Category: America

Places to Visit in Costa Rica

Places to Visit in Costa Rica

Arenal Volcano National Park

North of San José is the 121 km2 Arenal Volcano National Park. The park offers a sea of ​​opportunities and experiences. Do you want to look at beautiful animals, wild volcanoes or bathe in thermal water holes on your journey, then it happens here.

The park’s ultimate star is the 1,633-meter-high volcano, Arenal, which with its enormous unfolding outshines any other attraction in the park. In 1968, Arenal erupted after being inactive for 400 years. It cost almost 100 people their lives. Since 2010, the volcano has been inactive again.

In Arenal Volcano National Park, you can spot capuchin monkeys, three-toed sloths, white-nosed rhinos and hundreds of different bird species. After a long day of hiking in the beautiful park, you can end the experience with relaxation in the nearby thermal baths.

Through the fog of Monteverde

Close to Arenal is the natural-rich eldorado, Monteverde, where lush ferns, thousands of orchids and a myriad of colorful birds, among others, have their home. Monteverde is also called the fog forest, as the heavy cloud of fog rarely leaves the company of the moss-covered trees.

The humidity in Monteverde is probably the highest you will experience on your trip to Costa Rica. In combination with the lack of sunlight, some rather unique growth conditions for the flora are formed here. Therefore, you will also find 2,500 different plant species in the area.

Monteverde is an incomparable destination for those traveling to Costa Rica with an urge for a good adrenaline rush. Coupled to thin steel wire, you can experience Monteverde by ziplining, hovering over the tops of the treetops. On foot, you can also explore the heights, as you can walk around the many suspension bridges that are fastened well above the ground.

Visit the turtles in Tortuguero

Tortuguero is the name of yet another unique national park that gets many to travel to Costa Rica. Four amazing turtle species live in the park. In the wettest time of the year (July – October) the turtles lay many eggs, of which tiny chicks hatch and sprint into the sea before your eyes.

In addition to the shielded reptiles, in Tortuguero you can scout for sloths, jaguars, tapirs and many more amazing animals. Take a boat trip along the canals, which meander through the park’s lush flora. From the boat you can spot the fearsome crocodiles and the adorable manatees.

Feel free to join a local guide in Tortuguero National Park. They know the area as their own back pocket and show enormous respect for nature. It takes the memory of a local man to tell the stories that, among other things, the guides know.

Carnival in Limón

On your Costa Rica trip, you are invited to the most festive and colorful experience of your life. From October 12 and about a week onwards, the streets of the city of Limón are packed with feather boas, Latin rhythms and natives in costumes representing all the colors of the rainbow.

Carnival in Limón is great travel memory. It is an open invitation to dance, party and song that you should definitely accept. The festival begins on the anniversary of when Christopher Columbus dropped anchor off the coast of Costa Rica in 1502.

If you are not that much into swinging your hips to exotic rhythms, then you can still participate in the festivities. On every street there are small makeshift restaurants from which you can enjoy a drink or Costa Rica’s national dish consisting of rice, beans, coconut milk and Caribbean spices. Carnival in Limón is for everyone, including visiting tourists.

Eat on a “Soda”

Traditional Costa Rican food should without exception be consumed on a “Soda”. Here you eat side by side with the locals, but you have to look far for pizza, burger or other ubiquitous dishes on your trip to Costa Rica. Only local and extremely tasty dishes are served here.

A Soda can be a bit reminiscent of a food market, as they are sometimes gathered in clusters. Such places are pure festivity, because the large selection and the modest prices allow you to taste through several “sodas” with a clear conscience.

You can also enjoy breakfast from the traditional eateries. Gallo Pinto is the most common meal in the morning, but it is definitely not reminiscent of a typical Danish breakfast. The dish consists of rice and beans.

Cities in Costa Rica

San José

From a bird’s eye view, every Costa Rican spot is green and lush. However, there is a bit of city life to pick up, on your trip to Costa Rica, in the capital San José, which has 350,000 inhabitants.

In San José you can not pass a street corner without encountering the text “Pura Vida” which means “The pure life”. Pura Vida is a versatile expression with which you can both greet, thank and declare that life is wonderful.

Through the fog of Monteverde

Bears in Canada

Bears in Canada

During your visit to Canada and Alaska, you are lucky enough to meet and observe all the bear species native to North America.

In this article, we introduce you to the known and lesser-known species of bears in Canada, as well as a newly emerging species.

The black bear (American black bear)

The Ursus americanus lives in almost all of North America with the exception of the extreme north and the dry southwest of the contiguous US states. The black bear is particularly common in Alaska and Canada. In contrast to the brown bear, the smaller black bear can climb very well and is also considered less dangerous than the grizzly.

While many black bears actually have black fur, there are several other varieties of color in this genus of predator. There is a silver-gray color variant as well as a brown like the grizzlies wear. Reddish brown fur colors also occur.

The fur color of the black bears depends on the habitat, the further north they live, the more likely the fur is black. In the drier habitats they are more reddish brown in color. The whitish color variant of the Kermode bears, also known as ghost bears, of the North American black bear, which lives on the Canadian west coast, is world-famous.

Like most bear species, the black bear is an omnivore, its food spectrum ranges from flowering and green plants to insects and larger game, here mostly young animals or old and weak adults as well as carrion. If the black bears live on salmon rivers, then this fish is also part of their diet.

The black bears have a head body length of about 150 to 190 cm and a shoulder height of up to about 90 cm. The average weight is around 100 kg, with individual specimens weighing only 50 kg or even 250 kg.

Bears in Canada: the brown bear , grizzly bear and Kodiak bear

The brown bear (Ursus arctos belongs to the bear family. It occurs with subspecies in North America and Eurasia. North American subspecies include the grizzly and the Kodiak bear. The brown bear is one of the largest extant land carnivores on earth. It is featured in numerous myths and Say an important part.

According to PRINTERHALL, brown bears go into hibernation when there is little food, contrary to what is often described, they do not really hibernate, the females give birth to their young during the hibernation. In order to survive the sometimes long winter dormancy, they eat a fat belly of bacon in the summer months.

The brown bears are omnivores too, flowers, grasses, mushrooms, berries, but also meat from insects, small mammals and large animals as well as the extremely popular salmon are on their menu.

The grizzly bear a subspecies of the brown bear family, the lives exclusively in North America. The name grizzly is derived from the grayish brown fur with gray tips. The grizzly is a powerful land predator with a stocky, bulky body.

In northern North America, grizzlies can weigh up to 680 kilograms, for example in the bear population in Katmai National Park & ​​Preserve in Alaska. The further south it goes, the lighter the animals become.

The male grizzlies are significantly larger and heavier than the females. The grizzlies are active during the day and at night, they can reach a speed of 60 kilometers per hour despite their body size, so running away is one of the worse ideas when encountering one of these imposing animals.

The Kodiak bear , which occurs on the island of the same name and the neighboring islands of Afognak and Shuyak off the southern coast of Alaska, is considered to be the largest land-based predator on earth, along with the polar bear and the Kamchatka bear.

This subspecies of the brown bear reaches a total length of up to three meters and a weight of up to 780 kilograms, with an average weight of 390 kilograms for males and 210 kilograms for females.

The head body length of brown bears is approx. 200 to 280 cm, the shoulder height 90 to 150 cm. The average weight is 140 to 390 kg for males and 80 to 210 kg for female bears, although there are exceptions with significantly higher weights, as described.

Bears in Canada: the polar bear or polar bear

The polar bear or polar bear (Ursus maritimus) lives in the northern polar regions of the world and is closely related to the brown bears. The polar bear is one of the largest land predators on earth, along with the Kamchatka bear and the Kodiak bear.

Due to the climatic changes on earth and the associated melting of the ice masses, the habitat of these beautiful animals is massively threatened.

Polar bears are very good and persistent swimmers. Their relatively slender physique is ideal for both the rough life on land and for covering long distances in the water. Their thick fur and the thick layer of fat that surrounds them allow them to withstand the icy temperatures of the north.

Polar bears, like all bears, are omnivores, but their special habitat makes them the bears whose diet consists mostly of meat. Seals are their favorite meal, but weakened walruses also prey on them.

On land, rodents and other small mammals, old or weak caribou or birds and bird eggs are also on the menu. Cannibalism is also not uncommon among polar bears, with strong males often eating young bears.

The head body length of a polar bear is 190 to 260 cm, with individual specimens up to 340 cm. The shoulder height is 80 to 160 cm, the average weight about 400 to 500 kg for male and 150 to 300 kg for female polar bears.

All bears, with the exception of mothers with young animals, are loners in terms of their social behavior. Bears are intelligent, curious and mostly harmless to humans. Fear and wrong behavior can end tragically for humans and bears. Many of the extraordinary and interesting predators are unfortunately shot by humans out of fear.

Bears in Canada: the pizzly or grolar bear

Brown bears and polar bears can mate with each other, and the resulting hybrid offspring is also fertile. Researchers have long agreed that these hybrids only occur in zoos. But now this hitherto largely unknown species has also been discovered in wild bears in Canada .

It was on April 16, 2006, when the Idaho-born hunter Jim Martell hunted down a supposed polar bear on Banks Island in the Canadian Northwest Territories, which later turned out to be Pizzly , a hybrid of polar bear and brown bear , after DNA analysis .

Sometimes this newly created species is also called grolar bear, derived from the names polar bear and grizzly bear.

Meanwhile, the pizzlies, the offspring of a polar bear mother and a grizzly father, are a hybrid bear species, the spread of which is of concern to researchers. They blame climate change for the fact that the habitats of both bears, which actually never met before, increasingly overlap.

The fact that the way of life of both bear species are fundamentally different, so grizzlies avoid ice zones and polar bears do not hibernate, the different foods of both species and much more causes headaches. Who will prevail in the end?

Amazingly, DNA analyzes have shown that the previously known hybrids always have a polar bear mother and a grizzly father, never the other way around. So far, this is probably due to the fact that male brown bears are always moving around, while the females tend to be more faithful to their location.

The scientists researching the phenomenon are almost certain, however, that reverse mating, polar bear father and grizzly mother, could mean the end of the polar bear. Another new species among the bears in Canada.

Bears in Canada

Deforestation in the Amazon and Its Consequences

Deforestation in the Amazon and Its Consequences

Deforestation and fires represent the main environmental problems faced by the Amazon biome, considered a major atmospheric “cooler” [removing excess carbon dioxide dispersed in the atmosphere, which causes global warming] and as the world’s largest biodiversity shelter.

The importance of the Amazon

According to Handbagpicks, the Amazon is one of the most important rainforest regions in the world. This is because in addition to being a huge area with more than 4 million km 2 of vegetation cover, it is home to one of the largest reserves of fresh water in the world and also an infinity of animal species in a rich biodiversity. Studies show that about 20% of all animal and plant species in the world are located in the Amazon Region.

Due to its wealth of natural resources and its large territorial extension, the Amazon has an influence on the balance of the environment on a global scale. This factor means that its preservation is not just a matter of national interest, but rather an issue for discussion between various international bodies and organizations.

However, all this natural wealth also attracts diverse groups that seek to exploit their resources illegally, either by extracting timber from forest regions or by using parts of their area for agricultural exploitation, both activities prohibited by law in protected areas.

These illegal activities leave the Amazon Forest area susceptible to two activities that are very degrading from the environmental point of view: deforestation and fires, which are often carried out jointly and which contribute greatly to the degradation of these environments.

Deforestation in the Amazon Forest

Much of the deforestation in the Amazon occurred for the irregular and unsustainable exploitation of natural resources and for land speculation, since an area deforested [even if illegally] becomes worth more than when it was still a native forest.

In general, deforestation of the forest occurs for illegal logging. To make it difficult to identify and locate the felled areas, the trees are cut in the most inland regions and with a certain spacing, in a technique called “fish bone”.

The Amazon, being a dense forest, has several large trees with commercial value, which attracts logging groups that illegally trade this resource. Despite various policies and legislation that try to prevent deforestation from advancing, the large dimensions of these forest areas make it difficult to inspect them, facilitating the work of criminals.

Deforestation in the biome also has an important relationship with the expansion of extensive beef cattle ranching in the Legal Amazon region, which went from 47 million cattle in 2000 to 85 million currently, thus occupying approximately 80% of the deforested area, in addition to the emission of GHG (greenhouse gases) and soil degradation.

One of the causes of deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon rainforest is the expansion of cattle and soy farms.

The fires in the Amazon Forest

Another illegal practice that occurs in the Amazon Region and that causes a lot of damage to the forest and the maintenance of its biodiversity concerns the practice of burning . This type of activity is used to clean the field, since the removal of vegetation cover from the forest is facilitated with dry cover. After this process, the area is suitable for agricultural cultivation.

These fires occur mainly in areas of environmental protection, and later agricultural cultivation is practiced by so-called land grabbers, who falsify land ownership documents for agricultural exploitation in the interior regions of the country.

Although this practice is old, the data presented by the monitoring systems of the Amazon Forest indicate that during the last few years there has been an increase in the number of fires in the region, presenting worrying levels in the year 2020. According to Imazon, in August the Amazon recorded the worst deforestation rate in the last 10 years.

Fires are extremely harmful to the Amazon Forest. In addition to decreasing the biodiversity areas of the forest, they cause environmental damage, contributing to the emission of gases into the atmosphere, which on a large scale generates serious climatic problems.

For people who live close to the regions of the fires, there is also a decrease in air quality, an increase in respiratory problems and, also, a decrease in vegetation cover, which causes damage to the environmental balance.

All of these factors underscore the importance of maintaining the Amazon Forest, in addition to the need for policies to raise public awareness of the problem and to comply with the laws for the protection of this important area of ​​global biodiversity.

Deforestation in the Amazon

The consequences of deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon

  • Fires and climate change operate in a vicious circle: the more fires, the more GHG emissions – greenhouse gases, and the more the planet warms, the greater the frequency of extreme events, such as the great droughts that have become recurrent in the Amazon. In addition to emissions, deforestation directly contributes to changing the pattern of rainfall in the region, which extends the duration of the dry season, further affecting the forest, biodiversity, agriculture and human health, as stated by Greenpeace.
  • Burning and deforestation negatively affect the evapotranspiration process in the Amazon Forest and, consequently, the decrease in the occurrence of convective or convective rains in the region and flying rivers, which are responsible for a large part of the rain that precipitates in the Center- Southern Brazil, promoting the expansion of drought periods, which will affect agricultural production and water supply in cities.
  • Reduced rainfall in the tropics in regions close to the Amazon, such as Paraguay, Argentina, Uruguay and Central-South Brazil.
  • Degradation of Conservation Units and Indigenous Lands, affecting the permanence or survival of traditional populations [eg, quilombolas, rubber tappers, chestnut trees, riverside dwellers, among others] and indigenous peoples.
  • Devastated areas are easier to be affected by the fire as the more open forest favors burning, as occurs in the area known as the “arc” of deforestation.
  • Extinction of animal and plant species, causing an imbalance in the ecosystem.
  • Erosion of the soil, which becomes unprotected with the cutting of trees and, consequently, expansion of the silting up of rivers and reservoirs.
  • Local and regional temperatures tend to rise, contributing to climate change.
  • Proliferation of pests and diseases.
  • Loss of specific knowledge of indigenous and traditional populations who have lived in the region for decades and who directly contribute to the development of ecological services in the Amazon.
Caribbean pearls

Caribbean pearls

If you want to get to know a part of the Caribbean, then this is the trip for you!
You get to experience 3 of the famous Netherlands Antilles, ie. two of the ABC islands, Aruba and Curacao, as well as both parts of the island of St Martin / Sint Maarten. Aruba attracts with dazzling white beaches and azure sea; snorkeling and diving are popular activities. The motto of the island is “One Happy Island”
Curacao is a wonderful melting pot of many cultures. The capital Willemstad has parts that are UNESCO-classified. It also shows a large part of the history of the slave trade in the Kura Hulanda Museum.
St Martin / Sint Maartenön’s total area is 87 square kilometers, making it the world’s smallest populated territory divided between two nations. Here is everything for a good holiday.

Caribbean pearls 2

Day 1: Travel to Aruba Aruba
‘s rich diversity is reflected in its food, architecture and warm, friendly people. What started as a fishing outpost for Indians has changed owners between Spain and Holland for centuries, and is now a versatile part of the Netherlands.
Arrival in Aruba. Transfer to hotel. Overnight in Aruba.

Day 2: Aruba – Free day to discover the island.
The flag of Aruba was officially adopted on March 18, 1976, along with the official anthem “Aruba Dushi Tera.” The blue in the flag represents the sea that surrounds Aruba, the yellow is the color of abundance, red stands for love, and white corresponds to the island’s pristine beaches. The Arab tribe Arabs from mainland South America were the first inhabitants of Aruba. They were fishermen and hunters and depended on the sea for survival. When Alonso de Ojeda discovered Aruba in 1499, he claimed that it belonged to Spain, naming it “La Isla de Los Gigantes” or “Island of the Giants”. and set up a naval base during the 80-year war with Spain Overnight stay in Aruba (Breakfast)

Day 3: Aruba – Sightseeing by bus:
After this half-day excursion you will know a lot about Aruba’s history and culture. The professional guides give you both the “big stories” and general folklore so that you get to know everything about the island. Stops are made at rock formations, Fjärilsgården and the small natural bridge. Transport from and to the hotel is included. Half day fm. Overnight in Aruba. (Breakfast)

Day 4: Aruba – Palm Pleasure Snorkel Adventure
Start your day in paradise at Palm Pleasure. You have not seen Aruba until you have seen the coast at Palm Pleasure. On this four-hour excursion we will also take you to the island’s best snorkeling spots: Catalina Bay, Arashi Reef and the famous wreck Antilla which was sunk during World War II, and which is a snorkeler’s delight. During this memorable day of sailing and snorkeling, you will also enjoy a delicious lunch buffet with an open bar. Snorkeling equipment is available on board. Half day fm. Overnight in Aruba. (Breakfast and lunch)

Day 5: Curacao
Flight to the neighboring island of Curacao. Transfer to Lions Dive & Beach Resort.
The island of Curaçao was discovered in 1499 by Alonso de Ojeda, one of Christopher Columbus’ lieutenants. There are various explanations for the origin of the word Curaçao. It is most likely that the Spaniards called the island “Corazon” (heart) at some point. A famous Portuguese cartographer at the time adopted this word in his own language as “Curaçau” or “Curaçao.” The island remained Spanish until the Netherlands conquered it in 1634. Holland became a leader in the international slave trade. Africans were sent from their homelands and transported to Brazil and Curaçao where they were sold to wealthy plantation owners from America. At that time, Curaçao was one of the largest slave depots in the Caribbean. Today we can view and learn about the slave time in the Kura Hulanda Museum, a strange exhibition about the slave trade. Overnight in Curacao.

All day free to explore the island. Overnight in Curacao. (Breakfast)

Day 7: Curacao – The Great Desert
If you are interested in seeing the whole island of Curacao in one day, this is the right trip. The west and east sides are complete opposites. The eastern side of Curacao is well populated, and most of the attractions, residential areas and hotels are located here. The main town Willemstad in the east is divided into Punda and Otrobanda. The highlights on the east side are the Queen Juliana Bridge, Willemstad, the Blue Curacao Liqueur Factory and Scharloo, the Jewish Quarter. The western side of Curacao consists of hilly landscapes and valleys, a variety of unique bathing bays, former plantation homes and small fishing villages. Christoffel Park National Park is also located on the west side, with the famous Boka Tablagrottan. The highlights on the west side are West Point, Boca Tabla Cave, Knip Bay, the Flamingo area and Salt Flats in Jan Kok. Overnight in Curacao. (Breakfast)

Day 8: Curacao – Hato Cave and Ostrich Farm
Want to get to know the biggest birds on earth? Join us on this educational and interactive tour that provides a unique opportunity to see the evolution from egg to adult bird and experience these strange birds. You can even feed them with just your hands. Once in the yard, you board a safari jeep where an expert guide tells you all about the ostrich. You will learn the difference between the black and the gray ostriches, how fast they can run and how far they can see. The Hato Cave emerged from the sea and is now a natural history monument. During this part of the tour, your cave guide will explain how these deep caves were formed thousands of years ago. In these fantastic caves you really experience the wonders of nature. Overnight in Curaco. (Breakfast)

Day 9: Full day trip to Little Curacao with sailing and snorkeling
Jump on board for adventure! Our 54-foot catamaran (fastest in the region) is the most comfortable, luxurious and fun way to discover the island of paradise, Little Curacao. Here you and your fellow travelers can explore the island’s natural beauty, as well as its outstanding beach. Snorkel, dive or just relax in paradise with crystal clear water and beautiful beaches. Light breakfast, delicious BBQ lunch with salad, steaks, chicken from the grill, bread and the captain’s famous peanut sauce, tropical fruits, bar with fruit punch, water, beer, wine, rum, vodka and rum punch. Snorkeling: Use of snorkeling equipment and instructions. Overnight in Curaco. (Breakfast)

Day 10: Flight to St. Maarten.
A fact so charming, that it must always be mentioned: The island of Sint Maarten-Saint Martin is the smallest landmass in the world divided by two different nations. The island is only 87 square kilometers and is ruled by France and the Netherlands (where Dutch Sint Maarten is an independent country in the kingdom).

Dutch side
You will find Sint Maarten somewhat Americanized. But it is a combination of the Dutch and French side that makes the island a fantastically exciting holiday island. Independent since 10 October 2010 (10/10/10), but still part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The Dutch side occupies about a third of the island.

French side
The French side is neither an independent state nor a colony, it’s just … France. It is the territory of the European Union and follows the rules and laws of France more or less strictly, somewhat depending on the administrators who have currently been sent from Paris.
The fact that Marigot, the capital, is not a cruise port preserves the small town feel.
The French side is home to many of the places one must see on the island. Here is Pic Paradis, the highest mountain with Loterie Farm, a private nature reserve with the last rainforest. Orient Beach is without a doubt the best beach and the gourmet village of Grand Case is unique in the world with its abundance of first class restaurants. Overnight in St.Maarten. (Breakfast)

Day 11: The best of St. Maarten & St. Martin!
The tour begins with us going through the Great Salt Pond towards Coralita Bay, a nature reserve overlooking the French island of St Barth. We will drive through the French Quarter, the first village inhabited by the French in 1629, and stop at Paradise View for a panoramic view of the popular Orient Beach. The next stop will be at the fantastic and popular beach Orient Beach where you can walk on the white beach, swim or sunbathe. Orient Beach has over 30 bars, restaurants and all the facilities to make you feel at home. Afterwards we head to Marigot, the charming capital of St Martin, and take in the French atmosphere. Visit Fort Louis, an excellent renovated fort built in the late 19th century. Climbing the stairs is well worth the effort for the views of Anguilla and the entire French capital. Then it becomes more of an adventure when we stop at Maho Beach, where you can watch the planes coming a few meters above the beach before landing at the adjacent airport. The tour then continues with a journey through Simpson Bay towards Philipsburg, with a photo stop at Cole Bay Hill
Free refreshments: water, soft drinks, beer, Guava juice, rum punch.
Overnight in St.Maarten. (Breakfast)

Day 12: Free day or day trip to St Bart.
Saint-Barthélemy, commonly known as Saint Bart, is a French island in the Caribbean. The island was a Swedish colony in the years 1784–1878, after which it was sold back to France. The Swedish heritage can still be seen through the names of towns and streets and in the island’s coat of arms that bears the three crowns. There is a daily ferry connection between Gustavia on St Bart to both Philipsburg, and Marigot on St Martin / St Maarten. Not included in the price. Overnight in St.Maarten. (Breakfast)

Day 13: Free day or day trip to Anguilla
Anguilla is located north of St. Martin / St. Maarten and is a flat, low-lying island consisting of coral and limestone. The island is about 26 km long and 5 km wide. Anguilla is well known for its spectacular and ecologically important coral reefs. There is a ferry from Marigot in French St. Martin over to Blowing Point, Anguilla and takes about 25 minutes. Not included in the price. Overnight in St. Maarten. (Breakfast)

Day 14: Return journey
Transfer to the airport for return journey. Night flight home.

Day 15: Arrival in Sweden
We arrive at the place of departure in the morning.

Caribbean pearls

Sightseeing in Aruba

Sightseeing in Aruba

The island of Aruba is part of the Lesser Antilles in the southern Caribbean. The dreamy island should not be underestimated despite its relatively small area, because there are some of the most beautiful beaches in the world. Diving, swimming and exploring nature, you can even meet flamingos on the beach.

The island with the capital Oranjestad belongs to the Dutch crown, so the official language is also Dutch. It is only about 25 kilometers from mainland Venezuela. Aruba is the smallest and most westerly island of the so-called ABC Islands (Aruba, Bonaire, Curaçao).

Below we present you the most exciting tours, most beautiful attractions and best sights in Aruba. See map of Aruba on DigoPaul.

Vista

1. Aruba’s capital, Oranjestad

The capital of Aruba is certainly one of the first sights that most travelers will see. After all, Queen Beatrix International Airport is the point of contact for all aircraft from the Caribbean, Europe and the United States. Cruise ships also dock in Oranjestad, which is best known for its picturesque old town.

The colorful houses make the Dutch colonial influence clear, all buildings are richly decorated and popular photo opportunities. The city also has many other attractions to offer, for example the Archaeological Museum, which depicts the island’s 5000 year history. Fort Zoutman, the oldest building on the island, as well as a stroll through the center with many bars, restaurants and shops are always worth a visit.

2. Arikok National Park

Arikok National Park accounts for approximately 20% of the total area of ​​Aruba. It was only confirmed by the Dutch government in 2000. The nature reserve is located in the northeastern part of the island and is home to a large number of animal and plant species. In addition, rare jewels are hidden between the dunes and rocks. The national park impresses with a landscape of cooled lava, quartz diorite, limestone, shifting dunes and dry river beds.

The hiking trails and drives lead you to the caves with their Indian rock carvings from bygone days or to bays such as Moro, Boca Prins and Dos Playa. The “Movie in the Park” event, an outdoor film screening, is held here every month. Despite the steady breeze in Aruba, it can get very hot at lunchtime in the national park. But there is also an experience of nature that is rarely found in the Caribbean.

3. California lighthouse

The California Lighthouse is located on the northwestern tip of the island, in the Hudishibana region. The lighthouse was named after the SS California, a ship that was healthy off the coast in 1891. The California lighthouse was completed around 1916 and is now one of the most popular sights on the small but fine island of Aruba.

The tower is about 30 meters high, the lamp house has a diameter of 7.5 meters. The listed building is one of the landmarks of the country and is a very popular destination. Many car safaris across the island end at the lighthouse. From up here you have an excellent view of Aruba and the surrounding ocean. There is also a restaurant at the foot of the landmark.

4. Antilla shipwreck

On March 10, 1940, the German merchant ship “Antilla” was sunk by its own crew on the orders of the Wehrmacht. Today the ship lies around 700 meters off the coast of Aruba at a depth of 18 meters on the port side. When the tide is out, parts of the ship even protrude from the blue water. The former pride of the Hamburg-American Packetfahrt-Actien-Gesellschaft was one of the most modern cargo ships of its time, partly due to its innovative hybrid drive.

It was called the ghost ship by the islanders. The ship was sunk by its captain because it was anchored in Aruba when Germany was invading Holland. Today the wreck, which was split in two, can be admired from the boat. Or you can dive down and explore the coral-overgrown remains. Schools of fish, turtles and moray eels have found a new home in the wreck. A fascinating experience for divers!

5. Casibari and Ayo rock formations

The heavy rocks of Casibari and Ayo protrude from the otherwise flat landscape of Aruba from afar. They are large boulders made of quartz and diorite. They don’t just stand around in the area, but sometimes pile up to form huge piles of rock. According to geologists, these heaps are said to have been created by volcanic eruptions over a million years.

In Casibari, the rocks are the main attraction of the landscape park. The rocks can be climbed via railings and artificial paths. In the vicinity of the village of Ayo, on the other hand, are the rocks that nature has created here. The rock formations were sacred to the Arawak Indians. Many millennia-old drawings can be found on the stones here as well.

Hotel Riu Palace

6. Natural Baby Bridge

The Natural Baby Bridge can be considered the descendant of the Natural Bridge. The Natural Bridge was once one of Aruba’s most popular attractions. As the name suggests, the bridge was created naturally. The surf swept coral limestone and over time a transition up to 100 meters long formed from it.

With these dimensions, it was not only possible to hike over the bridge, but also to drive over it by car. In 2005 it finally collapsed. But immediately afterwards, the smaller Natural Baby Bridge was created. The remains of the Natural Bridge still give an idea of ​​the size of the natural bridge. Even without the two bridges, Andicuri Beach is worth a trip as a natural spectacle.

7. Bushiribana gold mine

The ruins of the Bushiribana gold mine date from a time when treasure hunters sought their fortune in the New World. The name of the island is said to have been Oro Ruba, which means “red gold”. Attracted by this legend, treasure hunters headed to Aruba. In fact, they first discovered gold in 1824. A gold rush set in, but it didn’t last long.

The remnants of this brief gold rush can still be seen on the north coast of the island. Here are the stone ruins of the gold mine. It was built in 1874 by an English mining company. It is located near the Natural Baby Bridge. A detour is worthwhile for those interested in history.

8. Eagle Beach Aruba

Relaxed days on a dream beach should not be missing on a typical Caribbean vacation. Eagle Beach is one of the most beautiful beaches in Aruba and is one of the most picturesque bathing paradises in the entire world. There is everything you could wish for here: soft, white sand and fantastic blue water. It is also the largest beach on the island.

Eagle Beach in Aruba is located about northwest of the capital Oranjestad and can be easily reached by bus or car. Due to the expanse of the beach, you can really relax here. In addition, the famous Divi-Divi trees, the symbol of the island, grow on Eagle Beach.

9. Flamingo Beach

An alternative to Eagle Beach is Flamingo Beach, which can be found on many postcard motifs from Aruba. The namesake are of course the pink flamingos on the beach, which repeatedly cause storms of enthusiasm on the Internet and have a large share in the island’s popularity.

In fact, with a bit of luck, you can swim right next to the birds. This beach is ideal for taking wonderful photos in a dream setting. The flamingos are located on the private Renaissance Island, off the coast of Aruba. The best way to get to the beach is to book a room at the Renaissance Hotel or book a day trip.

10. Aruba Natural Pool

The Natural Pool is a round rock formation very close to the sea. Again and again the waves hit the rocks and wash new water into the pool. The Natural Pool is located within the Arikok National Park.

The journey to see him alone is an experience. The Natural Pool, even if it doesn’t sound that exciting at first, is one of the most popular attractions in Aruba. Many visitors prefer swimming between the rocks even to the beaches.

Flamingo Beach

Latin America Travel Guide

Latin America Travel Guide

Colombia

Colombia

Mountains, sea and rainforest, beautiful landscapes and well-preserved colonial cities – that and much more is Colombia. The country spreads between the Pacific coast, the Andes cordillera, the Caribbean coast and the rainforest and invites you to nature and history encounters.

Climate:

In Colombia, the altitude affects the temperatures of the tropical climate. The lowland is in the temperate zone, at an altitude of over 3000 meters, the high alpine glacial climate predominates. There are two rainy seasons between April and June and the months of October and November. In between are the two dry periods.

Best travel time:

Both the capital Bogota and the Caribbean coast can be visited all year round. The drier months between December and March and July and August are recommended for trips to Colombia. Due to the Colombian holidays, however, it can get crowded from mid-December to mid-January and around Easter.

Brazil

Brazil

According to Countryaah, Brazil is the largest country on the Latin America. It occupies 47% of the entire continent and borders on every South American country except for Chile and Ecuador. Roughly the size of Europe and with a north-south extension of around 4,300 km, it is home to over 200 million inhabitants. The majority of the population lives in the metropolises on the Atlantic coast. Thanks to its enormous size, Brazil has an incredible diversity of culture and nature. Whether dream beaches that invite you to linger, historic cities with enchanting alleys or animal experiences in the Pantanal or the Amazon – for every globetrotter there is the right piece of earth to make their Brazil trip perfect.

Climate:

Brazil can be divided into four climatic regions, in which mostly tropical to subtropical climates prevail with an average temperature of 25 degrees Celsius all year round. In the north of the country is the Amazon basin, where an equatorial climate and high humidity are typical. The Brazilian plateau extends south and east of the Amazon basin with stable average temperatures and clearly noticeable rainy and dry seasons. The coastal areas are characterized by a hot, tropical climate with pleasant temperatures due to the sea air and a pronounced rainy season.

Best travel time:

Depending on the region, Brazil can be visited all year round. The northern coastal areas are recommended to be visited between July and December. Rio de Janeiro and the south coast, on the other hand, are particularly attractive between November and April. There is less tourist traffic in southern Brazil during the winter there from May to September, the temperatures are rather cool and there are fewer hours of sunshine. For the Amazon rainforest region, the period from May / June to October is recommended, but the rainy season from December to May does not allow hiking in many places due to the enormous rainfall. During this period the excursions are almost exclusively carried out by canoe. Bathing in the Atlantic is possible all year round thanks to the pleasant water temperatures.

Argentina

Argentina

Argentina is the eighth largest country in the world. Located in the south of South America, it is the second largest state on the continent. Because of its great north-south extension, the country has a number of climate and vegetation zones. The name comes from the Latin word for silver – argentum – and provides an indication of the treasures that the conquerors believed to be found on its territory. Until its independence in 1816, it was part of the Spanish colonial empire.

Climate:

Due to the enormous north-south expansion, Argentina has a very diverse climate. The country is often divided into four climatic regions. The pampas in east central Argentina tend to be tropical with mild winters and warm summers. The northeast inland is almost tropical and even warmer than in the pampas. The west, on the other hand, is a rather dry region with little rainfall even in the higher elevations of the Andes. The south with Patagonia is rather cool all year round, but can be classified as very dry.

Best travel time:

The months May to September are particularly suitable for a trip to the subtropical north, as it does not get quite as hot at this time. The temperatures in Patagonia are most comfortable and not too cold from November to March. The central parts of Argentina can be traveled all year round without any problems, with December to February being quite warm and with more frequent rainfall.

Peru

Peru

Peru couldn’t be more fascinating: Due to its moving history and geographical conditions, it is a country with an extremely varied landscape and culture. A multitude of sights and a great diversity of nature draw thousands of visitors under its spell every year. Peru is strongly influenced by the ancient Inca culture and the colonial rule of the Spaniards, which mainly affected the religion and way of life of the population. For bird lovers, the country with the world’s greatest diversity of birds offers over 1800 species. Hikers and nature lovers get their money’s worth on one of the numerous trekking routes around Cusco, in the Cordillera Blanca or the Cordillera Huayhuash!

Climate:

The climate in Peru is quite different due to the large extent of the country between north and south. The Peruvian Pacific coast is very dry, especially in the south, and rainfall increases in the north. On the north coast, average temperatures range between 20 degrees Celsius at night and around 30 degrees during the day, and more moderate in the south. The Andes have significantly cooler temperatures in the higher altitudes, from an altitude of 5000 meters they are always below zero. East of the Andes there is an average of stable 25 degrees in the local rainforest.

Best travel time:

Between December and April is the optimal travel period for the southern Peruvian coast, when it is less cloudy or foggy. From May to September, however, mountain and trekking trips into the Andes and tours through the lowlands of Peru are very possible. The rainforest can be visited all year round, but the name says it all, it can always rain once.

South America Travel Guide

South America Travel Guide

Suriname

Suriname

According to Countryaah, Suriname is the smallest country in South America and borders Guyana to the west, Brazil to the south and French Guiana to the east. In the north the Atlantic forms a natural border. Suriname consists of three regions and ten districts. The coastal regions are also the most populous and densely populated. The Wilhelminagebirge in the southwest of the country awaits with interesting flora and fauna. Here is also the highest point in the country: the Julianatop at 1280 meters.

Climate:

In Suriname there is a hot tropical climate all year round with maximum temperatures around 28 to 32 degrees Celsius on the coast. The temperatures are lower in the higher inland areas. The so-called small rainy season between the beginning of December and the beginning of February is followed by the small dry season, which lasts until the end of April. They are replaced by the great rainy season from mid-April to mid-August, before the year ends with the great dry season (late August to early December). Then again maximum values ​​of 38 degrees are possible. Less precipitation falls near the coast than inland. Short, heavy rain showers are also possible during the dry season. All year round Suriname has extremely high humidity of 80% during the day and up to 95% at night.

Best travel time:

For a trip to Suriname, the two dry seasons in the country should be matched. Accordingly, the beginning of February to the end of April and between mid-August and the beginning of December are the best travel times. September and October are the driest months in Suriname. Whether you want to explore the interior of the country, plan an excursion into the rainforest or watch birds, you should definitely avoid the rainy season because of the risk of flooding.

Bolivia

Bolivia

According to Bridgat, Bolivia is a landlocked country in South America, named after the South American independence fighter and national hero Simon Bolivar. The constitutional capital of Bolivia is Sucre, the seat of government and thus the secret capital is La Paz, which valiantly defends the false title of the highest capital in the world. With an altitude of 3200 to 4100 m, the city is the highest seat of government on earth. The climate in Bolivia is very diverse due to the enormous differences in altitude. A little over 55% of the population of Bolivia belong to the indigenous peoples.

Climate:

Bolivia has a tropical climate, with temperatures depending heavily on the altitude. While snow falls all year round in the High Andes, the average annual temperature in the northern lowlands is 30 degrees Celsius. At altitudes between 3,000 and 4,000 meters, at least 20 degrees Celsius can be expected during the day.

Best travel time:

Pleasant temperatures and little rain are characteristic for the period between May and October. During this time, mountain climbing in the Andes is also possible. The rainy season should be avoided.

Ecuador

Ecuador

Ecuador, the smallest of the Andean countries, is an ideal entry-level country for the South American continent. In the smallest of spaces and with short distances, you will find almost the complete variety that the South American continent has to offer. A multitude of sights as well as a diverse flora and fauna inspire more and more tourists. Famous explorers like Alexander von Humboldt or Charles Darwin have also returned to Europe with fascination. The country is named after the equator line that runs through the national territory a few kilometers north of Quito. The Galapagos Archipelago belonging to Ecuador is located about 1000 km west of the coast in the middle of the Pacific. This natural paradise is an absolute must for all nature and animal lovers.

Climate:

In the course of the year there are no major temperature fluctuations, one speaks of the time of day climate. Accordingly, there are sometimes strong temperature fluctuations during the day. In principle, Ecuador can be visited all year round. In the east there is a tropical, humid climate. The north is characterized by a monsoon climate, in the mountains the temperatures can be lower according to the alpine tundra climate. On average, the temperatures are stable all year round at around 25 degrees Celsius. There is a rainy season from December to May.

Best travel time:

Thanks to its location on the equator, the South American country is an attractive travel destination all year round. The dry seasons of the country can be a guide for travel planning. The period from September to December is recommended for exploring the eastern rainforest. In the tropical lowlands it rains all year round.

Due to the high amount of precipitation, travel to the Amazon region between June and August is not recommended, but tours into the mountains are not in the way during these months. The coast of Ecuador is worth a visit from May to December, but especially in July / August, when whales can be seen there.

The Galapagos Islands enchant all year round with their unique biodiversity. Due to the warm water temperatures, the first half of the year from January to June is ideal.

Chile

Chile

Chile is a state in southwest South America. Due to the long north-south expansion over more than 39 degrees of latitude, but also the considerable height differences in west-east direction, Chile has a large variety of climatic and vegetation zones. The most densely populated area is around the capital Santiago de Chile, where about a third of the Chilean population lives. The population density decreases more and more towards the north and south. The origin of the country name is not clearly proven. The most common explanation is that the word derives from the language of the Aymara. There the word chilli means “land where the world ends”. The capital of Chile is Santiago with a population of 5.614 million.

Climate:

Due to its enormous north-south extent, Chile combines several climate zones: The Easter Islands have a subtropical climate, while central Chile is Mediterranean and the south is moderately oceanic. The Atacama Desert lies between the Andes and the coastal mountains: the driest region on earth.

Best travel time:

Thanks to the different climatic regions, Chile is a year-round travel destination. While the north and central Chile have pleasant temperatures and little rainfall between October and April, the south of the country should preferably be traveled from December to February before it gets cold and rainy. If you want to go on a skiing holiday in the Andes, you should travel between June and September. Chile is rather unsuitable for a beach holiday due to the low water temperatures.

 

North America Travel Guide

North America Travel Guide

Canada

Canada

With an area of ​​almost 10 million square kilometers, Canada extends over six time zones and at the same time six climate zones. The regions of Canada are as diverse as its climatic zones. Whether you are looking for the cold climes and wilderness of the Canadian north, the mild climate of the west coast of British Columbia and the dramatic scenery of the Rocky Mountains in Alberta, the vastness of the Canadian prairies Saskatchewan and Manitoba, the multicultural life in a big city like Toronto in Ontario, the French culture and language in Quebec, or the idyll of the Canadian Atlantic provinces preferred, Canada offers a suitable travel destination for almost every taste.

Climate:

Due to its great extent, Canada harbors a corresponding range of climatic zones: Both the polar and the maritime, continental and cool temperate zones extend over the country. For example, on the western Pacific coast and the Atlantic coast in the east, the winters are milder and the summers warm. In other parts of Canada such as inland, however, there are long winters with low temperatures and a lot of snow, although higher summer temperatures are quite possible in the interior of the country.

Best travel time:

The summer months between June and September are popular with travelers to Canada, and July and August for the north of the country, before the first snow can fall in September. The ski season runs from November to April. May is recommended for the southernmost regions, before the temperatures in the interior of the country can rise considerably in midsummer. On the Atlantic coast, however, it is also rather cool in summer. You can also travel to the southern Pacific coast (Vancouver) in winter. If you want to experience the Indian Summer in Canada, you have to plan your trip in autumn, the color of the leaves is most intense in the eastern provinces of Ontario and Quebec.

United States

United States

According to Bridgat, United States of America is a country located in North America. It  covers around 40 percent of the territory of North America and is the third largest country in the world in terms of area after Russia and Canada. It is divided into 50 states and with the Hawaiian Islands and smaller outlying areas also has a share of Oceania. The capital is Washington DC, but New York City is the largest city in the United States.

The United States emerged from the thirteen colonies that declared themselves independent from motherland Great Britain in 1776. Due to constant immigration from Europe and later Asia, displacement of the indigenous people, territorial expansion to the west, annexation of large parts of Mexico and industrialization, the USA gained global political influence from the end of the 19th century. This was particularly evident in the two world wars. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the USA has been the only remaining superpower since the beginning of the 21st century.

Climate:

The USA extends over a large land mass and can therefore be assigned to several climate zones. The north is considered continental, the southeast is humid-subtropical up to tropical Florida. The south-west is determined by the desert climate, while the Rocky Mountains have an alpine climate and the northern Pacific coast has a humid oceanic climate.

Best travel time:

An optimal travel time can only be recommended depending on the specific destination and the desired leisure activities. Winter can be used, for example, for a beach holiday in Florida as well as for winter sports in the Rocky Mountains. Hikes and city trips as well as beach holidays are ideal in the spring months, before it gets too hot in summer. If you want to experience the Indian Summer, you have to travel to the USA in the fall. The foliage color is most intense in the northeastern New England states.

Alaska

Alaska is the largest state in the USA with 20% of the area, which is roughly five times the size of Germany. At the same time it has one of the lowest population densities in America with 680,000 inhabitants. In addition, Alaska is the region of superlatives: here are the highest mountains in North America, with the Yukon River one of the longest rivers in the world, in Cook Inlet the highest tide differences, the world’s highest population of grizzly bears and bald eagles and in Anchorage the largest seaplane airport of the world. The capital of Alaska is Juneau (32,000 inhabitants), which can only be reached by ship or plane. The largest city is Anchorage with 290,000 inhabitants, followed by Fairbanks with 52,000 inhabitants. This means that half of Alaska’s total population already live in both major cities. 15% of the population are “natives”, ie indigenous people of various Aleut, Indian and Eskimo tribes. Alaska was bought by the Russian Empire in 1867 for $ 7.2 million, a rather symbolic amount for the size of the country – but it wasn’t until 1957 that Alaska officially became the 49th state in the United States. English is the main spoken language, and in individual villages the indigenous people use their own ancient languages ​​in addition to English.

climate

Inner Alaska has a continental climate. The north of Alaska, however, has a subpolar climate, which is associated with long, dark and very cold winters. In the short summer months in Alaska, contrary to some expectations, it can get quite warm. A large part of the snow then even melts on the peaks of the mountains north of the Rocky Mountains (up to 3000 m). Unfortunately, Alaska is one of the regions of the world where climate change is most noticeable. The average temperature here has risen by about 2 C since 1970.

Best travel time

The best travel time for Alaska is roughly from May to October. In terms of temperatures, June and July are very pleasant months to travel, although unfortunately a large number of mosquitoes must be expected. Alaska’s north coast is interesting from August, when the so-called Indian summer sets in.

Mexico

Mexico

According to Countryaah, Mexico is a federal republic between North and Central America. The country is named after the capital of the Aztecs, “Mexico-Tenochtitlan”, now Mexico City. The state capital is the political, economic, social and cultural center, as well as the largest transport hub in the country. With a total area of ​​almost two million square kilometers, Mexico is the fifth largest country on the American double continent. With a population of around 122 million people, Mexico ranks tenth in the world.

Climate:

Depending on the coast and altitude, different climatic zones dominate Mexico. In the subtropical northwest, summer temperatures of up to 35 degrees Celsius are reached, while the alpine mountains have lower temperatures. The south-east of the country is more humid than the desert-like zone.

Best travel time:

Less precipitation is expected in Mexico between October and May, but snow can occur at higher altitudes. Vacationers should also think of warm clothing for city trips. Between July and August, diving holidaymakers can watch whale sharks off Isla Holbox. Northwest Mexico is also worth a visit during this time thanks to the mild temperatures.

Caribbean Travel Guide

Caribbean Travel Guide

St. Lucia

St. Lucia

According to Countryaah, St. Lucia is a country in Caribbean. The beautiful Helena of the West, as the island is often called, beguiles with its dream beaches, magnificent coral reefs, lush rainforests, hot springs and imposing waterfalls. The Piton Twin Mountains rise steeply from the sea and form the symbol of the island. The varied landscape leaves nothing to be desired and the possible activities are broad. On idyllic hikes you will experience the biodiversity of the tropical rainforests with rare parrots, wild orchids and numerous other natural treasures.

Climate:

On St. Lucia there is a humid tropical climate with an annual average temperature between 24 and 30 degrees. The rainy season is from June to December, during which tropical storms (hurricans) can occur. The dry season is from January to May.

Best travel time:

The months from December to April are the best time to travel to St. Lucia.

Dominica

Dominica

The Nature Island – that’s what Dominica is also called. It is the most pristine island in the Antilles and lives up to its nickname. A carpet of dense rainforest covers three quarters of the country and is interspersed with hot springs, lakes and countless watercourses. The land of 365 rivers does not serve the classic Caribbean clichés with palm-fringed dream beaches. For nature and active vacationers, however, the green lung offers an attractive alternative. Dominika’s seemingly impenetrable forests hide beautiful hiking trails of varying degrees of difficulty. There is even a hiking trail, the so-called Waitukubuli National Trail, which crosses the entire island in 14 stages. The untouched natural jewel is based on ecotourism and already offers you several eco-certified accommodations. Sun worshipers and water mermaids are not neglected on Dominica. In particular, the calm seas along the west coast are ideal for diving, snorkeling and swimming. Dominica’s natural treasures will make a lasting impression!

Climate:

On Domenica there is a humid tropical climate with an annual average temperature between 24 and 30 degrees. There is no dry season in that sense. An accumulation of precipitation is recorded in the months from June to December, in which tropical storms (hurricanes) can also occur.

Best travel time:

The best time to travel to Dominica is from December to April.

Cuba

Cuba

According to Bridgat, Cuba is an island state in the Caribbean full of variety and contrasts, which has a lot to offer culturally and scenically. In the northwest, the island has a coastal strip to the Gulf of Mexico, but the entire north coast lies on the Atlantic Ocean. A fascinating flora and fauna, the beautiful sandy beaches and the diverse landscape in the interior make the heart of every nature lover beat faster. Cuba is an insider tip for diving enthusiasts and is the perfect diving spot in the Caribbean with its colorful and varied underwater world and the many shipwrecks. Cuba also has a lot to offer culturally and the history of the revolution is omnipresent. The still communist-ruled country is known to car enthusiasts for its very well-preserved American classic cars, the tourists even chauffeured around the country these days. With the unique hospitality and warmth of the Cubans, this country enchants almost every visitor.

Climate:

Cuba is characterized by a tropical savanna climate with two seasons. The rainy season covers the months between June and October. The average temperatures throughout the year reach highs between 25 and over 30 degrees Celsius, there are hardly any major fluctuations. In the Guantánamo Bay in the southeast there is a hot steppe climate with an average of 26.5 degrees, in the mountains the temperatures are correspondingly lower with an average of 19 to 20 degrees.

Best travel time:

Although Cuba is a year-round destination for surfers, divers and beach holidaymakers, the dry months between November and April are particularly recommended. If you want to avoid the main tourist season and travel to Cuba in the humid season, you should pay attention to the holidays from July to August and the hurricane season, which can drag on into November.

Dominican Republic

Dominican Republic

The Dominican Republic is one of the most geographically diverse countries in the Caribbean. It presents its visitors with alpine mountain ranges, the tropical rainforest, mangrove swamps, dream beaches and even desert areas and thus offers numerous and very diverse landscapes for nature and hiking enthusiasts. Between mid-January and the end of March, humpback whales can even be seen in Samaná Bay.

Climate:

The Dominican Republic has a tropical climate with an average temperature of around 25 degrees Celsius all year round. The values ​​are subject to fluctuations in the coastal regions and in the mountains. The north of the country has more rainfall than the hotter south. There is a rainy season between November and January (in the north) and from May to November in the south. Water temperatures between 25 and 27 degrees Celsius on the Caribbean and Atlantic coasts allow extensive beach holidays all year round.

Best travel time:

Basically, the Dominican Republic can be visited by water sports enthusiasts and trekking tourists all year round. It is a little drier in the months between December and May. In addition, travelers avoid the hurricane season, which is from June to November. Those who want to watch humpback whales in the Bay of Samaná have the opportunity to do so from mid-January to the end of March.

Trinidad and Tobago

Trinidad and Tobago

Fantastically beautiful landscapes with bathing paradises and lush green rainforests, species-rich flora and fauna, lively cities and a diverse culture – you will find this and much more in Trinidad and Tobago. The two-island state became famous for its colorful carnival week, to which thousands of people from all over the world travel every year. During the rest of the year you can enjoy your privacy here on the often deserted beaches. The smaller and more original island of Tobago is increasingly building on ecotourism and is still an insider tip for all nature lovers.

Climate:

The climate is tropical with an average annual temperature of 28 degrees.

Best travel time:

The dry season from January to May is the best time to travel.

 

Central America Travel Guide

Central America Travel Guide

Panama

Panama

According to Countryaah, there are 7 countries in Central America. Panama is one of them. Without a doubt, the Panama Canal plays a major role in this country, it shapes the history and also the culture of the country and the people. However, Panama is much more than just the canal: “The land of abundance of fish, trees and butterflies” – This is probably the most widespread meaning of the name “Panama”, which is mainly reflected in the rich diversity of flora and fauna Country shows.

In contrast, there is the cosmopolitan capital of Panama City. Here, skyscrapers and colonial buildings, salsa rhythms, as well as an incredible internationality of the inhabitants and indigenous peoples with a centuries-old tradition and culture meet.

Climate:

With daytime temperatures around 29 to 32 degrees Celsius all year round, Panama is characterized by a tropical climate. The Central American country offers slightly cooler temperatures on the Pacific west coast than on the north coast of the Caribbean, and the values ​​also drop at higher altitudes. The Caribbean side is with a rainy season between April and December – particularly productive in the months of September and October – significantly more humid than the part of the country facing the Pacific. The months of July and August are a little drier on the coast in southern Panama.

Best travel time:

Panama’s Pacific coast is an ideal travel destination during the dry months between December and March. Beach holidays on the northern Caribbean coast can also take place during this time, and divers also have good visibility when the sea is calm. The rainy season in the country can be used well for rafting.

Nicaragua

Nicaragua

Located in Central America, Nicaragua is criss-crossed by a chain of active volcanoes, which is why it is called the “land of a thousand volcanoes” for a reason. Nicaragua is small, it fits almost three times the size of Germany. In spite of this, this small country has a power pack of diverse landscapes, colorful culture and Latin American flair ready for you. The biggest city of Nicaragua is Managua with a population of 1,262,978.

Climate:

Nicaragua is characterized by a tropical climate with constantly warm temperatures. The highest temperature values ​​in the lowland regions are 38 degrees Celsius, the central highlands have an average of no more than 27 degrees. It rains significantly more on the eastern Caribbean coast than on the Pacific coast in the west and in the highlands there.

Best travel time:

Little to hardly any rain makes the dry season between November and April attractive for Nicaragua trips to the Pacific coast. From the end of April, however, temperatures can rise uncomfortably again. The Caribbean rainforest in the lowlands is the ideal destination between February and April, where the dry period is a little shorter. Hurricanes are possible between June and November, so travel during this time is not recommended.

Guatemala

Guatemala

According to Bridgat, Guatemala is a country located in Central America. Guatemala offers a dramatic landscape profile, a rich indigenous culture, numerous witnesses of Mayan culture and an eventful history: Guatemala is one of the most impressive countries in Central America. Huge mountains, furrowed by river valleys and criss-crossed by plateaus, drop steeply to the Pacific coast and like a ramp to Lago Izabal and the banana country of the Caribbean coast. 33 volcanoes, including the extinct Tajumulco, at 4,220 meters the highest volcano in Central America, tower over the Sierras. To the north-east rise the mountains of Verapaz, characterized by coffee plantations, dense coniferous forests and raging rivers, to merge into a karst landscape of the Kegelberge and finally the dense jungle of the Peten. All over the country there are ruins of the ancient Mayan culture that once predominated here. The most famous are Tikal, Uaxactun, Dos Pilas or Aguateca in the Peten jungle. The descendants of the ancient Maya still dominate the country. They are unmistakable in the street scene with their colorful costumes.

Climate:

Guatemala has a tropical climate with constant warm temperatures throughout the year. Depending on the altitude, the temperatures can vary: With up to 40 degrees Celsius on the Pacific coast and in lower parts of Guatemala, it is significantly warmer than in the temperate regions between 1,000 and 1,800 meters. In the mountains it sometimes gets cold below zero at night. A dry season between November and May alternates with a rainy season, which brings repeated, heavy rain showers. On the coast to the Atlantic, it is rather humid all year round.

Best travel time:

Trekking tourists and wildlife watchers should stick to the dry season between October and May, when the temperatures are still bearable even at high altitudes. The rainy season is more suitable for water sports enthusiasts and surfers.

Costa Rica

Costa Rica

Costa Rica – the rich coast with impressive natural beauty. This safe and fascinating country is characterized by mysterious cloud forests, tropical rainforests in the highlands and jungles with extensive mangrove landscapes, volcanoes, lakes and coasts on the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific. Costa Rica has the highest density of national parks with 27% of the land area, which invite young and old to unique discoveries.

Sustainable expeditions into the tropical jungle and the numerous impressive national parks support environmentally friendly tourism on site: Species protection is very important here! How much the optimistic residents of Costa Rica live in harmony with themselves and nature can be seen in the local philosophy of life: “Pura Vida”.

You can get an insight into this e.g. For example, you can win sightseeing in the capital San José, where the Costa Rican National Museum is located. The annual carnival is also a spirited spectacle and attracts many tourists. A tour with the rainforest cable car or to one of the impressive waterfalls rounds off the perfect holiday experience in Costa Rica. The “Switzerland of Central America” ​​is also a very safe and politically stable country and does not have a standing military.

Climate:

Costa Rica is characterized by a tropical climate with an average annual temperature of 25 degrees Celsius. The rainy season, which is characterized by short heavy rains and wind, takes place in May and from late July to November. The dry season runs between December and April and from June to mid-July.

Best travel time:

Costa Rica can be visited all year round. Put your focus on hiking or trekking, visiting the Osa Peninsula with the very original Corcovado National Park, swimming and diving in the Pacific or unique nature and animal observations. A trip to Costa Rica in the dry season from December to April is worthwhile.

If you are interested in the diversity of birds native to Costa Rica, the travel period from May to July is suitable. Surfers especially benefit from the incomparable waves in the rainy season.

The phases of the moon and the correct travel time are important for observing the egg-laying of different turtle species. We recommend the months of August / September to be able to observe this emotional spectacle on both the Caribbean and Pacific coasts.