lama, who is revered as God-King. The first European adventurers who managed to penetrate this legendary country reported of deeply religious people, wild nomadic tribes, people whose culture looked like they came from a distant past, of a peaceful but also feudal social structure. That was at the beginning of the 20th century! However, even then the country became the plaything of one of the greatest powers on earth. With the invasion of the People’s Liberation Army in 1951, the tide turned for freedom-loving Tibetans and their country.
The highland climate is typical for Tibet, there are very sunny days and the temperatures differ extremely between the north of the country (Tibetan plateau) and the deeper south. The average temperature in Lhasa (southeastern Tibet) is 8 degrees Celsius.
Best travel time:
With the exception of winter, there are opportunities to travel to Tibet all year round. The drier, mild months of September and October are considered to be very cheap for trips to Tibet. For those who have no problem with the high temperatures, May and June are also well suited, as the following months of July and August are very rainy. In November the temperatures drop again before the very cold winter between December and February sets in.
China is a country located in East Asia. China, the land of the rising sun, impresses with gigantic dimensions and enormous diversity. With a history of over 5000 years, the Middle Kingdom is one of the oldest civilizations in the world. While modernity has long since found its way into the pulsating cities, the traditional way of life can still be found in the villages and small towns. Highlights such as the Great Wall of China, the Imperial Palace as a forbidden city, the Terracotta Army, the Silk Road, the Yangtze cruise or a journey on the sky train from Beijing to Lhasa are famous all over the world. But China has a lot more to offer. Nature lovers can experience the Huangshan Mountains and its bizarre rocky worlds, the Tiger Leaping Gorge in Yunnan, the picturesque karst hill landscape near Guilin, the rice terraces of Longsheng and of course the impressive mountains of the Himalayas on the border with Tibet, impressive landscapes. Let yourself be inspired by the rich historical heritage and discover the different facets in the land of smiles.
Due to its expansion, China combines numerous climatic zones. While the summer in most regions of the country is warm to sometimes hot, the winter expresses itself regionally differently: extremely cold in the north and Inner Mongolia as well as in Tibet, much milder in the south and southwest of China. The north-east of the country has a continental climate, dry desert climate determines the west. In Tibet there is a cool mountain climate with temperature extremes, in the east up to the Yangtze a moderate monsoon climate, while the southeast is characterized by subtropical and tropical zones with heavy summer rainfall.
Best travel time:
The optimal travel time for China depends heavily on the respective region and the associated climate zone. Tourists should consider the periods May to June and September / October, as the temperatures are still pleasant at this time and there is hardly any precipitation. In autumn you also bypass the tourist high season. Summer and winter are rather unsuitable for a trip to the north or central China, as extreme temperatures and humid conditions are to be expected. Monsoon rains make the south unattractive between May and September.