Category: Geography

Cornville, Arizona Weather by Month

Cornville, Arizona Weather by Month

Cornville is a quaint community located in Yavapai County, Arizona, United States. Nestled in the Verde Valley region, it is approximately 10 miles southeast of the city of Cottonwood and about 90 miles north of Phoenix. This scenic area is characterized by its beautiful landscapes, including the Verde River, lush riparian areas, and surrounding high desert terrain.

Geographically, Cornville sits at an elevation of about 3,300 feet, offering a moderate climate compared to the hotter lowland areas of Arizona. The community covers an area of approximately 13.2 square miles and has a population of around 3,200 residents. The town is known for its rural charm, artistic community, and agricultural heritage.

Cornville does not host any major universities or globally renowned companies, but it is home to several notable landmarks and attractions. The Page Springs Fish Hatchery, operated by the Arizona Game and Fish Department, is a popular destination for visitors interested in learning about fish breeding and conservation. Another significant site is the Windmill Park, which serves as a central gathering place for community events and outdoor activities. Additionally, Cornville is known for its vibrant wine country, with several wineries and vineyards offering tours and tastings.

Climate and Weather Overview

Cornville, Arizona, experiences a semi-arid climate characterized by hot summers and mild winters. This climate type leads to significant temperature variations between seasons, with relatively low humidity and moderate annual precipitation. The area enjoys ample sunshine throughout the year, making it an attractive destination for outdoor enthusiasts.

Average Monthly Temperature, Precipitation, and Sunny Days

Month Average Temperature (°F) Average Precipitation (in) Average Sunny Days
January 45.6 1.5 25
February 49.1 1.4 24
March 54.7 1.6 27
April 61.6 0.8 28
May 70.6 0.6 30
June 79.5 0.3 30
July 83.7 1.6 28
August 81.7 2.1 27
September 75.8 1.6 27
October 64.9 1.3 28
November 53.1 1.2 26
December 45.2 1.6 24

Weather by Month

January

January in Cornville is mild with average temperatures around 45.6°F. Precipitation averages 1.5 inches, typically as rain, although occasional snow flurries can occur at higher elevations.

Natural disasters are rare, but the area can experience cold snaps. Popular activities include hiking and visiting local wineries. Indoor options such as attending community events and exploring local art galleries are also recommended.

February

February sees slightly warmer temperatures, with averages around 49.1°F. Precipitation remains similar to January at 1.4 inches, mainly as rain.

Cold weather can still be a factor, so outdoor activities like hiking and bird watching are popular during warmer days. Visiting the Page Springs Fish Hatchery and local shops are great indoor options.

March

March brings the onset of spring, with average temperatures rising to 54.7°F. Precipitation increases to 1.6 inches, often in the form of rain showers.

Flooding is rare but possible during heavy rains. Outdoor enthusiasts can enjoy the blossoming flora and fauna by hiking, biking, and exploring the Verde River. Spring festivals and local markets offer indoor activities.

April

April is characterized by warmer weather, with average temperatures around 61.6°F. Precipitation decreases to 0.8 inches, making it a pleasant month for outdoor activities.

The risk of natural disasters is minimal. Popular activities include hiking, fishing, and attending local events. The blooming desert landscape is perfect for photography and nature walks.

May

May sees further warming with average temperatures reaching 70.6°F. Precipitation is minimal at 0.6 inches, and the days are predominantly sunny.

Outdoor activities such as hiking, biking, and visiting vineyards are highly recommended. May is also a great time for outdoor dining and exploring the scenic beauty of Cornville.

June

June marks the beginning of summer with average temperatures around 79.5°F. Precipitation is rare, averaging only 0.3 inches.

The hot weather makes water activities like kayaking and swimming popular. Hiking is still enjoyable in the early mornings or late afternoons. Indoor activities such as visiting art galleries provide a cool respite from the heat.

July

July is the hottest month, with average temperatures reaching 83.7°F. Precipitation averages 1.6 inches, often in the form of afternoon thunderstorms.

The risk of flash flooding increases during thunderstorms. Outdoor activities include visiting the Verde River and enjoying water sports. Attending local festivals and farmers’ markets are also popular.

August

August continues the summer heat, with average temperatures around 81.7°F. Precipitation increases to 2.1 inches, with frequent thunderstorms.

Flooding risks remain due to heavy rains. Outdoor activities such as hiking and exploring local parks are best done early or late in the day. Visiting indoor attractions like wineries and art studios is also enjoyable.

September

September brings slightly cooler temperatures, averaging 75.8°F. Precipitation decreases to 1.6 inches, and the weather remains warm and pleasant.

The risk of severe weather diminishes. Outdoor activities include hiking, biking, and exploring local vineyards. September is also a great month for bird watching and attending community events.

October

October sees cooler temperatures, averaging 64.9°F. Precipitation averages 1.3 inches, and the fall colors begin to appear.

The mild weather is perfect for outdoor activities such as hiking, fishing, and attending fall festivals. Exploring the local art scene and visiting wineries are popular indoor activities.

November

November has average temperatures around 53.1°F. Precipitation averages 1.2 inches, and the weather starts to turn cooler.

Outdoor activities include hiking, exploring local parks, and attending Thanksgiving events. The cooler weather is ideal for nature walks and photography. Indoor activities like visiting local markets and museums are also popular.

December

December marks the beginning of winter with average temperatures around 45.2°F. Precipitation averages 1.6 inches, mainly as rain.

Severe weather is uncommon, but colder temperatures can be expected. Popular activities include holiday events, visiting local shops, and enjoying festive markets. Indoor activities like attending community gatherings and exploring local art galleries are also recommended.

Augusta, Michigan Weather by Month

Augusta, Michigan Weather by Month

Augusta is a small village located in Kalamazoo County, Michigan, United States. Nestled in the southwestern part of the state, Augusta is approximately 15 miles northeast of Kalamazoo and 20 miles west of Battle Creek. The village covers an area of about 1.43 square miles and has a population of around 900 residents, according to the latest census data. Known for its quaint, rural charm and friendly community, Augusta offers a peaceful environment while still being accessible to the amenities of larger nearby cities.

Geographically, Augusta is situated along the banks of the Kalamazoo River, providing scenic views and opportunities for various outdoor activities. The village is surrounded by lush forests, rolling hills, and fertile farmland, contributing to its picturesque landscape. Augusta is also close to several natural attractions, including the Fort Custer State Recreation Area, which offers hiking, fishing, and camping opportunities.

While Augusta does not host major corporations or universities within its limits, it is near several prominent institutions in Kalamazoo and Battle Creek. Western Michigan University and Kalamazoo College, both located in Kalamazoo, provide higher education opportunities and cultural activities for Augusta residents. Notable landmarks in Augusta include the Barn Theatre, one of Michigan’s oldest professional summer stock theaters, and the W.K. Kellogg Biological Station, a renowned research facility affiliated with Michigan State University.

Climate and Weather Overview

Augusta experiences a humid continental climate, characterized by cold, snowy winters and warm, humid summers. This type of climate is typical for the Great Lakes region, with significant seasonal variations in temperature and weather patterns. The village receives a moderate amount of precipitation throughout the year, with peak rainfall occurring during the late spring and summer months.

Average Monthly Climate Data

Month Average Temperature (°F) Average Precipitation (in) Average Sunny Days
January 25.0 2.2 15
February 27.0 2.0 15
March 36.0 2.5 17
April 48.0 3.0 19
May 59.0 3.6 21
June 69.0 3.8 22
July 74.0 3.7 24
August 72.0 3.5 23
September 64.0 3.3 20
October 52.0 2.9 18
November 41.0 3.1 15
December 29.0 2.5 14

Weather by Month

January

January in Augusta is characterized by cold temperatures, with average lows around 16°F and highs reaching about 32°F. The month sees moderate precipitation, averaging around 2.2 inches, mostly in the form of snow.

Natural Disasters

Augusta occasionally experiences winter storms in January, which can lead to heavy snowfall and icy conditions, causing travel disruptions and power outages.

Activities

Inside Activities: Indoor activities such as visiting local libraries, enjoying performances at community theaters, and participating in indoor sports at local gyms are popular.

Outside Activities: Outdoor enthusiasts often engage in activities like ice fishing, snowshoeing, and snowmobiling in nearby trails and parks.

February

February remains very cold with similar temperature patterns to January. Average lows are around 18°F, and highs reach about 34°F. Precipitation averages 2.0 inches.

Natural Disasters

Winter storms continue to pose a threat, although they are less frequent than in January.

Activities

Inside Activities: Cultural events and workshops at local community centers, as well as library programs, offer indoor entertainment.

Outside Activities: Outdoor activities include cross-country skiing and ice skating at community rinks.

March

March marks the beginning of spring with temperatures starting to warm up. Average lows are around 24°F, and highs reach about 45°F. Precipitation increases to about 2.5 inches, primarily as rain and snow.

Natural Disasters

Flooding can occur due to melting snow and spring rains, although it is not a common occurrence.

Activities

Inside Activities: Spring crafts and indoor markets become popular as residents anticipate the warmer weather.

Outside Activities: Early spring hiking and bird watching at local parks are enjoyable as the flora begins to bloom.

April

April sees a more noticeable increase in temperatures, with lows around 35°F and highs averaging 58°F. Rainfall remains significant, with an average precipitation of 3.0 inches.

Natural Disasters

The risk of natural disasters decreases, but heavy rains can still cause localized flooding.

Activities

Inside Activities: Art exhibits, cultural presentations, and indoor sports continue to draw crowds.

Outside Activities: Gardening, fishing, and visiting local parks are popular as the weather becomes more favorable.

May

May brings significantly warmer temperatures with lows around 46°F and highs reaching 70°F. Precipitation averages 3.6 inches, often in the form of showers and thunderstorms.

Natural Disasters

Thunderstorms are more frequent, sometimes accompanied by hail or strong winds.

Activities

Inside Activities: Indoor concerts, theater performances, and community events provide cultural experiences.

Outside Activities: Farmers’ markets, outdoor festivals, and picnics become common as the weather improves.

June

June is the start of summer with temperatures ranging from lows of 56°F to highs of 79°F. It is one of the wetter months, with an average precipitation of 3.8 inches.

Natural Disasters

Severe thunderstorms are possible, particularly in the first half of the month.

Activities

Inside Activities: Educational programs and community events continue to attract locals and visitors.

Outside Activities: Hiking, biking, and fishing are popular as residents take advantage of the warm weather.

July

July is the warmest month with average lows around 61°F and highs reaching 84°F. Precipitation is slightly lower at 3.7 inches, with frequent sunny days.

Natural Disasters

Heatwaves can occur, but severe weather such as thunderstorms is also possible.

Activities

Inside Activities: Visiting air-conditioned museums and attending indoor events are favored during hot spells.

Outside Activities: Swimming, boating, and attending outdoor concerts are popular summertime activities.

August

August remains warm with temperatures ranging from lows of 60°F to highs of 82°F. Precipitation averages 3.5 inches, mostly from thunderstorms.

Natural Disasters

Similar to July, thunderstorms and heatwaves are the primary weather concerns.

Activities

Inside Activities: Indoor sports and community center events provide relief from the summer heat.

Outside Activities: Hiking, camping, and participating in local fairs and festivals are common.

September

September sees a gradual cooling with lows around 52°F and highs of 76°F. Precipitation averages 3.3 inches.

Natural Disasters

The risk of severe weather decreases, but occasional thunderstorms can still occur.

Activities

Inside Activities: Fall arts and crafts fairs, along with cultural events, are popular.

Outside Activities: Apple picking, hiking, and enjoying the fall foliage at local parks and preserves are favored activities.

October

October brings cooler temperatures with lows around 42°F and highs reaching 64°F. Precipitation averages 2.9 inches.

Natural Disasters

The likelihood of natural disasters is low, although early frost can impact agriculture.

Activities

Inside Activities: Halloween events and indoor fall festivals attract families.

Outside Activities: Leaf peeping, hayrides, and visiting pumpkin patches are popular outdoor activities.

November

November sees further cooling with lows around 33°F and highs averaging 51°F. Precipitation averages 3.1 inches, transitioning from rain to occasional snow by the end of the month.

Natural Disasters

Early winter storms can occur, but they are generally mild.

Activities

Inside Activities: Holiday craft fairs and indoor community gatherings begin to take place.

Outside Activities: Hiking and preparing for winter sports are common as residents enjoy the last of the fall weather.

December

December is characterized by cold temperatures with lows around 22°F and highs of 38°F. Precipitation averages 2.5 inches, mostly as snow.

Natural Disasters

Winter storms and heavy snowfall can disrupt travel and daily activities.

Activities

Inside Activities: Holiday events, indoor markets, and family gatherings are prevalent during the festive season.

Outside Activities: Ice skating, snowmobiling, and winter hiking in nearby parks provide outdoor entertainment.

Butte Falls, Oregon Weather by Month

Butte Falls, Oregon Weather by Month

Butte Falls is a small town located in Jackson County, Oregon, United States. Nestled in the foothills of the Cascade Range, Butte Falls is surrounded by lush forests, pristine streams, and majestic mountains. Geographically, it lies in the southwestern part of Oregon, approximately 40 miles northeast of Medford. The town covers an area of about 0.38 square miles and has a population of around 450 residents, offering a quaint, rural atmosphere with a strong sense of community.

Butte Falls is known for its rich history and natural beauty. The town was established in the early 20th century, primarily as a logging community. Today, it still retains its historical charm while providing a gateway to numerous outdoor recreational activities. Butte Falls Charter School serves as a central educational institution for the community. Although the town does not host any major companies or universities, it benefits from its proximity to Medford, where higher education and employment opportunities are more abundant.

Prominent landmarks in Butte Falls include the Butte Falls, a scenic waterfall after which the town is named, and the Butte Falls Historical Society Museum, which offers insights into the town’s logging past. The surrounding forests and parks provide ample opportunities for hiking, fishing, and camping, making Butte Falls a haven for nature enthusiasts.

Climate and Weather Overview

Butte Falls, Oregon, experiences a Mediterranean climate, characterized by warm, dry summers and cool, wet winters. The climate is influenced by its elevation and location within the Cascade Range, leading to distinct seasonal variations and substantial precipitation during the winter months.

Average Temperature, Precipitation, and Sunny Days

Month Average High (°F) Average Low (°F) Average Precipitation (inches) Average Sunny Days
January 46 32 7.3 10
February 51 33 6.1 11
March 55 35 5.8 13
April 61 38 3.7 15
May 70 43 2.7 17
June 78 48 1.5 19
July 87 53 0.5 23
August 87 52 0.6 22
September 80 47 1.3 20
October 67 40 3.3 15
November 52 35 6.7 10
December 45 32 8.2 9

Weather by Month

January

Weather Overview:
January in Butte Falls is cool and wet, with average high temperatures around 46°F and lows dropping to 32°F. The town receives about 7.3 inches of precipitation, primarily in the form of rain and occasional snow.

Natural Disasters:
Winter storms and heavy rainfall can lead to localized flooding and power outages.

Activities:

  • Indoor: Visiting the Butte Falls Historical Society Museum.
  • Outdoor: Enjoying winter hikes and birdwatching in nearby parks.

February

Weather Overview:
February remains cool, with temperatures ranging from 51°F during the day to 33°F at night. Precipitation decreases slightly to 6.1 inches.

Natural Disasters:
Heavy rainfall and occasional snow can cause disruptions.

Activities:

  • Indoor: Participating in community events and local workshops.
  • Outdoor: Winter fishing and exploring forest trails.

March

Weather Overview:
March brings a slight warming trend, with average highs of 55°F and lows around 35°F. The town experiences about 5.8 inches of precipitation.

Natural Disasters:
Early spring storms and melting snow can cause localized flooding.

Activities:

  • Indoor: Attending cultural events and educational programs at Butte Falls Charter School.
  • Outdoor: Early spring gardening and walking along scenic trails.

April

Weather Overview:
April sees further warming, with temperatures ranging from 61°F to 38°F. Rainfall decreases to 3.7 inches.

Natural Disasters:
Spring storms and potential flooding remain a concern.

Activities:

  • Indoor: Attending local arts and crafts fairs.
  • Outdoor: Biking, hiking, and enjoying the blossoming scenery in nearby parks.

May

Weather Overview:
May is significantly warmer, with average highs of 70°F and lows around 43°F. The town receives about 2.7 inches of rain.

Natural Disasters:
Thunderstorms are possible, but severe weather is generally rare.

Activities:

  • Indoor: Exploring historical exhibits at local museums.
  • Outdoor: Participating in outdoor sports, gardening, and community events.

June

Weather Overview:
June ushers in the summer season, with temperatures ranging from 78°F to 48°F. Precipitation is around 1.5 inches.

Natural Disasters:
The risk of severe weather is low, making it a pleasant time for outdoor activities.

Activities:

  • Indoor: Attending concerts and theater performances in nearby towns.
  • Outdoor: Swimming, picnicking, and enjoying summer festivals.

July

Weather Overview:
July is the hottest month, with average high temperatures reaching 87°F and lows around 53°F. Rainfall is minimal at 0.5 inches.

Natural Disasters:
Heatwaves are possible, though they are generally mild.

Activities:

  • Indoor: Enjoying air-conditioned facilities and community centers.
  • Outdoor: Celebrating Independence Day with fireworks, barbecues, and outdoor games.

August

Weather Overview:
August remains warm, with temperatures averaging between 87°F and 52°F. Precipitation is around 0.6 inches.

Natural Disasters:
The risk of wildfires increases during the dry summer months.

Activities:

  • Indoor: Visiting local art galleries and cultural exhibitions in nearby cities.
  • Outdoor: Hiking, camping, and participating in summer sports and outdoor concerts.

September

Weather Overview:
September sees a gradual cooling, with temperatures ranging from 80°F to 47°F. Rainfall increases slightly to 1.3 inches.

Natural Disasters:
The risk of wildfires remains, but decreases as temperatures cool.

Activities:

  • Indoor: Attending fall fairs and harvest festivals.
  • Outdoor: Enjoying autumn activities such as apple picking, hiking, and leaf-peeping.

October

Weather Overview:
October brings cooler weather, with average highs of 67°F and lows around 40°F. Precipitation is about 3.3 inches.

Natural Disasters:
Autumn storms can occur, but severe weather is rare.

Activities:

  • Indoor: Participating in Halloween events and indoor markets.
  • Outdoor: Visiting pumpkin patches, corn mazes, and hiking in the crisp fall air.

November

Weather Overview:
November temperatures range from 52°F during the day to 35°F at night. The town receives about 6.7 inches of rain.

Natural Disasters:
The likelihood of severe weather is minimal, making it a calm month weather-wise.

Activities:

  • Indoor: Celebrating Thanksgiving with community gatherings and events.
  • Outdoor: Autumn walks and preparations for winter festivities.

December

Weather Overview:
December in Butte Falls is cool and wet, with average highs of 45°F and lows of 32°F. Rainfall is around 8.2 inches, with occasional snowfall.

Natural Disasters:
Snowstorms and icy conditions can pose challenges for travel and outdoor activities.

Activities:

  • Indoor: Enjoying holiday markets, community events, and festive decorations.
  • Outdoor: Decorating homes for the holidays and participating in winter sports such as ice skating and sledding.

Butte Falls, Oregon, offers a rich variety of activities and experiences throughout the year, making it a charming place to visit or reside. The town’s climate provides distinct seasons, each with its unique set of outdoor and indoor activities, allowing residents and visitors to enjoy the natural beauty and community spirit of the area.

Bloomfield, Kentucky Weather by Month

Bloomfield, Kentucky Weather by Month

Bloomfield is a charming small town located in Nelson County, Kentucky, United States. Nestled in the heart of the Bluegrass region, Bloomfield is approximately 45 miles southeast of Louisville and about 65 miles west of Lexington. The town covers an area of around 1.2 square miles and has a population of approximately 1,000 residents. Bloomfield is known for its rich history, picturesque landscapes, and a strong sense of community.

Geographically, Bloomfield is part of the rolling hills and fertile valleys that characterize the Bluegrass region, known for its lush pastures and thoroughbred horse farms. The town is surrounded by farmland, providing a serene and bucolic setting. The Chaplin River flows near the town, adding to its natural beauty and offering opportunities for fishing and other water-related activities.

Bloomfield is home to several notable landmarks and institutions. While it does not host large corporations or major universities, the town boasts a number of historic buildings, including the Bloomfield Historic District, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The district features well-preserved 19th-century architecture and reflects the town’s rich heritage. Additionally, Bloomfield is close to Bardstown, known for its bourbon distilleries and historic sites, adding to the region’s appeal.

Climate and Weather Overview

Bloomfield experiences a humid subtropical climate, characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. This type of climate is typical for the southeastern United States, with significant seasonal variations in temperature and weather patterns. The town receives a moderate amount of rainfall throughout the year, with precipitation distributed fairly evenly.

Average Monthly Climate Data

Month Average Temperature (°F) Average Precipitation (in) Average Sunny Days
January 36.0 3.4 10
February 39.0 3.2 9
March 48.0 4.1 12
April 58.0 3.9 13
May 66.0 4.6 14
June 75.0 4.1 15
July 78.0 4.5 16
August 77.0 4.1 15
September 70.0 3.7 13
October 59.0 3.3 12
November 48.0 4.1 10
December 38.0 3.8 9

Weather by Month

January

January in Bloomfield is characterized by cold temperatures, with average lows around 24°F and highs reaching about 47°F. Snowfall is common, contributing to a winter landscape. Precipitation averages around 3.4 inches, mostly in the form of rain and snow.

Natural Disasters

Bloomfield occasionally experiences winter storms in January, which can lead to heavy snowfall and icy conditions, causing travel disruptions and power outages.

Activities

Inside Activities: Indoor activities such as visiting local community centers, enjoying community events, and indoor sports at the recreation center are popular.

Outside Activities: Outdoor enthusiasts often engage in activities like snowshoeing, ice fishing, and sledding in nearby parks.

February

February remains cold with similar temperature patterns to January. Average lows are around 27°F, and highs reach about 50°F. Precipitation is slightly lower, averaging 3.2 inches.

Natural Disasters

Winter storms continue to pose a threat, although they are less frequent than in January.

Activities

Inside Activities: Cultural events and workshops at local community centers, as well as library programs, offer indoor entertainment.

Outside Activities: Outdoor activities include cross-country skiing and ice skating at community rinks.

March

March marks the beginning of spring with temperatures starting to warm up. Average lows are around 35°F, and highs reach about 58°F. Precipitation increases to about 4.1 inches, primarily as rain.

Natural Disasters

Flooding can occur due to melting snow and spring rains, although it is not a common occurrence.

Activities

Inside Activities: Spring crafts and indoor markets become popular as residents anticipate the warmer weather.

Outside Activities: Early spring hiking and bird watching at local parks are enjoyable as the flora begins to bloom.

April

April sees a more noticeable increase in temperatures, with lows around 43°F and highs averaging 68°F. Rainfall is common, with an average precipitation of 3.9 inches.

Natural Disasters

Severe weather, including thunderstorms and tornadoes, can occur during this month.

Activities

Inside Activities: Art exhibits, cultural presentations, and indoor sports continue to draw crowds.

Outside Activities: Gardening, fishing, and visiting local parks are popular as the weather becomes more favorable.

May

May brings significantly warmer temperatures with lows around 52°F and highs reaching 77°F. Precipitation averages 4.6 inches, often in the form of showers and thunderstorms.

Natural Disasters

Thunderstorms are more frequent, sometimes accompanied by hail or strong winds.

Activities

Inside Activities: Indoor concerts, theater performances, and community events provide cultural experiences.

Outside Activities: Farmers’ markets, outdoor festivals, and picnics become common as the weather improves.

June

June is the start of summer with temperatures ranging from lows of 61°F to highs of 86°F. It is one of the wetter months, with an average precipitation of 4.1 inches.

Natural Disasters

Severe thunderstorms and occasional tornadoes are possible, particularly in the first half of the month.

Activities

Inside Activities: Educational programs and community events continue to attract locals and visitors.

Outside Activities: Hiking, biking, and fishing are popular as residents take advantage of the warm weather.

July

July is the warmest month with average lows around 66°F and highs reaching 89°F. Precipitation is higher at 4.5 inches, with frequent thunderstorms.

Natural Disasters

Heatwaves can occur, but severe weather such as thunderstorms and occasional tornadoes are more common.

Activities

Inside Activities: Visiting air-conditioned museums and attending indoor events are favored during hot spells.

Outside Activities: Swimming, boating, and attending outdoor concerts are popular summertime activities.

August

August remains warm with temperatures ranging from lows of 65°F to highs of 88°F. Precipitation averages 4.1 inches, mostly from thunderstorms.

Natural Disasters

Similar to July, thunderstorms and heatwaves are the primary weather concerns.

Activities

Inside Activities: Indoor sports and community center events provide relief from the summer heat.

Outside Activities: Hiking, camping, and participating in local fairs and festivals are common.

September

September sees a gradual cooling with lows around 57°F and highs of 81°F. Precipitation averages 3.7 inches, mostly from fall showers.

Natural Disasters

The risk of severe weather decreases, but occasional thunderstorms can still occur.

Activities

Inside Activities: Fall arts and crafts fairs, along with cultural events, are popular.

Outside Activities: Apple picking, hiking, and enjoying the fall foliage at local parks and preserves are favored activities.

October

October brings cooler temperatures with lows around 46°F and highs reaching 70°F. Precipitation averages 3.3 inches, often in the form of light rain.

Natural Disasters

The likelihood of natural disasters is low, although early frost can impact agriculture.

Activities

Inside Activities: Halloween events and indoor fall festivals attract families.

Outside Activities: Leaf peeping, hayrides, and visiting pumpkin patches are popular outdoor activities.

November

November sees further cooling with lows around 37°F and highs averaging 58°F. Precipitation averages 4.1 inches, transitioning from rain to occasional snow by the end of the month.

Natural Disasters

Early winter storms can occur, but they are generally mild.

Activities

Inside Activities: Holiday craft fairs and indoor community gatherings begin to take place.

Outside Activities: Hiking and preparing for winter sports are common as residents enjoy the last of the fall weather.

December

December is characterized by cold temperatures with lows around 29°F and highs of 47°F. Precipitation averages 3.8 inches, mostly as rain with occasional snow.

Natural Disasters

Winter storms and heavy rainfall can disrupt travel and daily activities.

Activities

Inside Activities: Holiday events, indoor markets, and family gatherings are prevalent during the festive season.

Outside Activities: Ice skating, snowmobiling, and winter hiking in nearby parks provide outdoor entertainment.

Chad Brief History

Chad Brief History

Chad Country Facts:

Chad, situated in North-Central Africa, is known for its diverse geography, ranging from the Sahara Desert in the north to the fertile Sahel region in the south. Its capital is N’Djamena. The country is home to various ethnic groups, languages, and cultures. Chad’s economy is primarily based on agriculture, livestock, and oil production. Despite its natural resources, Chad faces challenges such as political instability, armed conflict, and humanitarian crises, yet it holds potential for development and regional cooperation.

Early Civilizations and Pre-Colonial Period (Prehistory – 19th Century CE)

Ancient Civilizations and Trans-Saharan Trade (Prehistory – 15th Century CE)

Chad’s history dates back to ancient times, with evidence of human habitation found in archaeological sites such as the Sahara Desert and Lake Chad basin. The region was home to various ancient civilizations, including the Sao, Kanem-Bornu, and Baguirmi, who established trade networks and urban centers along the trans-Saharan trade routes. These civilizations engaged in agriculture, fishing, and craftsmanship, contributing to the cultural and economic development of the region. The rise of empires such as Kanem-Bornu and the Sultanate of Baguirmi marked significant milestones in Chad’s pre-colonial history.

Islamic Influence and Empires (8th Century CE – 19th Century CE)

From the 8th century onwards, Islam spread to Chad through trans-Saharan trade and contact with Arab and Berber traders. Islamic scholars and merchants established settlements and Islamic states in Chad, including the Kanem-Bornu Empire and the Wadai Sultanate. These Islamic empires played a crucial role in shaping Chad’s political, religious, and cultural landscape, fostering the spread of Islam and incorporating Islamic legal and administrative systems. The influence of Islam coexisted with indigenous beliefs and practices, contributing to the diversity of religious traditions in Chad.

Colonialism and French Domination (Late 19th Century CE – 1960 CE)

European Exploration and French Conquest (Late 19th Century CE – 20th Century CE)

In the late 19th century, European powers, particularly France, began to assert colonial control over Chad and other parts of Africa. French explorers and military expeditions penetrated Chad’s interior, establishing colonial outposts and signing treaties with local rulers. Chad became part of French Equatorial Africa in the early 20th century, subjected to French colonial rule and exploitation. The French imposed forced labor, taxation, and land expropriation, leading to resistance and uprisings among Chad’s indigenous populations.

Resistance and Rebellion (20th Century CE)

Chad’s indigenous peoples resisted French colonial rule through various means, including armed rebellions, protests, and acts of sabotage. Notable resistance movements, such as the Baguirmi Revolt of 1909 and the Salamat Rebellion of 1911, challenged French authority and demanded autonomy and self-governance. The French responded with military force, suppressing rebellions and imposing harsh measures to maintain control. Despite resistance efforts, Chad remained under French domination, with colonial exploitation intensifying during World War II and the post-war period.

Decolonization and Independence Struggle (1950s CE – 1960 CE)

In the aftermath of World War II, anti-colonial sentiments grew stronger in Chad, fueled by nationalist movements and demands for independence. Chadian political leaders, such as Félix Malloum and François Tombalbaye, mobilized support for independence through political activism and advocacy. The emergence of nationalist parties, including the Chadian Progressive Party (PPT) and the Chadian Democratic Union (UDT), galvanized popular resistance against French colonial rule. In 1960, Chad finally gained independence from France, with N’Djamena becoming the capital and François Tombalbaye serving as the country’s first president.

Post-Independence Challenges and Civil Strife (1960 CE – 1990s CE)

Nation-Building and Political Instability (1960s CE – 1970s CE)

Chad’s early years of independence were marked by political instability, ethnic tensions, and economic struggles. President François Tombalbaye’s administration faced challenges in nation-building and governance, as rival ethnic groups and regional factions vied for power and resources. Tombalbaye’s policies of centralization and favoritism towards his own Sara ethnic group alienated other communities, leading to social unrest and armed rebellions. The government’s repression of opposition parties and dissenting voices further exacerbated tensions, culminating in a series of coup attempts and violent clashes.

Chadian Civil Wars (1980s CE – 1990s CE)

The 1980s witnessed a protracted period of civil wars and armed conflicts in Chad, fueled by ethnic rivalries, regionalism, and external interventions. The Libyan-backed insurgency led by Goukouni Oueddei and Hissein Habré challenged the authority of President Tombalbaye, plunging the country into a state of civil war. The conflict escalated with the intervention of Libyan forces, exacerbating ethnic divisions and humanitarian crises. The Chadian government, with support from France and other regional powers, fought against rebel factions and foreign invaders, resulting in widespread devastation and loss of life.

Transition to Democracy and Multi-Party Politics (1990s CE)

In the early 1990s, Chad embarked on a path of democratic transition and political reconciliation, following the overthrow of President Habré’s regime in 1990. The National Sovereign Conference of 1993 paved the way for democratic reforms and the establishment of a multi-party system, allowing for greater political participation and civil liberties. Democratic elections were held in 1996, leading to the election of Idriss Déby, a former military commander, as president. Déby’s presidency marked a new era of stability and democratization in Chad, although challenges of corruption, governance, and human rights persisted.

Contemporary Challenges and Regional Dynamics (2000s CE – Present)

Security Threats and Insurgencies (2000s CE – Present)

Chad continues to grapple with security threats and armed insurgencies, particularly in the northern and eastern regions bordering Sudan and Libya. Rebel groups, such as the Union of Forces for Democracy and Development (UFDD) and the Rally of Forces for Change (RFC), have launched attacks against the Chadian government and engaged in cross-border conflicts. The presence of armed militias, including jihadist groups affiliated with al-Qaeda and ISIS, further complicates the security situation, posing risks to stability and civilian safety. Chad’s military, with support from international partners, has undertaken counter-insurgency operations to combat terrorism and restore order.

Humanitarian Crises and Development Challenges (2000s CE – Present)

Chad faces persistent challenges of poverty, underdevelopment, and humanitarian crises, exacerbated by factors such as drought, food insecurity, and internal displacement. The country ranks among the poorest nations in the world, with high levels of poverty, malnutrition, and infant mortality. Humanitarian organizations and international donors provide assistance to address the needs of vulnerable populations, including refugees, internally displaced persons (IDPs), and host communities affected by conflict and natural disasters. Efforts to promote sustainable development, improve healthcare, and enhance education remain priorities for Chad’s government and its partners.

Regional Cooperation and Diplomacy (2000s CE – Present)

Chad plays a significant role in regional cooperation and diplomatic initiatives aimed at addressing shared challenges and promoting peace and stability in Central Africa. As a member of regional organizations such as the African Union (AU) and the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), Chad participates in peacekeeping missions, conflict resolution efforts, and economic integration projects. The country’s strategic location and military capabilities make it a key partner in regional security initiatives, including efforts to combat terrorism, transnational crime, and illicit trafficking. Chad’s diplomatic engagement and mediation efforts contribute to regional dialogue and cooperation, fostering relations with neighboring countries and international partners.

Bilateral Relationship between India and China

Bilateral Relationship between India and China

The bilateral relationship between India and China is complex and multifaceted, encompassing historical, diplomatic, and economic dimensions. While historical interactions have shaped the foundation of the relationship, diplomatic engagements and economic cooperation have defined its contemporary trajectory. Despite challenges and periodic tensions, both nations continue to explore avenues for cooperation, recognizing the mutual benefits of a stable and constructive bilateral relationship.

Historical Background

Ancient Civilizations and Early Interactions

India and China, two of the world’s oldest civilizations, have shared a long history of cultural and economic exchanges. The early interactions between these two civilizations were primarily through trade and the spread of Buddhism. The Silk Road played a crucial role in facilitating trade between India and China, allowing the exchange of goods such as silk, spices, and precious metals. Additionally, Buddhist monks traveled between the two regions, fostering religious and cultural connections.

India and China

Medieval Period and Decline of Interactions

During the medieval period, interactions between India and China declined due to the rise of Islamic empires in the region and the subsequent shifts in trade routes. The Mongol invasions in the 13th century further disrupted the connections between the two regions. Despite the decline in direct interactions, cultural influences persisted, particularly in the realms of art, architecture, and literature.

Colonial Era and the Impact on Bilateral Relations

The colonial era marked a significant shift in India-China relations. Both nations were subjected to colonial domination—India under British rule and China facing Western imperialism. During this period, there were minimal direct interactions between the two countries. However, the shared experience of colonialism laid the groundwork for future solidarity and cooperation in their struggle for independence.

Post-Independence Era and Early Diplomatic Engagements

Following their respective independence—India in 1947 and the People’s Republic of China in 1949—both nations sought to establish a framework for bilateral relations. Initial interactions were marked by mutual recognition and a desire to foster friendly relations. The 1950s saw a series of high-level exchanges, including the signing of the Panchsheel Agreement in 1954, which emphasized mutual respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity, non-aggression, non-interference in internal affairs, equality, and mutual benefit, and peaceful coexistence.

Sino-Indian War of 1962

Despite early diplomatic efforts, the relationship between India and China deteriorated in the late 1950s, culminating in the Sino-Indian War of 1962. The primary cause of the conflict was a border dispute in the Aksai Chin and Arunachal Pradesh regions. The war resulted in a decisive Chinese victory, significantly straining bilateral relations. The conflict left a lasting impact on the geopolitical dynamics of South Asia and remains a point of contention between the two nations.

Post-1962 Relations and Border Disputes

In the aftermath of the 1962 war, India and China experienced a prolonged period of mistrust and limited diplomatic engagement. The border dispute continued to be a major source of tension, with several skirmishes occurring over the years. Efforts to resolve the border issue through diplomatic means were initiated in the 1980s, leading to the signing of various agreements aimed at maintaining peace and tranquility along the Line of Actual Control (LAC).

Rapprochement and Normalization of Relations

The late 1980s and early 1990s witnessed a gradual normalization of India-China relations. High-level visits and dialogues resumed, culminating in the historic visit of Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi to China in 1988. This visit marked a turning point, leading to the establishment of a Joint Working Group on the boundary issue and a renewed focus on enhancing economic and cultural ties.

21st Century Developments and Strategic Rivalry

The 21st century has seen both cooperation and competition between India and China. While economic and trade relations have expanded significantly, strategic rivalry and border tensions have persisted. The Doklam standoff in 2017 and the Galwan Valley clash in 2020 highlighted the fragile nature of the bilateral relationship. Despite these challenges, both nations continue to engage in diplomatic dialogues to manage differences and explore avenues for cooperation.

Diplomatic Relations

Establishment of Diplomatic Ties

India and China formally established diplomatic relations on April 1, 1950. This marked the beginning of a new era of bilateral engagement, characterized by mutual recognition and efforts to build a framework for cooperation. The initial years were marked by high-level exchanges and the signing of agreements aimed at fostering friendship and understanding.

High-Level Visits and Dialogues

1950s: Early Exchanges and Panchsheel Agreement

The 1950s were marked by significant diplomatic exchanges between India and China. Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai played key roles in shaping the bilateral relationship. The Panchsheel Agreement of 1954, which outlined the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, was a landmark achievement during this period.

1980s-1990s: Rapprochement and Confidence-Building

After a prolonged period of strained relations following the 1962 war, the 1980s and 1990s witnessed renewed efforts to normalize ties. Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi’s visit to China in 1988 marked a significant step towards rapprochement. The visit resulted in the establishment of the Joint Working Group on the boundary issue and agreements on maintaining peace and tranquility along the LAC.

21st Century: Strategic Dialogues and High-Level Visits

The 21st century has seen numerous high-level visits and dialogues aimed at managing bilateral relations. Notable visits include Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao’s visit to India in 2005, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visits to China in 2015 and 2018, and Chinese President Xi Jinping’s visits to India in 2014 and 2019. These visits have focused on enhancing economic cooperation, addressing border issues, and exploring new areas of collaboration.

Diplomatic Missions and Institutional Mechanisms

India and China have established a robust network of diplomatic missions and institutional mechanisms to manage bilateral relations. Both countries have embassies in each other’s capitals, consulates in major cities, and various institutional frameworks for dialogue.

Bilateral Mechanisms for Dialogue

Several institutional mechanisms facilitate regular dialogue between India and China. These include the Joint Working Group on the boundary issue, the Strategic Economic Dialogue, the Annual Defence Dialogue, and the India-China Strategic Dialogue. These mechanisms aim to address specific areas of concern, enhance cooperation, and manage differences.

Cultural and People-to-People Exchanges

Cultural and people-to-people exchanges play a vital role in strengthening bilateral relations. Initiatives such as the India-China Year of Friendly Exchanges, cultural festivals, academic exchanges, and tourism promotion have contributed to fostering mutual understanding and goodwill.

Trade and Economic Relations

Bilateral Trade Volume

The economic relationship between India and China has grown significantly over the past few decades. Bilateral trade has expanded from modest levels in the 1990s to become one of the largest trading relationships in the world.

Growth of Bilateral Trade

In the early 2000s, bilateral trade between India and China experienced rapid growth. By 2008, China had become India’s largest trading partner. The bilateral trade volume continued to increase, reaching new heights each year. In recent years, despite geopolitical tensions, trade between the two countries has remained robust, driven by strong economic complementarities.

Major Imports and Exports

The trade relationship between India and China is characterized by a significant trade imbalance, with China exporting more to India than it imports.

India’s Exports to China

India’s major exports to China include raw materials and agricultural products. Key export items include iron ore, cotton, copper, and organic chemicals. In recent years, there has been a growing emphasis on diversifying India’s export basket to China to include value-added products and services.

China’s Exports to India

According to a sourcing agent in China, China’s exports to India primarily consist of manufactured goods and electronic products. Major export items include machinery, electrical equipment, chemicals, and textiles. The high demand for Chinese goods in India reflects the competitive pricing and wide range of products offered by Chinese manufacturers.

Investment Flows and Economic Cooperation

Investment flows between India and China have also seen substantial growth. Chinese investments in India have increased, particularly in sectors such as telecommunications, infrastructure, and technology. Indian companies have also made investments in China, although to a lesser extent.

Chinese Investments in India

Chinese investments in India have focused on sectors such as infrastructure, real estate, telecommunications, and manufacturing. Major Chinese companies, including Huawei, Xiaomi, and Alibaba, have established a significant presence in the Indian market. These investments have contributed to economic growth and job creation in India.

Indian Investments in China

Indian investments in China have primarily been in sectors such as information technology, pharmaceuticals, and automotive. Indian IT companies, such as Infosys and TCS, have established operations in China, leveraging the growing demand for IT services in the Chinese market.

Economic Cooperation Agreements

India and China have signed several economic cooperation agreements aimed at enhancing trade and investment flows. These agreements cover a wide range of areas, including trade facilitation, investment protection, and technology transfer.

Key Economic Cooperation Agreements

Notable economic cooperation agreements between India and China include the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on Economic and Trade Cooperation, the Agreement on Trade and Economic Cooperation, and the Strategic Economic Dialogue. These agreements provide a framework for enhancing economic cooperation and addressing trade-related issues.

Challenges and Opportunities

Despite the growth in economic relations, challenges remain. The trade imbalance, market access barriers, and regulatory issues are significant concerns for both countries. However, there are also opportunities for further cooperation in areas such as infrastructure development, renewable energy, and digital economy.

Chad Population

Chad Population

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Chad is 16,877,357, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 16,877,357
Population growth rate 3.18%
Birth rate 35.60 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall life expectancy 49.07 years
Men life expectancy 47.95 years
Women life expectancy 50.22 years
Age structure
0-14 years 48.12%
15-64 years 49.47%
65 years and above 2.39%
Median age 17.40 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 0.93
Population density 13.14 residents per km²
Urbanization 24.90%
Ethnicities
approx. 200 ethnic groups: approx. 15% Sudanese Arabs; 40% Islamic peoples (Kanembu, Boulala, Hadjerai, Dadjo, Maba, Tubu-Daza, Tama, Zaghawa and others; in the S 30% Sara and others; Hausa, Fulbe)
Religions
Muslim 50%, Christian 25%, indigenous religions (mainly animism) 25%
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.401
HDI ranking 187th out of 194

People in Chad

More than 15 million people live in Chad. With a birthrate of almost six (5.7) children per woman, the population is growing rapidly. It increases by 2.8 percent per year. That is one of the highest values ​​in the world.

The population is therefore also very young. 47 percent of all Chadians are under 15 years old! The average age of all residents is only 16.1 years. However, life expectancy is low. It is only 58 years.

Most of the Chadians live in the south of the country. The desert in the north is home to only a few nomads. Overall, only 23 percent live in cities, so the majority live in rural areas.

The Sara, who live in the south of the country, form the largest group with 30 percent. Arabs form the second largest group with 12 percent. They live more in the north of the country. The Tubu are also at home there. Their central settlement area is in and around the Tibesti Mountains.

Zaghawa live in the east of the country and the adjacent areas in Sudan. The President of Chad, Idriss Déby, is a Zaghawa. The Kanembu live on Lake Chad. Other larger ethnic groups are the Ouaddau and the Hadjarai.

Languages in Chad

The official languages ​​in Chad are French and Arabic. Arabic is spoken by around a quarter of the population – as a mother tongue or as a second language, while French is only spoken by a small minority. However, a total of around 120 languages ​​are spoken in the country. The most common among them is the language of the Sara people, who form the largest ethnic group in Chad.

Religions in Chad

In the north of the country there are mainly Muslims, in the south Christians. A total of 53 percent belong to Islam, 34 percent are Christians (20 percent Catholics and 14 percent Protestants). 7 percent follow the traditional African natural religions. Some of these are mixed with Christian elements. The country is also culturally divided into an Arab-Islamic north and a black African- Christian south.

Chad Overview

Chad, located in north-central Africa, is famous for its diverse landscapes, including the Sahara Desert in the north, the Sahel region in the central part of the country, and the lush greenery of the southern savannas. The country is known for its rich cultural heritage, with diverse ethnic groups contributing to its vibrant music, dance, and cuisine. Lake Chad, one of the largest lakes in Africa, provides a vital water source for the region and supports a variety of wildlife. Despite challenges such as political instability and environmental degradation, Chad’s resilience and natural beauty continue to captivate visitors.

  • Capital City: N’Djamena
  • Population: Approximately 16.5 million
  • Area: 1,284,000 square kilometers
  • Full Country Name: Republic of Chad
  • Currency: Central African CFA Franc (XAF)
  • Language: French, Arabic
  • ISO Country Codes: TD, TCD

Bordering Countries of Chad

Chad is a landlocked country located in Central Africa, with a total of six international borders. To the north lies Libya, to the east is Sudan, the south are both Central African Republic and Cameroon, and to the west are Niger and Nigeria. Although Chad does not share any maritime boundaries, it does have access to the Mediterranean Sea via Libya.

Chad’s border with Libya stretches for 1,055 km (655 mi) from Faya-Largeau at its northern end all the way until it reaches Tibesti region at its southern end near Niger’s border. This boundary was established through an agreement between both countries during colonial era when French Equatorial Africa was divided into two separate regions.

The border between Chad and Sudan is 880 km (547 mi) long and runs from Darfur region in Sudan’s east all the way to Wadi Howar at its western end near Niger’s border. This boundary has been subject to several disputes since it was established but has remained largely unchanged since 2008 when both countries signed a treaty confirming their respective rights & obligations over this area.

The Chad-Central African Republic boundary stretches for 956 km (594 mi) from Bamingui-Bangoran prefecture in Central African Republic’s west all the way until it reaches Logone Occidental region at its eastern end near Cameroon’s border. This boundary was established through an agreement between both countries during colonial era when French Equatorial Africa was divided into two separate regions.

The Chad-Cameroon boundary consists of a small maritime border that runs for 449 km (279 mi) from Douala at its western end all the way until it reaches Cross River at its eastern end near Nigeria’s coast. This boundary has been subject to several disputes since it was established but has remained largely unchanged since 1975 when both countries signed a treaty confirming their respective rights & obligations over this area.

Finally, Chad shares a lengthy land border with Niger that stretches for 1,175 km (730 mi) from Zinder region in Niger’s northeast all the way until it reaches Tibesti region at its southwestern end near Libya’s border. This boundary was established through an agreement between both countries during colonial era when French West Africa was divided into two separate regions.

2024 Public Holidays in Chad

2024 Public Holidays in Chad

Public Holidays in Chad 2024

Chad, located in north-central Africa, celebrates various public holidays throughout the year. These holidays are an integral part of Chad’s cultural, religious, and historical identity, providing opportunities for the people to come together, reflect, and commemorate significant events. In this guide, we will explore the public holidays in Chad for the year 2024, providing detailed descriptions of each holiday along with information on the groups entitled to days off.

New Year’s Day – January 1, 2024

New Year’s Day marks the beginning of the Gregorian calendar year and is celebrated with enthusiasm and joy in Chad. It is a time for gatherings with family and friends, festive meals, and reflection on the year ahead. Many Chadians participate in New Year’s Eve parties and countdowns to midnight, followed by New Year’s Day festivities.

Days off: New Year’s Day is a public holiday in Chad, observed nationwide, providing a day off for government offices, businesses, and schools.

Labour Day – May 1, 2024

Labour Day, also known as International Workers’ Day, is celebrated worldwide on May 1st to honor the contributions of workers to society and advocate for labor rights and improved working conditions. In Chad, it is a day of rallies, marches, and speeches organized by trade unions and labor organizations. Workers from various sectors come together to demand better wages, working conditions, and social benefits.

Days off: Labour Day is a public holiday in Chad, observed nationwide, providing a day off for government offices, businesses, and schools.

Independence Day – August 11, 2024

Independence Day in Chad commemorates the country’s independence from France on August 11, 1960. It is a day of national pride and patriotism, marked by flag-raising ceremonies, parades, cultural performances, and speeches by government officials. Independence Day is an opportunity for Chadians to celebrate their sovereignty and reflect on their nation’s history.

Days off: Independence Day is a public holiday in Chad, observed nationwide, providing a day off for government offices, businesses, and schools.

Assumption Day – August 15, 2024

Assumption Day is a Christian holiday that commemorates the belief in the bodily assumption of the Virgin Mary into heaven. In Chad, it is observed with religious services, processions, and prayers. Many Catholics attend Mass and participate in special devotions to honor the Blessed Virgin Mary on this day.

Days off: Assumption Day is a public holiday in Chad, primarily observed by members of the Christian community, but it is also recognized by the wider population, with many businesses and schools closing for the occasion.

National Liberation Day – November 1, 2024

National Liberation Day in Chad commemorates the victory of the Chadian forces over the French colonial army at the Battle of Kousseïrma on November 1, 1959. It is a day to celebrate Chad’s struggle for independence and honor the sacrifices made by its people. National Liberation Day is marked by official ceremonies, patriotic events, and cultural activities.

Days off: National Liberation Day is a public holiday in Chad, observed nationwide, providing a day off for government offices, businesses, and schools.

Christmas Day – December 25, 2024

Christmas Day is a Christian holiday that celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ and is observed with religious services, festive meals, and the exchange of gifts. In Chad, Christmas is a time for family gatherings, church services, and traditional celebrations. Many people attend Mass and participate in special rituals to commemorate the birth of Christ.

Days off: Christmas Day is a public holiday in Chad, observed nationwide, providing a day off for government offices, businesses, and schools.

Table: Summary of Public Holidays in Chad 2024

Holiday Date Description Days Off for Groups
New Year’s Day January 1 Beginning of the Gregorian calendar year Nationwide
Labour Day May 1 Celebration of workers’ contributions Nationwide
Independence Day August 11 Commemoration of Chad’s independence from France Nationwide
Assumption Day August 15 Commemoration of the assumption of the Virgin Mary Nationwide
National Liberation Day November 1 Commemoration of victory over French colonial forces Nationwide
Christmas Day December 25 Celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ Nationwide

 

Alma, New York Weather by Month

Alma, New York Weather by Month

Alma, New York, is a small town located in Allegany County in the western part of the state. Geographically, it is located at approximately 42.2224° N latitude and 77.9672° W longitude, located amidst the scenic landscape of the Finger Lakes region. Affiliated with the United States, Alma has a population of approximately 800 residents and covers an area of 34.5 square miles (89.4 km²), making it a rural but tight-knit community in New York.

The town of Alma is known for its picturesque surroundings, with rolling hills, lush forests, and serene lakes defining the landscape. Major landmarks in Alma include Alma Pond, Alma Hill, and the historic downtown area with its quaint shops and cafes. Additionally, Alma is renowned for its agricultural heritage, with many local farms producing fruits, vegetables, and dairy products that contribute to the region’s economy and culinary scene.

Climate and Weather Overview

Alma experiences a humid continental climate with four distinct seasons characterized by cold, snowy winters and warm, humid summers. Located in the northeastern United States, the town’s climate is influenced by its proximity to the Great Lakes and the Appalachian Mountains. Winters are typically cold and snowy, while summers are warm and humid, providing residents and visitors with a variety of outdoor activities throughout the year.

Monthly Climate Data

The following table provides average temperature, precipitation, and sunny days for each month in Alma:

Month Average Temperature (°F) Average Precipitation (inches) Sunny Days
January 25°F 2.84 inches 11
February 28°F 2.48 inches 12
March 36°F 3.32 inches 14
April 48°F 3.64 inches 16
May 60°F 4.14 inches 18
June 70°F 4.32 inches 19
July 76°F 4.23 inches 20
August 75°F 4.13 inches 19
September 66°F 3.71 inches 17
October 54°F 3.24 inches 15
November 43°F 3.06 inches 13
December 31°F 2.92 inches 11

Weather by Month

January

January in Alma brings cold temperatures and significant snowfall, with average highs around 25°F (-4°C). The month is one of the snowiest of the year, with precipitation averaging 2.84 inches (72 mm), most of which falls as snow. Despite the cold and snow, sunny days are limited, making indoor activities such as reading, baking, and crafting popular choices for residents. January also offers opportunities for outdoor activities such as skiing, snowboarding, and snowshoeing in the nearby mountains.

February

February continues the cold weather in Alma, with average temperatures similar to January. Snowfall remains significant, although precipitation levels decrease slightly compared to January, averaging 2.48 inches (63 mm). Sunny days become slightly more frequent, providing opportunities for outdoor activities such as ice fishing, sledding, and winter hiking. February also offers opportunities for attending winter carnivals, ice skating, and enjoying hot chocolate by the fireplace.

March

March marks the transition to spring in Alma, with milder temperatures and increasing daylight hours. Average highs rise to around 36°F (2°C), but snowfall can still occur, contributing to the month’s average precipitation of 3.32 inches (84 mm). Sunny days become more frequent as winter gives way to spring, providing opportunities for outdoor activities such as maple sugaring, birdwatching, and hiking. March also offers opportunities for attending spring festivals, craft fairs, and celebrating the arrival of warmer weather.

April

April brings mild spring weather to Alma, with average temperatures reaching around 48°F (9°C) during the day. Rainfall increases compared to March, averaging 3.64 inches (92 mm), but sunny days also become more prevalent. Outdoor activities such as gardening, hiking, and birdwatching become popular as the snow melts and nature begins to awaken from winter dormancy. April also marks the beginning of the fishing season, with opportunities for trout fishing in the nearby streams and lakes.

May

May signals the arrival of warmer temperatures in Alma, with average highs reaching around 60°F (16°C). Rainfall continues to increase compared to April, averaging 4.14 inches (105 mm), but sunny days continue to prevail. Outdoor activities such as camping, fishing, and picnicking are enjoyable as the landscape bursts into bloom with colorful flowers and lush greenery. May also offers opportunities for birdwatching, visiting farmers’ markets, and attending outdoor concerts and festivals celebrating the arrival of spring.

June

June brings the onset of summer in Alma, with warm temperatures and occasional rainfall. Average highs reach around 70°F (21°C), creating ideal conditions for outdoor recreation. Rainfall increases compared to May, averaging 4.32 inches (110 mm), but sunny days continue to be prevalent. Outdoor activities such as camping, hiking, and fishing are popular choices for residents and visitors looking to enjoy the longer days and warmer weather. June also offers opportunities for attending summer solstice events, exploring local trails, and enjoying scenic drives through the countryside.

July

July is the warmest month of the year in Alma, with average highs reaching around 76°F (24°C). Afternoon showers become more frequent, contributing to the month’s average precipitation of 4.23 inches (107 mm). Despite the rain, sunny days are still possible, providing ample opportunities for outdoor activities such as swimming, boating, and picnicking at local parks and lakes. July also offers opportunities for attending Fourth of July celebrations, outdoor barbecues, and enjoying live music at local venues.

August

August continues the warm, humid weather in Alma, with average temperatures similar to those in July. Afternoon showers remain common, contributing to the month’s average precipitation of 4.13 inches (105 mm). Despite the rain, sunny days continue to prevail, providing opportunities for outdoor recreation such as fishing, kayaking, and hiking. August also offers opportunities for attending agricultural fairs, outdoor movie nights, and enjoying locally grown produce at farmers’ markets.

September

September marks the transition to fall in Alma, with gradually decreasing temperatures and changing foliage. Average highs drop to around 66°F (19°C), creating more comfortable conditions for outdoor activities. Rainfall remains consistent with the summer months, averaging 3.71 inches (94 mm), but sunny days still abound. Residents and visitors can enjoy outdoor recreation such as hiking, leaf peeping, and apple picking amidst the vibrant colors of autumn in New York. September also offers opportunities for attending fall festivals, harvest celebrations, and exploring the town’s historic sites and museums.

October

October brings cooler temperatures to Alma, with average highs reaching around 54°F (12°C) during the day. Rainfall increases compared to the summer months, averaging 3.24 inches (82 mm), but sunny days are still prevalent. Outdoor activities such as leaf peeping, pumpkin picking, and exploring nature trails are popular choices for residents and visitors looking to embrace the autumn season. October also offers opportunities for attending Halloween events, haunted hayrides, and cider tastings at local orchards.

November

November signals the arrival of colder temperatures and increased rainfall in Alma, with average highs reaching around 43°F (6°C). Rainfall peaks during this month, averaging 3.06 inches (78 mm), while sunny days continue to be interspersed throughout the month. Outdoor activities such as birdwatching, nature walks, and visiting local parks are still enjoyable during breaks in the rain. November also offers opportunities for attending Thanksgiving feasts, holiday craft fairs, and preparing for the upcoming winter season.

December

December brings cold, snowy weather to Alma, with average temperatures around 31°F (-1°C). Snowfall becomes more common, contributing to the month’s average precipitation of 2.92 inches (74 mm). Despite the cold, sunny days are still possible, providing opportunities for outdoor activities such as sledding, snowshoeing, and building snowmen. Indoor activities such as ice skating, visiting holiday light displays, and attending seasonal concerts offer entertainment options for those seeking shelter from the winter weather.

Auburndale, Florida Weather by Month

Auburndale, Florida Weather by Month

Auburndale is a vibrant city located in Polk County, Florida, United States. Located in the heart of Central Florida, Auburndale enjoys a prime location between Tampa and Orlando, making it a desirable place to live and visit. The city is known for its beautiful lakes, rich history, and welcoming community. With a population of approximately 16,000 residents, Auburndale offers a small-town atmosphere with easy access to urban amenities and attractions. From outdoor recreation to cultural events, Auburndale has something for everyone to enjoy.

Geography and Climate

Auburndale’s location in Central Florida influences its geography and climate, resulting in mild winters, hot summers, and abundant sunshine throughout the year. The city is surrounded by numerous lakes, including Lake Ariana and Lake Juliana, which provide scenic beauty and recreational opportunities for residents and visitors alike.

Climate and Weather Overview

Average Climate Data

The following table presents average temperature, precipitation, and sunny days for each month in Auburndale, Florida:

Month Average Temperature (Fahrenheit) Precipitation (inches) Sunny Days
January 71 2.6 7
February 73 2.7 7
March 77 3.4 8
April 81 2.0 8
May 86 3.2 9
June 90 7.0 9
July 91 7.5 9
August 91 7.4 8
September 89 6.1 8
October 84 3.2 8
November 78 2.3 7
December 73 2.5 7

Weather by Month

January

January in Auburndale brings mild temperatures and moderate precipitation. The average temperature is around 71°F, making it an ideal time for outdoor activities such as hiking, biking, and fishing. While occasional rain showers may occur, sunny days are still common, allowing residents and visitors to enjoy the city’s parks, trails, and recreational areas. January also offers opportunities for birdwatching, visiting local attractions such as the Auburndale Speedway, and attending community events.

February

February sees similar weather patterns to January, with mild temperatures and moderate precipitation. The average temperature rises slightly to 73°F, while precipitation levels remain consistent. Outdoor activities such as golfing, kayaking, and picnicking are popular choices for residents and visitors looking to soak up the Florida sunshine. February also offers opportunities for exploring nearby attractions such as the Circle B Bar Reserve, participating in water sports on the area’s lakes, and attending cultural events.

March

March marks the beginning of spring in Auburndale, with temperatures warming up and precipitation increasing. The average temperature is around 77°F, with slightly higher rainfall compared to previous months. Spring flowers begin to bloom, adding bursts of color to the city’s landscape and attracting visitors from near and far. Outdoor activities such as boating, fishing, and paddleboarding become more popular as the weather improves. March also offers opportunities for attending spring festivals, exploring botanical gardens, and enjoying outdoor concerts in the park.

April

April brings warm temperatures and moderate precipitation to Auburndale, with the average temperature reaching 81°F. Rainfall levels decrease slightly compared to March, creating ideal conditions for outdoor adventures and recreational activities. Residents and visitors can enjoy hiking in nearby nature preserves, exploring local parks and gardens, and participating in water sports on the city’s lakes. April also offers opportunities for attending Easter events, joining nature walks led by local experts, and enjoying al fresco dining at restaurants with outdoor seating.

May

May heralds the arrival of summer in Auburndale, with temperatures averaging 86°F and precipitation levels increasing. The city experiences more frequent rain showers and thunderstorms, providing relief from the summer heat and nourishing the surrounding vegetation. Despite the rain, residents and visitors can still enjoy outdoor activities such as swimming, boating, and birdwatching. May also offers opportunities for attending outdoor concerts, exploring farmers markets, and taking scenic drives to nearby attractions.

June

June brings hot temperatures and abundant rainfall to Auburndale, with the average temperature soaring to 90°F and precipitation levels peaking at 7.0 inches. Summer is in full swing, with long, sunny days perfect for lounging by the pool, visiting water parks, and enjoying outdoor festivals and events. Despite the heat, residents and visitors can still find ways to stay cool by taking advantage of the city’s lakes and waterways. June also offers opportunities for attending Independence Day celebrations, exploring indoor attractions such as museums and art galleries, and enjoying ice cream treats at local shops.

July

July sees similar weather patterns to June, with hot temperatures and frequent afternoon thunderstorms. The average temperature remains around 91°F, while precipitation levels increase to 7.5 inches. Despite the rain, residents and visitors can still enjoy outdoor activities such as fishing, boating, and kayaking on the city’s lakes. July also offers opportunities for attending Fourth of July fireworks displays, cooling off at splash pads and water parks, and indulging in summer treats such as snow cones and popsicles.

August

August maintains the heat of summer in Auburndale, with temperatures averaging 91°F and precipitation levels remaining high at 7.4 inches. Afternoon thunderstorms are common, providing relief from the summer heat and adding to the city’s lush greenery. Despite the rain, residents and visitors can still enjoy outdoor activities such as hiking, biking, and golfing. August also offers opportunities for attending back-to-school events, visiting indoor attractions such as aquariums and botanical gardens, and enjoying family-friendly activities at local parks and recreation centers.

September

September brings the first signs of fall to Auburndale, although temperatures remain warm and precipitation levels are still relatively high. The average temperature is around 89°F, with precipitation decreasing slightly to 6.1 inches. While summer activities may start to wind down, residents and visitors can still enjoy outdoor pursuits such as fishing, hiking, and biking. September also offers opportunities for attending fall festivals, exploring pumpkin patches, and enjoying outdoor dining at local restaurants.

October

October heralds the arrival of autumn in Auburndale, with temperatures cooling to an average of 84°F and precipitation levels decreasing. The city experiences sunny days and pleasant temperatures, making it an ideal time for outdoor activities such as picnicking, birdwatching, and nature walks. October also offers opportunities for visiting pumpkin farms, participating in Halloween events, and enjoying fall foliage drives in the surrounding area.

November

November brings mild temperatures and low precipitation to Auburndale, with the average temperature dropping to 78°F and precipitation levels averaging 2.3 inches. The city experiences sunny days and cool evenings, creating perfect conditions for outdoor adventures such as hiking, biking, and camping. November also offers opportunities for attending fall harvest festivals, exploring local parks and nature preserves, and enjoying Thanksgiving celebrations with family and friends.

December

December marks the beginning of winter in Auburndale, with temperatures averaging 73°F and precipitation levels increasing slightly to 2.5 inches. While the weather may be cooler, the city still experiences plenty of sunshine and opportunities for outdoor activities such as golfing, fishing, and birdwatching. December also offers opportunities for attending holiday events, visiting Christmas light displays, and enjoying festive activities such as ice skating and sleigh rides.