Category: Africa

Geography of Zimbabwe

Geography of Zimbabwe

General information about Zimbabwe

The official name is The Republic of Zimbabwe.

Located in southern Africa. The area is 390.6 thousand km2, the population is 11.4 million people. (2002, estimate). The official languages ​​are English, Shona and Ndebele. The capital is the city of Harare (approx. 2 million people, 2002). Public holiday – Independence Day April 18 (since 1980). The monetary unit is the Zimbabwean dollar.

Member ok. 40 international organizations, incl. UN (since 1966), AU (since 2000), SADC (since 1992).

Geography of Zimbabwe

Located between 25°18 and 33°30 east longitude and 15°18 and 22°12 south latitude; It borders South Africa to the south, Botswana to the west, Zambia to the north, and Mozambique to the east.

The relief of the country is a plateau 800-1500 m high, descending to the north and south; in the east, it is bordered by the Unyanga Range, where the highest point is located – Mount Inyangani (2592 m). Two abounding rivers – Zambezi and Limpopo are border. Their numerous tributaries are shallow and dry up in summer. Rivers in the southeast belong to the Sabie River Basin. A dam on the Zambezi River created the vast Caribbean Reservoir. The Zambezi is home to the famous Victoria Falls.

The soils are varied, but fertile reddish-brown savannas predominate. Only in the southwest are poor sandy soils.

The vegetation is mainly savannah (steppe, shrubby), tropical forests have been preserved in the foothills of the Inyanga, and alpine meadows above. Typically African wildlife is preserved in sparsely populated areas and national parks (10% of the territory): lions, antelopes, crocodiles, etc.

The bowels contain approx. 70 minerals. The reserves of metal ores only in the deposits where they are determined are (in terms of metal content): copper – 290 thousand tons, nickel – 550 thousand tons, platinum – 3100 tons. Chromite reserves – 1 billion tons, gold – 630 tons, iron ore – 440 million tons, coal – 28 billion tons, asbestos – 11 million tons, corundum – 52 million tons.

According to allcitycodes, the climate is subequatorial in the north and tropical in the south. On the plateau, the average temperature in October is +22°С, and in July +13°С, and in the Zambezi valley, respectively, +30°С and +20°С. The smallest amount of precipitation falls in the southwest (300-700 mm), and the largest – on the slopes of Inyanga (2000 mm). Rain falls mainly in November-March.

The population of Zimbabwe

Since the 1980s the population increased by 50%, the white population decreased. The population growth rate has dropped sharply due to the AIDS pandemic (0.05% in 2002, est.). The birth rate was 24.59%, mortality 24.06%, infant mortality 62.97 people. per 1000 newborns (2002). Average life expectancy is 36.5 years (35.1 for women, 37.8 for men) (2002).

Sex and age structure (2002): 0-14 years – 37.9% (2,178,073 men and 2,128,287 women), 15-64 years – 58.4% (respectively 3,376,850 and 3,268,315), 65 years and older – 3.7% (213,286 and 211,865). Urban population 35%. Competently 85% of the adult population.

98% of the population are Africans (82% Shona, 14% Nde Bele, 2% others), whites less than 1%. Languages: English, Shona, Ndebele. 55% of the population are Christians (more than 1 million are Catholics), the rest adhere to traditional beliefs.

Geography of Zimbabwe

Kibale Equatorial Rainforest, Uganda

Kibale Equatorial Rainforest, Uganda

The Kibale Equatorial Rainforest has the largest concentration of primates in the world, including about 500 chimpanzees. It is one of the best parks to watch them. 766 sq. km of the national park have some of the most beautiful patches of rainforest in all of Uganda.

This enchanting park is full of lakes, swamps and meadows, and its slopes are covered with various types of forest (low-lying rainforest, deciduous forest and mountain forest), which is ideal for its arboreal inhabitants.

Forest cover dominates the central and northern parts of the park on the elevated plateau of Fort Portal. The northern tip of the Kibale Park is the highest with an altitude of 1590 m above sea level. The wettest area is northern Kibale, which receives an average of about 1700 m of precipitation per year, mainly from March to May and from September to November. The climate is usually very comfortable and pleasant, with average annual temperatures ranging from 14°C to 27°C. Maximum temperatures (and therefore minimum rainfall) occur in the south, where the terrain drops to the scorching bottom of the rift valley.

In the south, Kibale borders the Queen Elizabeth National Park, and together these national parks create a 180-kilometer wildlife migration corridor that extends from the remote southern sector of the Queen Elizabeth National Park (at Ishash) to the northern Kibale (at Sebitoli). The Fort Portal region is one of the most pleasant places to visit in Uganda. In addition, Kibale is close to the tranquil Ndali Kasenda crater, the Queen Elizabeth and Rwenzori Mountains National Parks, and the Toro Semliki Nature Reserve.


About 70 species of mammals live in the park, the most famous of them are 13 species of primates, including chimpanzees.

Many chimpanzees in Kibala are accustomed to the presence of humans, and since 1992 ecotourism has been practiced there, allowing people to visit these amazing animals. You can be sure to find chimpanzees when the sticky fruits of the huge fig trees ripen. At other times, your guide will know where to look for them. However, once they decide to move along the branches at high speed, keeping up with them can be quite a task.

As you walk through the ancient virgin forests, their extraordinary diversity and abundance of life is revealed before you. The trees reach up to a height of 52 m, supported by broad roots, and the undergrowth is very dense in places.

The park is also rich in birds, with at least 325 species, including colorful turacs and noisy hornbills that emit loud, shrill calls as they fly. Standing in the midst of clouds of fluttering butterflies is sure to take your breath away as the park boasts 144 different species!

Marshy glades and grasslands are home to buffalo and antelope, while shady wooded slopes hide the elusive forest elephant – smaller and hairier than its savanna counterpart.


Dry season: The period from June to September is the driest time when most animals stay near the water, but be prepared for afternoon showers at any moment. The hot dry season is from January to February and is a good time to visit. Average dry season temperatures are 25°C.

Rainy Season: From October to December and from March to May it can rain at any time, many roads become impassable during these periods.


  • 12 different primates
  • Chimpanzees accustomed to the presence of humans
  • ancient forests
  • Butterfly clouds
  • tropical birds


Kibale Park is located in western Uganda and covers an area of ​​766 sq. km.

The park is located in a malaria zone.

Kibale Equatorial Rainforest

What to See in Botswana

What to See in Botswana

The Nata Bird Sanctuary (NATA), located 17 km south of the village of Nata, was established in the early 1990s on the northeastern edge of the Sowa Valley. Community project with an area of ​​230 sq. km was aimed at preserving wildlife around the Shua depression. The main attractions of the reserve are various varieties of antelopes, more than 165 species of birds, which include kingfishers, ostriches, eagles and bustards.

How to get there. Two hours by ground transfer from Frankistown.

Maun is the safari capital of Botswana, a bustling tourist town with the second largest airport in the country, where tourists fly in from Gabarone, Kasane, Cape Town and Johannesburg before starting a trip to the Delta or Kalahari to fly further on small planes to their camps and lodges. Maun has restaurants, pubs and fast food outlets, several local craft shops, as well as the curious Nhabe Museum in an old colonial house with a good ethnographic exposition.

How to get there. Flight from Cape Town, Johannesburg, Kasane, Gabarone.

Central Kalahari Game Reserve – the second largest in the world (52,800 sq. km). This is a zone of vast open plains, salt lakes and ancient riverbeds – a haven for large herds of springbok, oryx, blue wildebeest, cow antelope (bubola) and the largest antelope – eland. Over 40 species of birds live here. In the southern part of the reserve, in the petrified bed of an ancient river, there is a huge beautiful valley. The winds blowing across the Kalahari have shaped the high and wide dunes that dominate the landscape in the northern part of the reserve. There are three entrances to the Central Kalahari: through Xade and Matswere in the northeast and through Khutse in the south. The Heid entrance is located 36 km south of Gantsi on the Kalahari Highway. The reserve has two non-equipped campsites near the Haid Wildlife Camp. Visitors should stock up on fuel at Gantsi and make sure they have enough food. Visitors are required to register at the Wildlife Camp upon arrival at Heide. To the north of the central Kalahari Game Reserve, in the bed of an ancient river, lies the Deception valley. The fresh grass that has soaked up the summer rains attracts large herds of antelope, as well as ostriches, giraffes and all major predators.

How to get there. By air charter from Maun or Gaborone.

The reserve Khutse (Khutse) covers an area of ​​2500 square meters. km, covered with rolling plains and dry savannah bushes in the south of the Central Kalahari. The extensive system of mineral water depressions attracts antelopes and other herbivores who drink the water during the rainy season and lick the salt during the dry months. There are also many predators here, including lions, cheetahs and leopards. Khutse is located 240 km west of Gaborone and is part of the river system that once fed Lake Makgadikgadi. Today, these lowlands provide excellent opportunities for observing the wildlife and dramatic events involving herbivores and carnivores taking place at the watering hole. Springbok, oryx and ostriches are represented in large numbers, here you can regularly see elands and giraffes.

How to get there. By air charter from Maun or Gaborone.

Kgalagadi International Park (The Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park). His education was a unique event in the protection of Wildlife. The documents on its creation were signed by the governments of Botswana and South Africa, and Kgalagadi Park became the first in Africa, the agreement on the formation of which was concluded at such a high level. This reserve, officially opened in May 2000, was formerly known as the Mabuasehube Gemsbok National Gemsbok Park on the Botswana side and the Kalahari Gemsbok Gemsbok National Park in South Africa. The reserve is managed by a single administration from representatives of both countries. The total area of ​​the park is 38 thousand square meters. km. Three-quarters of its territory is located in the southwest of Botswana, the rest – in South Africa. In Botswana, the park is divided into three main areas: the Nossob River Valley, which stretches along the border of Botswana and South Africa, Mabuasehube region in the east and inland. The park has very beautiful landscapes, an impressive petrified river valley, bordered by dry shrubs and sand dunes of various colors, watering places are hidden in green oases. From the old river bed, wonderful views of the Nossob and Ayob valleys open up. Interesting tourist routes are laid in the Mabuasehube region with its pristine wild landscapes of the valleys. Legendary black-maned Kalahari lions, wild cats, jackals, hyenas, antelopes, including oryx and gazelles come here to drink. Here is the richest world of birds. Weaver birds are very interesting. They live in packs. The huge communal nests of these birds, arranged in complex structures in trees, are sometimes so heavy that they cause the tree to fall!

How to get there. By air charter from Gaborone.

What to See in Botswana

Zimbabwe Country Overview

Zimbabwe Country Overview

According to Countryaah, Zimbabwe is a state in southern Africa, almost circular in shape, landlocked and between: Zambia to the N, Mozambique to the N and E, the Republic of South Africa to the South, Botswana to the West.

  1. Physical characteristics

Overall, Zimbabwe appears as a region of relatively homogeneous and not very lively plateaus, with average elevations of 1000-1500 m asl., Mavuradonha), which at the eastern border reach 2600 m; to the North of this alignment, which acts as a watershed, the plateaus gradually descend towards the valley of the Zambezi river, of which the right section is formed by the middle basin; to the South, similarly, they slope down towards the Limpopo, occupying part of the left section of its middle pelvis. In the center of the country, across the watershed, and with a direction roughly NS, the so-called Great Dyke develops for about 500 km, an outcrop of basic volcanic rocks, no more than 10 km wide, with strong concentrations of useful minerals. The two great rivers, with their tributaries, characterize much of the hydrography of Zimbabwe. A third river, the Save, has its own basin and drains most of the southeastern section of the country.

The climate is tropical, with marked seasonal differences, moderate temperatures from the altitude (on the plateaus, annual averages of 16-22 ° C) and strong annual and daytime excursions, rainfall generally between 700 and 900 mm, concentrated in summer (November- March) and much more accentuated in the eastern regions (up to over 1600 mm); the western section, close to the Kalahari depression, has continental and drought characteristics, while along the river valleys the temperature and humidity far exceed the average values.

  1. Population

The Zimbabwe is a region of ancient and constant population, as evidenced by a large number of archaeological finds: among these, imposing stone buildings (called Zimbabwe, hence the name of the country), very rare in other regions of black Africa. In historical times, the population had to be ensured by the Bushmen, now present only in the far west, which overlapped various Bantu groups, including the Shona ; they had a long period of flourishing and organized a powerful state (the reign of Monomotapa), also known to Europeans since their first arrival in the area (16th century). Subsequently, an immigration of Zulu peoples (including the Ndebele), and finally the arrival of British settlers, completed the ethnographic picture of the country. Despite the 1980 abolition of the apartheid regime established by the Whites in 1965, the social wounds are still deep and the relations between the white community and the black population remain difficult, so much so that in the last two decades the white minority has decreased significantly due to a slow but an incessant exodus, determined by a hostile policy. From a demographic point of view, the population increased sharply until the mid-1990s, and then dropped significantly in the following decade. The decrease is due to both the recurring periods of famine and the spread of AIDS, a true social scourge (140,000 deaths a year and 1.3 million HIV-positive in 2007). Serious conditions, but less dramatic than most of the countries in the area, present data relating to infant mortality (30.9 ‰ in 2010) and life expectancy (47 years); the illiteracy rate is quite low (9.3%), thanks to an effective education policy. The population density remains weak in average terms, although the highland areas, and especially theEastern Mashonaland (around the capital) have higher concentrations; the urban population in the country as a whole is just 37% of the total. Outside the Harare metropolitan area, the major urban center is Bulawayo.

The official language is English, but the most widely spoken languages ​​are CiShona and IsiNdebele, idioms of the two major ethnic groups. About 40% of the population is Christian, with a prevalence of Protestants. An almost equally large share, on the other hand, follows traditional beliefs.

  1. Economic conditions

The economic structure of the Zimbabwe is strongly conditioned by the choices made in colonial times, in favor of mining exploitation and plantation agriculture, both controlled by the white minority or by multinational companies. The two export-oriented sectors have guaranteed Zimbabwe for years the position of second economic power in southern Africa, after the Republic of South Africa. From the mid-1990s, however, a serious phase of recession began, due to structural problems inherited from the colonial period, to negative international circumstances, to unfavorable environmental conditions, to the economic choices of President Mugabe. The cessation of aid was also heavily penalized after the Zimbabwe intervened in the civil war of its neighbor Democratic Republic of Congo, supporting the regime of L. Kabila. The impact on the standard of living of the population was heavy, 68% of which now live below the poverty line. Inflation is growing at a galloping pace and the unemployment rate is estimated at 90% of the active population (2009), the highest in the world.

As for agriculture (which employs over 65% of the workforce and contributes 19% to GDP), the country enjoys a good variety of production: subsistence crops are mainly represented by corn, cassava, wheat, beans and barley; commercial ones from tobacco, cotton, sugar cane, soy, coffee and tea. Overall, however, the sector shows a worrying vulnerability to weather conditions, aggravated by the failure to adopt more efficient cultivation systems. The breeding, especially bovine, is practiced with modern methods and is based on selected breeds. The forests, despite the severe impoverishment, supply a good quantity of precious woods (over 9 million m3 in 2007).

The resources of the subsoil are the main wealth of the Zimbabwe (gold, asbestos, chromium, copper, nickel, ferrous alloys prevail among the exports). The mining sector feeds a complex of industrial activities that presents an unusual development for the region, supported by a good production of hydroelectric energy, largely supplied by the Kariba plant, on the Zambezi River. Alongside the metallurgy of copper, iron and tin, mechanical, chemical, food, textile, paper and cement industries have sprung up. An oil refinery is in operation near Mutare, connected by an oil pipeline to Beira (Mozambique). The secondary sector absorbs 10% of the workforce and contributes 24% to GDP. Tourism (which has Victoria Falls among its main destinations, parks, Inyanga Mountains) is a good source of income. The trade balance, in surplus until the end of the 1990s, subsequently recorded net liabilities. Main trading partners are the Republic of South Africa, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Botswana and China.

With no outlet to the sea, the Zimbabwe can make use of the Mozambican ports (Beira and Maputo), connected by rail; other lines reach Zambia and the Republic of South Africa; the internal network (3077 km) is centered on a ridge that runs through the plateaus joining Bulawayo and Harare, from which direct lines branch out. The structure of the road network is similar (97,267 km, of which over 18,000 are asphalted).

Zimbabwe Country Overview

Colonization of Africa

Colonization of Africa


With the arrival and conquest of America by the Europeans, expansion plans were drawn up that required cheap labor. At first, the American indigenous peoples were enslaved, but the diseases carried by the colonizers, the mistreatment to which they were subjected and the massacres during the colonization, soon dwindled the number of natives.

Between 1400 and 1900, the African continent experienced four simultaneous slave trade routes. The largest and best known was the transatlantic, by which at the beginning of the 15th century slaves from West, Central and East Africa were shipped to the European colonies in the New World. The other three were the trans-Saharan route, the Red Sea route and the Indian Ocean route. According to Countryaah, Western Sahara is a country starting with letter W.

In the first, slaves were taken from the southern Sahara desert to North Africa. In the second, slaves were driven inland to the Red Sea and transported by boat to the Middle East and India. In the third, slaves were taken from East Africa to the shores of the Indian Ocean and from there shipped to the Middle East, to India or to work on plantations on the islands of the Indian Ocean.

According to the British historian Eric Hobsbawm, the number of African slaves transported to America would be one million in the sixteenth century, three million in the seventeenth and during the eighteenth century it would reach 7 million, allowing a huge accumulation of capital for the development of the European capitalism during the Industrial Revolution.

According to historical evidence, the slave trade is responsible for today’s alarming African underdevelopment. Recent research reflected by Nathan Nunn, assistant professor of economics at the Canadian University of British Columbia, until July 2007, and from Harvard’s American since then, in his book ” Long-term Effects of the African Slave Trade, ” A recent appearance, it suggests that, had there been no slave trade, the gap that exists today between the average economic development of the currently called developing countries and those of Africa would practically not exist.

The 600 years of suffering left by the hunting and trade of human beings that generated the vast wealth that the colonial powers appropriated at that time weigh heavily on the world conscience, leaving just underdevelopment and extreme misery to a martyred continent.

The slave trade has been for the African continent what today constitutes for all third world countries the evils of unequal exchange, the theft of brains, the collection of foreign debt and other neocolonial forms of capitalist slavery.


During the 15th century Henry the Navigator, son of King Juan I of Portugal, planned to acquire African territory for Portugal. Under his inspiration and direction, some Portuguese sailors undertook a series of voyages of exploration that resulted in the circumnavigation of Africa and the colonization of a large number of coastal areas.

The total colonial partition of Africa by the European powers, started in a disorderly manner from the seventeenth century, took place, approximately, in 1885, with the Berlin Conference and the beginning of the First World War, a time in which the colonial empires spread further. faster in Africa than anywhere else in the world, although two countries, Liberia and Ethiopia, managed to maintain their independence.

The protagonists of this first phase of colonization were, in addition to the military, missionaries and merchants. A first cast was set up in 1914. On the map, the French, English, German, Portuguese and Belgian territories seemed the fruit of a game of strategy. Despite their arbitrariness, a good part of the borders thus drawn have been preserved, even at the cost of intense conflicts.

The colonization of Africa was imposed by blood and fire, based on wars, exterminations and deportations. All the local powers that dared to oppose and resist the Portuguese, British, French, German, Dutch or Spanish conquerors were crushed.

The colonial powers authoritatively established an economy founded on the export of raw materials to the metropolis and on the consumption of manufactured products produced in Europe.

This region of the world, so often described by the mainstream media in the North as “underdeveloped, violent, chaotic” and “infernal”, would not have known such political instability – military coups, insurrections, massacres, genocides, civil wars. if the rich countries of the North had offered real possibilities for development instead of continuing to exploit them to this day. Growing poverty has become a cause of political disorder, corruption, nepotism, and chronic instability.

The decolonization of Africa is a process of independence from the African nations that took place mainly after the Second World War. In some countries independence was achieved peacefully, while in others it was achieved through the use of arms. Among the latter, the Algerian War of Independence (1954 -62) and the Portuguese Colonial War were the most violent.

Colonization of Africa

Sightseeing in Chad

Sightseeing in Chad

The Central African Republic of Chad is one of the largest countries in Africa and a partly very extreme landscape. The north of the country is occupied by the largest dry desert on earth, the Sahara, with its hostile conditions. In addition, the volcanic Tibesti Mountains lie in the north and with the Emi Koussi and its 3,451 m, it is also the highest point in Chad. In the western and central part of the country, where the Sahel zone also runs, the Chad Basin and Lake Chad are located. The south then the region with tropical to subtropical dry forests, in which diversity in flora and fauna can be explored – especially in the Zakouma National Park. And in between: dry and thorn savannahs, gallery forests and the rivers and floodplains of Chari and Logone. The landscape of Chad finally becomes unique through a deep, reddish shining canyon, the huge, wind-carved rock arch Aloba or the palm-lined Ounianga lakes. Nature worth seeing but also in the form of multi-colored dunes and the Archei Gorge, where you will encounter rock carvings and thus traces of civilization and culture. Culture in Chad also includes semi-nomadic cattle breeders who live between the Sahel and the savannah and differ from one another through their individual way of life and, in particular, through their specific hairstyle. And if you go all the way to the southwest, directly on the border with Cameroon, you will find the capital N’Djamena there.

Ounianga Lakes

a miracle in the desert

They are wonders in the desert – the lakes of Ounianga in Chad in Africa. And they are the only phenomenon in this country that has received the title of World Heritage Site from UNESCO. These natural water resources extend over twenty square kilometers in the vast expanse of the Sahara. You donate life for the people and for the animals in an otherwise life-threatening region.

The Sahara was once a blooming landscape

The seascape of Ounianga are the last remnants from a time of more than ten thousand years when the Sahara was still a flourishing landscape. But then this area in the heart of Africa became increasingly drier due to climatic changes. The dust of the desert remained – with one exception – the lakes of Ounianga. While other watercourses became more and more saline due to permanent evaporation, the cool water remained usable for living beings here.

A permanent water temperature of 17 degrees

For a long time, scientists puzzled why the lakes of Ounianga alone were spared the process of salinization. The explanation was clear: The deeper areas in every lake keep supplying the surface with fresh water. This is the only way to understand that the temperature of the lake constantly fluctuates around 17 degrees even under the heat bell over the Sahara. Shifting dunes limit this wonder of the desert, and the steady wind provides additional cooling.

Healing powers from minerals and mud

The area around this part of Chad was populated very early on. This is indicated by finds that archaeologists cataloged there. And to this day the lakes of Ounianga are a preferred destination for people who grow fruit and vegetables on the banks and who claim to be successful ungulate breeders. The unusual ecosystem has been the target of interesting studies for a number of years. Scientists came to the conclusion that the mud of the lake landscape with its minerals and algae has been shown to have healing properties. It is said to have a healing dermatological effect.

Zakouma National Park

The Zakouma National Park is 3000 km² and is located in the southeast of Chad. Here you can experience the real nature of Africa and see a variety of animals such as giraffes, lions, elephants, leopards, rhinos, wildebeests, buffalo and many other rare species. Located south of the Sahara and above the fertile rainforest areas, Zakouma Park has become a safe haven for the wildlife of Central and West Africa. Previously, there was great damage due to poaching. From small planes, the poachers hunted the park’s elephants and reduced their population from 3,000 to just 1,000 in 2010.

African Parks took over management of the national park that same year, and effective law enforcement and community networks virtually eliminated poaching, with few elephants killed in the past six years. The elephant population is finally on the rise again, with over 500 animals registered in 2016, the first increase in over a decade.

Now that security has been restored, Zakouma is now a sought-after tourist destination. This also benefits the neighboring communities, whose livelihoods have improved considerably. Zakouma is an inspiring success story of today. For visitors to the park who want to see the rare species of birds and other impressive animals on safaris and take spectacular hikes through the beautiful terrain, it is a very worthwhile excursion destination.

Sightseeing in Chad

Egypt: on the Edge of the Precipice?

Egypt: on the Edge of the Precipice?

Two years after the “Arab Spring”, it may look as if Egypt is now back at the start. The military is left in power, protesters are shot in greater numbers than under the old regime, and opposition figures are imprisoned.

  • Who are the actors in the Egyptian power struggle?
  • What do the actors stand for?
  • What really happened?
  • Has the revolution in Egypt suffered defeat?

2: The actors

The revolutionaries who in 2011 stood shoulder to shoulder behind the demand that the old government must leave, were actually an alliance of quite different political forces . They all claim the “legacy of the revolution” even though they are now on either side of a bitter conflict .

The clearest distinction is between Islamists who want religion to have a greater place in politics and society, and the “liberals” who do not.

ISLAMISTS. Between the Islamists we must distinguish between two directions:

  • The Muslim Brotherhood, which has banned us for almost all of its eighty years. It has a strong and disciplined, nationwide organization, clearly the best organized movement in the country with perhaps one million members. Since the 1970s, the Brotherhood has invested in peaceful parliamentary work and gained support through the pursuit of social welfare.
  • The more conservative Salafists (see facts), who until 2011 turned their backs on political work and only focused on the mission of “right practice” between the threatening. After the revolution, they changed their minds and threw themselves into politics with several different parties.

LIBERAL. Those we call liberals, or “non-Islamists”, are at least as composed. They include Socialists and Social Democrats, Nasserists (cf. former President Nasser), traditional liberals and others who held office in the old Mubarak regime but resigned in time. In this group we also find some Islamic groups that have broken with the Brotherhood and people from the Coptic Christian minority. Some of these liberals call themselves ” secular “, most do not want to go that far.

3: First step towards democracy

When President Mubarak was pressured to resign on February 11, 2011, it was after massive protests that liberals, youth and the Brotherhood stood together . The direct reason for his departure, however, was that the military leaders pushed him out. The old government was at its core military with a civilian cover , it had our own elections and several opposition parties, but only Mubarak could win the election. The military thus sat with power behind the scenes. After the fall of Mubarak, they stepped forward and took over as a ” Higher Military Council”.

The important thing for the military was to secure their great economic interests , and neither the Islamists nor the liberals have dared to challenge these privileges. The Military Council therefore opened up for a democratic process in which all political forces, including the Islamists, participated. Parliamentary elections were held in January 2012. The fraternity’s new ” Freedom and Justice Party ” was, as expected, the largest with 35 percent of the vote.

But the rest came as a shock: The liberal and left-wing parties were almost wiped out with only 20 percent combined. The big winners were those who a few months before had said that politics was somewhat unclean: the Salafists. They received 25 per cent and thus together with the Brotherhood formed a large majority in the new national assembly.

This assembly, however, had a short life. She had barely come together and had a commission appointed to draft a new constitution which would then lay the groundwork for new elections. Then the Constitutional Court intervened. It declared the parliamentary election invalid and dissolved the National Assembly, based on a disagreement over a minor point in the old election law.

4: The Brotherhood in Power?

Then the far more important presidential election was all underway. Here, too, limits were set for who was allowed to line up. The top three candidates were expelled for formal reasons, including the only known Salafist candidate, Abu Ismail, but also the Brotherhood’s Khayrat al-Shatir, the military’s Omar Sulayman and several others.

The fraternity had nevertheless nominated a “reserve candidate”, the parliamentarian Muhammad Mursi. He received the most votes in the first round, while the non-religious were divided between five or six candidates. Samla achieved almost half of the votes, but none of them more than Mursi (25 percent) and the military-friendly Ahmad Shafiq (23 percent). These two therefore went on to the second round in June 2012, where Mursi won by around 52 percent.

Thus the Brotherhood, which the year before had said that they would seek a majority in parliament or the presidency, had won both and stood at its highest. But then things went awry, before Mursi was removed by force one year later. What went wrong, and why?

The most important problem was the economy . Egypt had been mismanaged under Mubarak, dominated by a corrupt class of leading military and rich people. Unemployment was sky high and there was often a shortage of ordinary consumer goods. The uprising in 2011 was therefore both a political
and a social uprising, and most people saw it as the same thing: When only the corrupt clique of Mubarak was gone, everything would be fixed quickly – people would get jobs and poverty would disappear. The hope was clearly completely unrealistic, and the unrest surrounding the riots and skepticism among investors made the economy stop even more.

The new president was blamed for it, partly unfairly, but he did little concrete to correct the financial disability. Egypt negotiated with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) for loans, but the IMF demanded structural reforms that would lead to social unrest, such as removing subsidies on consumer goods such as bread and petrol. The Military Council had already stopped the negotiations, and Mursi did not raise them either. The Gulf countries (Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Oman, and Qatar) came in with large amounts of support, but most people still felt that daily life had gotten worse , not better.

5: Political chaos

Most notable , however, was the political chaos. The fraternity rejoiced that after eighty years they had come to power, while the liberals feared being overshadowed by the powerful partner. The co-operation cut itself, at the same time as the Salafists played their cards far better and came close to the Brotherhood’s policy.

Instead of a broad gathering across the center between the Brotherhood and the Liberals, we therefore got more and more a dichotomy – a polarization . There the Brotherhood and the Salafists stand on one side, while the liberals came into barren and increasingly bitter opposition to the government. This became clear in the work on the new constitution. The fraternity believed that the constitution must be characterized by the view the people had given a majority in the election, while the liberals believed that the constitution must give equal weight to all without regard to a single election result. The Salafists pressed on, and although the Brotherhood held back against their most radical proposals, it became too much for the liberals who withdrew from the constitutional work.

The proposal in the end was probably mostly a revision of the existing law from 1971, but the Salafists in particular presented it as “Egypt has now got a sharia constitution”. The Liberals repeated this in their attacks, even though it was only a couple of ambiguous sentences that had actually been changed about sharia in the new law.

This lack of political cooperation with the liberal forces was clearly the Brotherhood’s biggest mistake . They overlooked that Egypt was still in a transitional phase, so far without a constitution, without a functioning parliament, and with unfinished institutions. In 2011, they understood that, and emphasized cross-political cooperation, but the following year it was forgotten. They offered the opposition a place in the government, but only in smaller posts while they themselves were to have all the important ministries, something that was rejected. They replaced several of Mubarak’s people in the administration, but put in either technocrats or their own people, never anyone from the opposition. Thus, they created the impression of wanting to monopolize power for themselves – of wanting to “brotherhood” the state.

6: The deep state

According to WEDDINGINFASHION, Mursi also came into sharper conflict with several in the state apparatus , which was largely unchanged from Mubarak’s time and continued as before. The fraternity called this the “deep state” and accused them of actively wanting to sabotage the revolution. It was striking that the police, who were heavily scandalized after the Mubarak regime, disappeared completely from the streets, and this led to a sharp increase in crime and social unrest. With that, the police helped to undermine the Mursi board.

Sharpest, however, was the conflict with the courts , which sought to play a political role both by dissolving parliament and making several attempts to limit the president’s power through various orders. It was in that context that Mursi made his most fateful move two weeks before the new constitution was to go to a referendum: He declared that his decision was before the courts and could not be set aside by them until the new constitution had entered into force two weeks later. It was thus only meant as a time-limited power of attorney that was to prevent the court from stopping the referendum and thus the constitution. Precisely this one decision nevertheless appeared “to all” as the very proof that Mursi had now vomited himself into a dictator and set democracy aside. He quickly withdrew the statement, but the damage had already been done.

In the early summer of 2013 , the tone sharpened. The new alliance of the Brotherhood and Salafists came with several legislative proposals that the liberals perceived as attempts to Islamize society. At the same time, the tone was sharpened against the religious minorities. The Christians and the few Shiites in Egypt were subjected to various attacks. The Liberals resisted, and a youth movement , Tamarrud, demanded that Mursi resign. According to them, over thirty million signed this, and on June 30 , the anniversary of the change of power , massive demonstrations were held.

Again, there will be tens of millions in the streets – the number could not be confirmed, but there were undoubtedly large crowds. Mursi refused, but quite surprisingly the army intervened three days later, deposed Mursi and appointed a transitional government . The fraternity, on the other hand, gathered for large and long-lasting demonstrations for Mursi to be reinstated. Many hundreds were killed in the clashes with the military and police that followed in the weeks that followed.

7: Was it a coup?

It is of great concern whether it is right to call the deposition of Mursi a “coup “. Those who support the change of power think this is incorrect wording. They mean the military only “followed the will of the people” expressed through the great protests. Opponents point out that the military had seized power from a legitimate president.

Both are probably partly right, in common parlance there are coups when the military takes power, whether it is from a popular election or a dictatorial president. But it is also true that the protests against the old government were genuine and extensive, so that it was a combination of a military initiative and a popular uprising.

The “people” in Egypt are undoubtedly not in agreement, both the Brotherhood and the military have great support across the country. The liberals are divided, with many there is now a hateful mood against the Brotherhood which “stole their revolution” with demands that they must be banned. Others, probably in the minority, are concerned about the violence and that the military seems to be gaining a foothold in a government with the same means as under Mubarak. The Salafists were divided in their views on the coup, but agreed with the criticism of the use of force.

Future developments are therefore uncertain. Egypt is strongly polarized between the “Brotherhood” and the “army”. A democratic process in which both are involved is now difficult to imagine. The unrest will continue and, in the worst case, provide fertile ground for Islamic guerrilla groups such as the 1990s. Probably the leadership in the Brotherhood will not see themselves lit up with it. In such a battle, they will lose what has been gained in the last forty to fifty years, but they may be overwhelmed by more radical currents.

The question is whether the Egyptians are willing to return to a military government with a new strong man. The new head of state, army leader al-Sisi , in contrast to Mubarak, is considered uncorrupt and is still popular in broad circles. But he will probably not be able to solve the economic and social problems that people judge the board by either. And in the last two years, the Egyptians have learned that it is possible to go out into the streets and demand that those who do not deliver must leave. The liberals must choose whether and for how long they want to hook their chariot to the military, and the Salafists must find out whether they are most excited about going to the barricades with the Brotherhood, or trying to inherit their religious voting base. There is a danger that it may take years before this solution is found.

Egypt - on the Edge of the Precipice

Congo Basin

Congo Basin

The Congo Basin is one of the largest inland basins on earth. The largest part of the basin belongs to the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Central African Republic, the northern part is in the Republic of the Congo. At a height of 300 to 400 m, the basin lies between the Asandeschwelle in the north, the Lundaschwelle in the south and the Central African rift system in the east.

The Congo drains the basin. It is the second largest and most water-rich river in Africa. It is 4,374 km long, its catchment area covers 3.69 million km². The Congo flows through the Congo Basin as a broad flatland stream. In its further course it breaks through the Lower Guinea threshold in over 32 rapids and waterfalls and flows into the Atlantic Ocean at Matardi. The steep gradient and the high flow speed of the Congo are used in hydropower plants to generate energy. The Congo is an important transport route. The abundance of fish is important for people’s nutrition. Agriculture is practiced in the lower reaches of the Congo. Large ore deposits in the Congo Basin gave rise to industry.

The Congo Basin has a typical equatorial climate with high levels of precipitation. Tropical rainforests, savannas and swamps shape the landscape.

The Congo Basin has a diameter of about 1500 km and lies on both sides of the equator in the tropical climate area. The basin has an average height of 300 to 400 m. In the east, the Congo Basin is bounded by the Central African rift and volcanic system. The northern boundary is the Asanda threshold or north equatorial threshold with an average height of 600 m and island mountains of up to 1500 m. In the south, the Congo Basin is bounded by the Lunda wave (Fig. 1).

The northern part of the Congo Basin lies in the Republic of the Congo and the Central African Republic, the largest part belongs to the Democratic Republic of the Congo (until 1997 Zaire).

The Congo drains the Congo Basin. His name means the “great river” in Bantu or Swahili. Today it has two names. In the Democratic Republic of the Congo the river has been called Zaire since 1871, in the Republic of the Congo it is still called the Congo. With a length of 4,374 km, it is the second longest and richest river in Africa. At 6671 km in length, the Nile is the longest river on the continent, but the Congo carries considerably more water. It has a catchment area of ​​3.69 million km² (Europe has an area of ​​10 million km², the Elbe with 700 km length a catchment area of ​​98,000 km². With a discharge of 42,000 m³ / s, it is the second richest river on earth.

The source river of the Congo is the Lualaba. It rises on the border with the Zambezi in the southeast of the Democratic Republic of the Congo on a 1420 m high plateau. In a wide arc it still flows north as Lualaba. On the way to Kisangani it forms numerous rapids, u. a. the Boyoma Falls. At Kisangani it turns to the west and from there bears the name Congo. It flows through the Congo Basin as an extraordinarily wide flatland current – its greatest width is 55 km. At Kinshasa it is dammed up to form the approximately 30 km long Maleba Pool.

Below Leopoldville, the Congo breaks the threshold of Lower Guinea in the west and falls over 32 rapids of the Livingstone Falls. The river bed narrows here to 500 m. The Congo flows into the Atlantic Ocean below Matadi in a wide funnel mouth.

Economic area of ​​the Congo Basin

The river system of the Congo has 200 major tributaries (including Lukuga, Ubangi, Sanga, Lomami, Kasai). It has over 13,000 km of navigable waterways. The river itself is navigable for 2700 km. Navigability begins at Kukama. The Congo thus forms the most important natural traffic route in the Congo Basin. Rapids and waterfalls are avoided by railway lines. However, they significantly restrict inland navigation. The abundance of fish in the Congo and its tributaries is important for feeding the people in the Congo Basin.

The enormous water masses of the Congo and its tributaries enable the generation of electrical energy in hydropower plants such as z. B. at Lualaba and at Inga.

In the last section of its course, the water of the Congo is used for agriculture, which shapes the landscape along the river.

When they were discovered rich in natural resources in the Congo Basin, economic life took off. One of the largest copper ore deposits in the world was developed in the Katanga region. In addition, cobalt, tin ore, zinc, gold, diamonds, platinum and uranium mined. The ore wealth created an industrial landscape in the heart of Africa, especially around Kinshasa and Kisangani.

Climate and vegetation

In the Congo Basin there is a typical equatorial climate, in its peripheral areas there is a tropical alternating climate. The evenness, even in the recurring daily routine, is characteristic of these climatic conditions. The sun rises around 6 a.m. and rises rapidly higher. It gets very hot quickly. Cumulus clouds gather around noon. Between 2 p.m. and 3 p.m. a storm breaks out with torrential rain. After about two hours, the thunderstorm subsided. It remains cloudy and hazy. At 6 p.m. the sun sets without much twilight and the 12-hour tropical night begins. Due to the heavy rainfall, the Congo constantly has a high water flow. Its source rivers arise both north and south of the equator. This results in two more flood waves and flood the river plains.

The vegetation of the Congo Basin consists mainly of dense tropical rainforest (Fig. 2). In the more southerly area they merge into wet savannas. Extensive wetlands stretch along the rivers in the Congo Basin .


DAVID LIVINGSTONE (1813–1873) was the first to travel to the interior of the Congo region. His reports attracted researchers and missionaries.

The Englishman HENRY MORTON STANLEY (1841–1904) explored the interior of the Congo from 1874 to 1877 on behalf of Belgium.

From 1881 to 1884 he acquired land for the Belgian Association International du Congo, for trading posts from around 400 tribal princes along the river.

The Belgian Congo colony became the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 1960, and French Equatorial Africa became the Republic of the Congo and the Central African Republic. All three countries now have a share in the Congo Basin.

Congo Basin

The Sahara Desert

The Sahara Desert

With around 9 million km², the Sahara is the largest desert on earth. It is located in North Africa and stretches from the Atlantic for more than 6000 km to the Red Sea in the east. From the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlas it extends from north to south over 2000 km with the transition zone Sahel to Sudan. The Sahara is a plateau with basins and depressions. Mountain massifs rise inside. To the south there are mountainous lands up to 1800 m. Scree and gravel deserts largely determine the landscape. Only around 10% are sandy deserts with blown dunes.

The climate is extremely dry and very hot with large daily temperature fluctuations. The only river with constant water is the Nile. The Sahara has no or only sparse vegetation. Of the approximately 5 million residents of the Sahara, around 60% are sedentary oasis farmers, nomads or semi-nomads. The Arabs, Berbers and Tuaregs have the largest share of the population. Carthaginians, Greeks and Romans penetrated the Sahara from the Mediterranean coast. The last unexplored areas were not explored until after World War II.

The Sahara is located in North Africa and extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the west for more than 6000 km to the Red Sea in the east. Its north-south extent extends from the Mediterranean Sea and the southern edge of the fold mountain system of the Atlas in the north over around 2000 km with the transition zone Sahel to Sudan in the south. The North African states of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Western Sahara, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Chad and the Republic of Sudan make up part of the Sahara (Fig. 1).

Natural space

The Sahara consists for the most part of an approximately 200 to 500 m high plateau. Wide basins and depressions are embedded in it like the Kattar depression up to 137 m above sea level. d. M. In the interior, this plateau is dominated by high mountain ranges. The most important are the Hoggar with a height of up to 3000 m and the Tibestigebirge with a height of up to 3400 m. To the south, up to 1800 m high mountain lands are connected to the table land. In the northeast the Libyan desert in the Djebel Uweinat reaches an altitude of 1892 m, east of the Nile the landscape rises to 2500 m.

The crystalline subsoil of the Sahara emerges in the mountains and thresholds. Sediments from ancient times to modern times are stored above it. In places, volcanic basalt chimneys pierce the subsoil.


Extreme drought, great heat and great fluctuations in temperature during the day are characteristic of the Sahara’s climate (Fig. 2). The cause is the sinking, extremely dry air masses over North Africa. The climatic conditions can be explained with the Passat cycle. In the equatorial region, the air rises and sinks again near the tropics at 20 to 30 ° north latitude. In doing so, it heats up constantly and becomes drier. On the desert floor, their humidity is only 5 to 10%. The result is low rainfall and sparse or no vegetation. The predominantly episodic precipitation falls in the north as winter rain, in the south also as tropical summer rain.

The highest air temperature in the Sahara of 57.7 °C was measured in the Libyan desert. In the Tibesti massif, the temperature drops to minus 16 °C even at night. This extreme temperature change is favored by the exceptional dryness of the air. A protective cloud cover is missing. The sun can shine unhindered and it gets very cold. The so-called Fata Morgana arises when the day is extremely hot and there is no wind. The sunlight refracts on the surface of heated layers of air and reflects cities, oases or lakes and rivers.

The high temperature changes and the heat are dangerous for people. At 50 °C, the body loses about 1 liter of water per hour through evaporation. His weight decreases by about 1 kg per hour. Thirst sets in. A water loss of 5 liters can mean death. Every 3rd day in the Sahara is a storm day. Dust storms with a height of up to 3000 m and a diameter of several kilometers are approaching. Up to 5 million tons of dust are constantly floating in the air of the Sahara.

Weathering forms

Temperature, water and wind are the shaping forces in the desert. Strong and rapid temperature differences lead to tension in the rock skin. By expanding and contracting, the cohesion of the rock loosens and hairline cracks form. The rock bursts into different sizes of material. Constantly blowing winds have abrasive power. Sand and dust, the end products of weathering, are driven as if by a sandblasting fan and are constantly driven against solid rock. Depending on the nature of the rock, “mushrooms”, “pillars”, “towers”, “organs” or “alleys” are created in the Sahara (Figure 3). The sand is blown to form huge dunes.

Different weathering creates a multitude of different desert forms. Rock or stone deserts are common on the plateaus. They are called Hammada (Fig. 4). In the lower-lying areas, scree desert n occurs, so-called Reg. If the material is smaller, one speaks of gravel desert n or Seriren (Figure 5). Pure sand deserts take up only 10% of the area. They are called Erg or Edeien (Fig. 6). Blown dunes can often be found here. Salt sumps or pans, so-called bulkheads or sebcha, are typical for basins without drainage.

Waters and vegetation

The only continually flowing river in the Sahara is the Nile. It flows through the east of the Sahara from south to north as an alien river. The wadis, dry river beds, only carry water after occasional heavy rainfall. The Sahara has no or only very sparse vegetation. An exception are the oases, which are islands of rich vegetation due to the proximity of the groundwater or springs (Fig. 7). Prehistoric rock carvings in Tibesti and Tassili indicate what was once dense vegetation and a rich fauna. Due to human interference, the Sahara is gradually expanding southwards.

Population and economy

Around 5 million people live in the Sahara. The Berbers, Tuareg and Arabs have the largest share of the population. About 60% of the residents are settled oasis farmers, the rest are nomads or semi-nomads. A large part is active in oasis cities. Oil and natural gas are of great economic importance in Algeria, Libya (Great Syrte) and Egypt (Libyan Desert). Iron ores are mined in Mauritania, phosphates in Western Sahara and uranium ores in Niger. In Libya and Egypt there are plans to use irrigation to make the fertile soil usable for agriculture in many places.


The Greeks and Carthaginians had explored the northern edge of the Sahara more closely during their sea voyages. The Romans invaded the Fezzan and up the Nile into the Sudan. European exploration of the Sahara began in the 19th century. Only after the Second World War was it possible to explore the last unexplored areas with the help of aerial photographs.

The Sahara Desert

The Serengeti – the Largest and Oldest National Park in Tanzania Part 2

The Serengeti – the Largest and Oldest National Park in Tanzania Part 2

African elephants

The African elephant (Fig. 10) lives in the grass and bush savannas as well as in the open tree savannahs and forests. It can weigh up to six tons. Characteristic features are a long trunk, two curved tusks (upper incisors, each weighing over 20 kg) and large ears (in contrast to the Indian elephant, which has small ears).

African elephants are sociable and usually live together in small family groups of 10 to 15 animals (females and young). The family is led by the oldest elephant cow, she is considered the lead cow. Sometimes families join together to form small herds. The old bull is often a loner.


The brown hartebeest (also lighter on the belly) (Fig. 11) has a pronounced shoulder hump. Strong, inwardly curved horns sit on the long head. They live together in smaller groups of up to 15 animals.


The topi (Fig. 12) is a large and strongly built antelope species with a distinct shoulder hump. It has a red-brown fur with dark spots on its elongated face and thighs. The strong horns stand tightly and are simply curved backwards. Topis are fast runners.

Spotted hyenas

The spotted hyena (Fig. 13) has a strong build, well-developed sensory organs and predatory teeth. Their fur is mottled dark. It is native to the savannah and near rock islands (Kopjes). Usually they live in pairs, but go hunting together in packs. They are hunters and scavengers who also feed on the prey remains of other animals.

The great migration of animals (“Migration”)

The Serengeti became famous not only because of its enormous animal wealth (studies estimate an animal population of around four million), but also because of the annual migration of hundreds of thousands of white-bearded wildebeest and steppe zebras. The most fascinating and breathtaking spectacle of nature – the great migration of animals (“migration”) – is determined by the regular alternation between the dry season and the rainy season (Fig. 14).

In the rainy season (November to May) hundreds of thousands of animals populate the savannas in the south and southeast of the Serengeti. This is where the calves are born in February, when everything is green and there is enough food.

In May / June, when the dry season (June to October) begins and the savanna grass has been eaten, the wildebeest, zebras, gazelles and antelopes in particular gather. United in huge herds, they migrate northwest to Lake Victoria and north to the Masai Mara Reserve, where they cross the national borders with Kenya. The animals always move to where they can find enough food.

The return migration from the north and northwest begins in September / October. The wildebeest form miles of marching columns, the zebras and gazelles loosened up herds. They all migrate back to the savannah areas of the Serengeti and populate them again in large numbers from November, the beginning of the rainy season. They stay here until May of the following year, when they begin their great annual migration again.

The Serengeti ecosystem

The Serengeti National Park forms the center of a huge ecosystem (Fig. 15). As in many national parks on different continents, the wild animals cross the narrow national park boundaries on their hikes. This is what happens in the Serengeti. The huge herds move twice a year (on their outward migration and on their return migration) across the national park borders, in the northwest to Tanzanian protected areas and in the north to Kenya and later back again.

Numerous scientists from all over the world fought to expand the national parks so that the animals can go on their hikes undisturbed. Two German scientists have made a special contribution, Prof. Dr. Dr. BERNHARD GRZIMEK and his son MICHAEL GRZIMEK.

As early as 1957, the animals were observed and counted from the air during their migrations in order to get a precise overview. They wrote their world-famous and later also filmed book “The Serengeti Must Not Die”. During the shooting of this film, MICHAEL GRZIMEK had a fatal accident with his plane (on January 10, 1959). To commemorate him and his father, a small pyramid-shaped monument was erected on the edge of the giant crater Ngorongoro.

Today, the Serengeti ecosystem includes several adjacent protected areas (Fig. 15). There are the Mazwa Game Reserve (approx. 2200 km²) and the Ngorongoro Conservation Area (approx. 8200 km²) in the south and south-east, the Grumeti monitoring area (approx. 3000 km²), the Ikorongo monitoring area (approx. 3000 km²) and the Masai Mara game reserve in Kenya (approx. 1600 km²) as well as the Loliondo surveillance area in the east (approx. 4000 km²). The Serengeti ecosystem covers a total of around 36800 km². It is a unique paradise for animals worldwide.

Many consider the Serengeti to be the most beautiful animal paradise on earth. Maintaining and protecting this is only possible through international cooperation. In 1981 the Serengeti was declared a World Heritage Site and an International Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO.

Serengeti National Park 2

The Serengeti – the Largest and Oldest National Park in Tanzania Part 1

The Serengeti – the Largest and Oldest National Park in Tanzania Part 1

The Serengeti National Park with an area of ​​almost 15,000 km² is one of the largest nature reserves in the world. The name “Serengeti” comes from the Masai language and means “endless plain”. The national park was opened in 1951. Diverse landscapes alternate. There are endless grass savannahs with island mountains, savannah-like areas with isolated acacias, bush savannahs, tree savannas and gallery forests on rivers.

The Serengeti is on average around 1300 m above sea level. The Serengeti became world-famous for its huge numbers of ungulates and their annual migration. The Serengeti is part of a huge ecosystem.

The Serengeti National Park and its diverse landscape zones

The Serengeti National Park is located in northwestern Tanzania (Fig. 1). It covers an area of ​​14764 km² (almost the size of Schleswig-Holstein), making it the largest national park in Tanzania and one of the largest in the world. It was opened in 1951. The name Serengeti comes from the Masai language. It is derived from the Masai word “siringet”, which translates as “endless plain”.

Different landscape zones alternate in the national park. In the northwest, the Serengeti extends almost to Lake Victoria. There are extensive bush and tree savannahs, interspersed with large grass savannas (Fig. 2) and acacia forests. In the south and southeast, the open, seemingly infinite grass areas (“siringet”), especially short grass savannahs, are characteristic. In the southwest they change into the long grass savannah. In the northern part of the Serengeti you can find bushes and forest, the country becomes hilly and borders the Masai Mara reservation (part of Kenya). In the east and southeast, the Serengeti merges into volcanic highlands, there are the protected area of ​​the Ngorongoro Crater and the Loliondo surveillance area. The Serengeti National Park is located between 910 m and 1820 m above sea level.

In the center of the Serengeti lies the acacia savannah, in the valley of the Seronera river. A research institute (Serengeti Research Institute) was founded here in 1962. Since then, it has carried out ecological and ethnological research that is recognized worldwide. Seronera is also the seat of the main administration of the national park.

In parts of the national park there are also Inselbergs, rock islands, which are called Kopjes here (Fig. 4). Translated, Kopje means something like “small head”. These dome-like and richly jagged rock formations, consisting of granite, gneiss or quartzite, are mostly overgrown with higher bushes and trees. They are protection, living and resting places for numerous animals. For example, the cute hyrax (relatives of elephants and manatees) find shelter from their enemies in the Kopjes’ caves. B. the leopard and jackals. During the day, lion families lie lazily and basking on the rocks. The Kopjes are also habitat for the agile klipspringer (small, delicate antelope species).

The Kopjes also offer sufficient living conditions and protection for numerous types of plants, especially herbs and bushes. B. from lack of water, too long drought and sun exposure.

The drainage is done the Serengeti through several rivers that lead to water all year round, for Lake Victoria. These include the Mara, Grumeti, Orangi, Seronera, and Mbalageti rivers. Dense gallery forest grows along the rivers, a protective habitat for many animals.

Geographically, the Serengeti is located in the high basins of Uganda and Tanzania, which also includes the Victoria, Tanganyika and Malawi Lakes. The high basin is part of the Central African Rift and is bounded in the west by its steep step. In the east, the high basin gradually rises to the East African Rift. The trenches were created by sunken or raised and tipped clods and are flanked at their edges by highland sleepers. As a side effect of this tertiary fracture tectonics, numerous volcanic cover erosions and volcanoes have arisen. They are mostly located on the threshold edges and in areas of the greatest prominence and fragmentation. In the area of ​​the East African Rift, these include the volcanoes Kenya, Kilimanjaro and Meru as well as the area of ​​the giant craters. The area of ​​the giant crater with the mighty Ngorongoro crater was formerly part of the Serengeti. In 1956, it was declared a “Conservation Area” to enable the Masai to live in their ethnic identity in their traditional place.

In the subsurface and partly on the surface of the Serengeti National Park there are mostly deep rocks and metamorphic rocks such as granite and gneiss. Only in the northwest, on Lake Victoria, are there sedimentary rocks and in the southeast, on the highland sill at the Ngorongoro Crater, there are erupted rocks such as basalt, tuff and volcanic ash.

The animals of the Serengeti

The Serengeti is known worldwide for its abundance of animals. It contains the greatest concentration of large mammals living in the wild, for example wildebeest (approx. 1.6 million), gazelles (approx. 250,000), zebras (approx. 200,000), buffalo (approx. 30,000), antelopes (approx. 10,000), Giraffes (approx. 8000), lions (approx. 3000), elephants (approx. 500), hyenas (approx. 3000–4000), cheetahs (approx. 200–300), leopards (approx. 500–1000). There are also smaller mammal species such as badgers, monkeys, hyrax, klipspringer, baboons and over 400 species of birds, e.g. B. ostriches, crowned cranes, guinea fowl, marabous, weaver birds.

Steppe zebras

The steppe zebra (picture 5) lives in family groups with 12-15 members, led by a lead mare and a stallion. It has a small, stout, horse-like shape, small ears, a short mane, and wide black and white stripes. If the hikes begin in the dry season, the family groups unite to form large herds.

Whitebeard wildebeest

The whitebeard gnu (Fig. 6) combines features of antelopes, cattle and horses. It has a back and neck mane, a long tail, a long face with strongly curved horns. This Gnuart got its name from a “white beard”, long white hair hanging from the neck. Whitebeard wildebeest live in large herds.

Thomson gazelles

The agile Thomson gazelle (Fig. 7) is slender, long-legged, light brown on the back and whitish on the belly. It has a wide black stripe on each side and a white “mirror” under the constantly moving tail. These small, nimble gazelles can grow up to 65 cm high and live in herds of up to 50 animals.

Cape buffalo

The Cape buffalo (Fig. 8) lives in the grass and bush savannahs. Despite his stocky and large build (bulls up to 900 kg, cows up to 600 kg), he is agile and fast. His powerful, curved horns are an effective protection against attacking enemies, e.g. B. Lions. The buffalo live in permanent communities, in herds. These can include up to 350 animals in the Serengeti National Park.

Maasai giraffes

The Maasai giraffe (Fig. 9) prefers forest-grassland and bush savannahs. Due to their long legs and long neck, the giraffes are the tallest animals (up to the crown height approx. 5.6 m). The three subspecies (Masai giraffe, reticulated giraffe, Rothschild giraffe) differ in their specific coat pattern. The Maasai giraffe is the most common species in East Africa. Their dark spots all over their bodies are irregularly bordered by white and are reminiscent of vine leaves. The giraffes live in loose associations of up to twelve animals.

Serengeti National Park 1

Uganda – On The Trail Of The Mountain Gorillas

Uganda – On The Trail Of The Mountain Gorillas

The still rather unknown country Uganda delights its visitors with many different highlights! Look forward to hikes, safaris and boat trips where you will encounter one or the other wild animal.

The density and diversity of primates in Uganda’s Kibale National Park is the highest in all of Africa. The best known of its 13 species are the chimpanzees, our closest relative. Prepare for unforgettable encounters during a mountain gorilla hike. Apart from the many animals, the scenic landscapes, the primeval forests and almost mystical lake landscapes are also part of the experience in Uganda, a country starting with U defined by Countryaah.


This is an example of one of our tours and should serve as a source of inspiration. Of course, the itinerary including the destinations can be adjusted. We would be happy to work out a tour tailored to your interests and budget. This is our specialty!

Best travel time: winter and summer

Travel time: 12 days

Travel planning: This trip can be done individually or in a group.

Tip: The roads in Uganda are very bumpy, so allow for more driving time, even for short distances.

Day 1: Arrival in Entebbe & Mabamba Swamps (optional)
Arrival in Entebbe after your international flight and transfer to the Papyrus Guest House. Optional afternoon activity: By car and canoe to Mabamba Swamp, one of the best places to spot the rare shoebill storks. Of course you need a bit of luck, but you rarely leave the swamp without seeing one! Many other water birds have chosen this area as their home, so bird watching is very interesting. Enjoy a relaxed sundowner on Lake Victoria and then return to the guest house.

Day 2: Drive to Lake Mburu National Park
This morning you drive early to West Uganda through a beautiful landscape consisting of rolling hills and cultivated terraces. Stop in Mpambire to see how drums are built using traditional methods.
After lunch at the lodge, game drive in the park and 1 hour boat trip on Lake Mburu to admire the beautiful scenery. You can see bushbucks, bush combs, crocodiles, hippos, many water birds, etc.

Day 3: From Lake Mburu NP to Bwindi – encounter with the Batwa
Enjoy a morning game drive in the park. Then drive to West Uganda via tea plantations, tropical rainforests and the Virunga volcanoes. You’ll visit the towns of Mbarara, Kabale, and Kisoro before reaching Nkuringo on the edge of the Bwindi Impenetrable Forest.
In the afternoon, stroll down to the Buniga Forest Trail Walk, an informative project run by USAID and the local Batwa community. The Batwa tribe had to leave their home in the Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park in 1991 when it was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site for gorillas only. For millennia they lived as nomadic hunters and gatherers in the forest, in perfect balance with flora and fauna. Suddenly living in communities with a completely different way of life has proven to be a major challenge for you. They make a living by explaining their previous forest life and rich heritage.
Continuation of the walk through the community to visit the traditional herbalist and blacksmith.


Day 4: Gorilla tracking in the Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park
After breakfast you will be taken to the headquarters of the national park, where you will receive information about the do’s and don’ts with the gorillas. Then it goes into the forest, where the actual gorilla tracking will begin.
The beauty of this rainforest is spectacular. The dense forest is criss-crossed by numerous animal trails that allow access for tourists. The thrill of watching these gentle and endangered giants is a great and exciting experience. Upon return, relax at the lodge. Optionally, you can either walk through the community center or drive to the “Top of the World” at 5:00 pm. From there you have a wonderful view of the peaks and forests around Nkuringo.

Day 5: Hike and canoe
trip across Lake Mutanda Drive to Rubuguri Junction (10 km – 1 hour. There you will hike through beautiful landscapes and local communities. A great opportunity to experience authentic village life. Upon arrival at Lake Mutanda get in a canoe and take a relaxing trip across the lake.
Of course you can also drive directly from the lodge to the lake (20 – 90 minutes), enjoy the canoe trip around the lake and drive back to the lodge. The guests decide !

Day 6: Hike through the Bwindi Impenetrable Forest and Queen Elizabeth National Park
Today you will drive along the Nteko Ridge to the junction of the Ivy River Trail, where you will begin an unforgettable hike through the forest. The Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park is a huge unique nature reserve. Monkeys, duikers, bush pigs and some of the world famous bird species of Bwindi, as well as numerous butterflies can be spotted. If you are lucky you might even meet gorillas.
Upon arrival at the park headquarters in Buhoma, meet your driver and drive to Queen Elizabeth National Park. The southern area of ​​Ishasha is best known for its local tree climbing lions, which are an exceptional attraction and one of the highlights of all safaris within the park.

Day 7: Queen Elizabeth National Park (QENP)
Full day game drives in Queen Elizabeth National Park and a boat trip on the Kazinga Canal. The canal is a 22 miles long waterway that connects Lake George and Lake Edward. Here you can spot wild animals and birds on the riverside. Crocodiles have only recently been spotted back in the English Channel. They had actually been gone for 8,000 years after being eliminated from Lake Edward by poisonous ash from native volcanoes.
QENP is one of the oldest parks in Uganda, officially established in 1952. The park was originally known as “Kazinga National Park” before it was renamed in 1954 to commemorate a visit by Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain. QENP is home to 95 species of mammals, more than any other park in Uganda, and 619 species of birds.

Day 8: Queen Elizabeth and Kibale National Park
Game drive through the northern sector of Queen Elizabeth National Park and on to the lodge in Kibale National Park via the city of Fort Portal. Afternoon hike to the “Top of the World”. There you can enjoy the fantastic view of the Rwenzori Mountains, crater lakes, tea plantations and villages.

Day 9: Chimpanzee Tracking and Bigodi Wetland Sanctuary
In the morning, chimpanzee migration . The density and diversity of primates in Kibale National Park is the highest in all of Africa. The best known of its 13 species are the chimpanzees, our closest relative. Other primates include the black and white colobus, red-tailed monkey, blue monkey, olive baboon, gray cheek mangabey, bush baby, and potto.
Afternoon excursion to Bigodi Wetland Sanctuary. This refuge is a bird watcher’s paradise – experienced bird watchers can spot up to 50 new species on a bird list. To date, 138 species of birds have been recognized in the bird sanctuary, including the Great Blue Turaco. Bigodi is also regularly visited by various primate species from the nearby national park.

Day 10: Nothbound
departure to Murchison Falls National Park. The park is located at the northern end of the Albertine Rift Valley, where the Bunyoro escarpment plunges into the vast, palm-fringed savannah. The park is divided into two parts by the Victoria Nile. The “mythical” river plunges 45 m from the Rift valley wall and forms the Murchison Falls – the heart of the park.

Day 11: Murchison Falls National Park
Full day to discover this unique national park.
Early morning game drive en route to the Victoria Nile Delta and a boat ride in this spectacular area teeming with birds and wildlife.
Afternoon boat trip to Murchison Falls (with the option of disembarking and walking to the top of the falls). If you are lucky you can see elephants, giraffes, buffalo, crocodiles, antelopes. Game drive on the way back to the lodge.

Day 12: Ziwa Rhino Sanctuary and drive to Entebbe
Departure to Ziwa Rhino Sanctuary – in Nakasongola. This is the only place in Uganda where southern white rhinos can be tracked. In 1983, both black rhinos and northern white rhinos were declared extinct across Uganda. The purpose of the NGO Rhino Fund Uganda is to bring the rhinos back into the country through a breeding and release program.
After lunch, drive to Entebbe and transfer to the airport.


Namibia, Botswana & Victoria Falls

Namibia, Botswana & Victoria Falls

This fantastic trip is aimed at adventurous and active travelers over the age of 40. You will be able to walk on the ocher-red dunes in the world’s oldest desert, the Namib Desert, discover the coastal city of Swakopmund and join an exciting safari in the Etosha National Park. We spend our time on the bird-rich Okavango and Kwando rivers in Botswana. In Zimbabwe, we look out over the world’s largest waterfall, the mighty Victoria Falls. Short for NA by Abbreviationfinder, Namibia is a country starting with N defined by Countryaah.

The group consists of mixed nationalities, minimum 4 and maximum 16 participants. The trip is for 16 days / 15 nights and we are happy to help with extra arrangements in connection with the trip.

Namibia, Botswana & Victoria Falls 2

Sossusvlei, Etosha National Park, Okavango Delta and Victoria

Falls The following are included in the trip:

  • 1 night at Safari Court Hotel incl . breakfast
  • 2 nights at Desert Quiver Camp breakfast and dinner
  • 2 nights at The Delight incl . breakfast
  • 1 night at Ugab Terrace Lodge breakfast and dinner
  • 1 night at Okakeujo Restcamp breakfast and dinner
  • 1 night at Mokuti Lodgebreakfast and dinner
  • 1 night at Hakusembe River Lodge breakfast and dinner
  • 2 nights on Pepere Island breakfast and dinner and 1 lunch day 11
  • 1 night at Namushasha River Lodge breakfast and dinner
  • 2 nights at C hobe Safari Lodge breakfast and dinner
  • 1 night at Sprayview Hotel breakfast and dinner
  • Meals according to program
  • Activities according to program
  • Guided by a professional and English-speaking guide
  • Transport between the places according to the program with an overland truck, a kind of safari bus

Price from: SEK 33,395 per person
For more detailed information, see program and travel facts / price

Day 1. Windhoek

This afternoon is spent in Windhoek on your own. Take the opportunity to discover Namibia’s capital, which has a mix of German historic buildings and modern office complexes. Overnight at Safari Court Hotel.

Day 2-3. Sesriem

In the morning it carries off towards the desert, where our accommodation in the small community Semsriem, is located right on the border of the Namib Desert. The next morning we get up early to go into Sossusvlei, which has the famous ocher red dunes that can not be seen anywhere else in the world. We stop at the far end of the road to see the changing warm colors of apricot, orange, red and maroon on the cushions during sunrise. The walk to Dead Vlei, 5 km, which is a dry clay smoke in the middle of the sand dunes where dead acacia trees remain as a skeleton against the blue sky, is 5 km. In the afternoon we take a short walk through Sesriem Canyon, one of the few places in the area that has water all year round. Overnight at Desert Quiver Camp.
Meals. Breakfast and dinner

Day 4-5. Swakopmund

We reach the coast at Walvis Bay and during lunch we may see beautiful flamingos searching for food in the streams. We continue towards Swakopmund and spend the afternoon there. The next day we discover on our own this German colonial city, popular with both tourists and locals. It is also possible to book one of the extra excursions, such as a boat trip with a chance to see dolphins or why not look out over the huge Namib desert from the air? Overnight at The Delight.
Meals: Breakfast

Day 6. Damaraland

We drive inland to Damaraland which with its beautiful desert landscape, different wildlife and incredible rock formations can make even the most experienced traveler lose his breath. Here the mountains are broken into plains, dried up river beds and warm, dry valleys. Our lodge is located on top of a mountain, with spectacular views. Spend the afternoon just enjoying the incredible environment or relaxing by the pool. Overnight at Ugab Terrace Lodge.
Meals: Breakfast and dinner

Day 7. Etosha National Park

Today we continue towards Etosha National Park where we get to experience our first game drive. The park is known for its arid salt desert, which can be seen from space. Lots of animals gather at the water holes and it is a good place to see animals that have specially adapted to the desert climate. The national park is i.a. home to the endangered cheetah and the rhinoceros. Overnight at our lodge just outside the park entrance. Overnight at Etosha Village.
Meals. Breakfast and dinner

Day 8. Etosha National Park

This park is one of the most important reserves in Africa and thousands of wild animals such as streaked wildebeest, springbok, zebra, kudu, giraffe, cheetah, leopard, lion and elephant call this their home. The day is spent on a game drive through the park, from west to east. Overnight at Mokoti Lodge.
Meals. Breakfast and dinner

Day 9: Okavango River

We leave Etosha and drive into the Caprivi strip, here we spend the night in lush greenery overlooking the Okavango River and on the other side of the river, the country of Angola. In the afternoon there is the possibility of a boat trip on the river (at extra cost). Overnight at Hakumse River Lodge.
Meals. Breakfast and dinner

Day 10-11: Okavango Delta

We continue into Caprivi and cross the border into Botswana. We travel by car to the outskirts of the world’s largest inland delta, Okavango. The next day we travel into the delta, about 30 minutes by boat, before we reach the Nxamasire area where we spend the day with mokoro and boat excursions on the canals in the area. Hiking safaris can also be done depending on the water level in the area. Overnight at Swampstop chalets.
Meals: Breakfast and dinner

Day 12: Kwando rivers

We leave the delta and travel back into Namibia. We continue through to the east side of the Caprivi Strip and come to our lodge which is located overlooking the Kwando River. This area is home to many animals and birds. Take advantage and join a game drive in the afternoon (at extra cost). Overnight at Namushasha River Lodge.
Meals: Breakfast and dinner

Day 13-14: Chobefloden

We leave Namibia and cross the border into Botswana via Chobe National Park. We spend the night at our lodge, which is located right on the edge of the Chobe River. Chobe is known for its beautiful scenery, magnificent sunsets and incredible numbers of animals and birds. We get to partake of this beautiful area on a sunset kiss, with the chance to see animals coming down to the river bank to drink. Possibility of a game drive is available (at extra cost). Overnight at Chobe Safari Lodge.
Meals: Breakfast and dinner

Day 15. Victoria Falls

We travel across the border to Zimbabwe and Victoria Falls – without a doubt one of the most amazing and spectacular places in Africa. Own time to shop at the local markets or join one of the extra assets offered in Africa’s adrenaline capital, such as rafting, bungee jumping or helicopter flying over the falls, hiking with rhinos or visiting the falls from the ground. Overnight at the Zambezi River. Overnight at Cresta Sprayview Hotel.
Meals: Breakfast

Day 16. Victoria Falls

The tour ends after breakfast. You travel home with lots of experiences and memories in your luggage. If you want to extend the trip, we can help you with an arrangement.
Meals: Breakfast

The itinerary can be changed due to local conditions. The trip is also in reverse order and with an extension with South Africa. Feel free to contact us for dates!

Price from: SEK 33,395 per person, part in a double room / tent excluding flights and local payment ZAR2000 which is paid to the guide on site
(The price is based on departure during January-March)

Price from: SEK 34,650 per person, part in a double room / tent excluding flights and local payment ZAR2000 which is paid to the guide on site
(The price is based on departure during April-June, November-December)

Price from: SEK 37,415 per person, part in a double room / tent excluding flights and local payment ZAR2000 which is paid to the guide on site
(The price is based on departure during July-October)

Single room supplement from: SEK 7,925.

This trip is also available in reverse order, and in combination with a variant with start or end in Cape Town. Contact us for more information, as well as more dates if desired.

This is included in the price:

  • 1 night at Safari Court Hotelincl . breakfast
  • 2 nights at Desert Quiver Camp breakfast and dinner
  • 2 nights at the Delight incl . breakfast
  • 1 night at Ugab Terrace Lodgebreakfast and dinner
  • 1 night at Etosha Village breakfast and dinner
  • 1 night at Mokuti Lodgebreakfast and dinner
  • 1 night at Hakusembe River Lodge breakfast and dinner
  • 2 nights at Swampstop Chaletsbreakfast, lunch and dinner
  • 1 night at Namushasha River Lodge breakfast and dinner
  • 2 nights at C hobe Safari Lodge breakfast and dinner
  • 1 night at Sprayview Hotel breakfast
  • Meals according to program.
  • Activities according to program
  • Guided by a professional and English-speaking guide
  • Transport between the places according to the program with an overland truck, a kind of safari bus

This is not included in the price:

  • Flights to and from Sweden, price from approx. 8,500 kr
  • Luncher
  • Drink
  • Extra booked excursions
  • Tips for guides and other staff
  • Admission to parks and other attractions, provided the first day to the guide, ZAR 2000 per person.
  • Visa to Zimbabwe, USD 30
  • Cancellation insurance taken out before the first payment
  • Travel insurance can also be purchased as a supplement to home insurance
  • Necessary vaccinations, contact your local vaccination clinic for advice

Good to know:

  • Group size: 4-16 participants
  • Participants can be from all corners of the world
  • The language of the trip is English

Namibia, Botswana & Victoria Falls

Discovery Trip to Madagascar

Discovery Trip to Madagascar

A fantastic tour with the English-speaking guide Klaus Heimer, who has lived in the country for more than 12 years as a photographer and journalist. Meet the locals, enjoy the knowledge from the guide and many good photo opportunities. you will also experience some culinary highlights and of course several encounters with the lemurs that are only found here. According to Abbreviationfinder, Madagascar is a country located in eastern Africa. See Countryaah for more countries starting with letter M.

Discovery Trip to Madagascar 2

The trip is for 18 days / 17 nights. We can help book flights and possibly extra nights on request.

Antananarivo, Andasibe National Park, Palmariun Private Reserve, Sainte-Marie, Ranomafana National Park, Ampefy etc.

This is included in the trip:

  • Accommodation in hotels specified in the program or equivalent hotels with breakfast. On Sainte-Marie with half board (breakfast and dinner)
  • All transfers according to the program
  • Entrances and local guides to parks or reserves (Andasibe and Ranomafana)
  • Car, minibus or bus with driver depending on the size of the group
  • One bottle of water per person per day
  • Train ticket Fianarantsoa – Manakara
  • Motorboat Manambato-Akanin ´ny Nofy – Tamatave
  • English and German speaking guide
  • Tourist tax

Price from: SEK 25,095 per person.
For more detailed information, see program and travel facts / price

Day 1. Antananarivo

When you land at the airport in Antananarivo, a driver is waiting in the arrival hall with a sign with your name on it. He will take you to your Belvedere hotel for overnight stay. The capital of Madagascar is also called Tana.

Day 2. Antananarivo – Andasibe

Early morning and we leave Tana and drive east to Andasibe. On the way there we stop at the reptile park in Marozevo, where we can see chameleons and other animals such as butterflies and frogs up close. We check in at Andasibe Forest Lodge . In the evening there is the opportunity to go on a night hike with a guide that shines with a flashlight so that we will hopefully see the nocturnal lemur “Muslim wall”, sleeping chameleons, tree frogs etc. The hike takes place on a straight, paved road. Overnight at Andasibe Forest Lodge by 142 km and about 3.5 hours driving time.
Meals: Breakfast

Day 3. Andasibe – Akanin´Ny Nofy

The morning begins with a guided hike in the park Analamazaotra (first a little uphill then mostly straight ahead) where the largest of the lemurs is, Indri Indri. It can be up to 80 cm long and has a singing sound that we will hopefully hear. Here are more kinds of lemurs, different birds and other animals. We then leave for Brickaville and then continue on a gravel road to Manambato which is located on Lake Rasoa. We then take a boat along the Pangalanes Canal to Akanin´Ny Nofy (meaning the nest of dreams) at Lake Ampita and Palmarium Hotel or Annexet. The power is powered by a generator that shuts off at night. We travel 125 km on a normal road and then 7 km gravel road and finally 1.5 hours boat ride on the canal.
Meals: Breakfast

Day 4. Akanin´Ny Nofy

In the morning we walk in the Palmarium private reserve where we get to see several different kinds of lemurs, certainly some up close. When darkness falls, we go by boat to a small island where the night lemur Aye Aye is found. Overnight at Palmarium Hotel or Annexet.
Meals: Breakfast

Day 5. Akanin´Ny Nofy – Tamatave – Foulpointe

We take a motorboat to the mainland and Tamatave which is the largest port city in Madagascar and then continue to Foulpointe. Here we can view an old fort, enjoy the sea, the food and walk along the beach. Overnight at Manda Beach Hotel . 60km drive and about 2.5 hours by boat.
Meals: Breakfast

Day 6. Foulpointe – Soanierana-Ivongo – Sainte-Marie

We leave early in the morning for the east coast and Soanierana-Ivongo takes the ferry over to the beautiful island of Sainte-Marie which is an old pirate island. We stay at Lakana Hotel which is located on the beach between the airport and the city of Ambodifotatra. Should there be too many waves and the ferry is canceled, we will change the program a bit and sleep another night at the Manda Beach Hotel in Foulpointe. 100km drive and about 1.5-2h ferry.
Meals: Breakfast and dinner

Day 7. Sainte-Marie

Here we have a day off where we can discover the southern part of the island with Ile aux Nattes or the northern or eastern part of the island by bike or on foot. For those who want, you can indulge in water activities or just relax on the beach. Take the opportunity to see the pirate cemetery at low tide and enjoy the beautiful sunset. July-September you can book an election trip directly with the hotel. Overnight at Lakana Hotel . If the boat to Sainte Marie was canceled due to too high waves, we start going back to Tana and spend the night in Andasibe or Moramanga, depending on availability.
Meals: Breakfast and dinner

Day 8. Sainte Marie – Antanananrivo

We fly up (or go up if we did not come to Sainte Marie) to Tana and the afternoon is free. Overnight at Belvedere Hotel .
Meals: Breakfast

Day 9. Antanananrivo – Ampefy

After breakfast we go west towards the “wild west” and make several stops to photograph the beautiful nature that we pass. We stop at a lemur park where there are 9 species of lemurs that have 5 hectares of land to move freely on. We stop in a small village where we see several people making small cars and other things from recycled cans and other metal objects that are then exported around the world. We go via Miarinarivo and visit a dormitory where we have lunch (only applies when the school is open) Our last stop for the night is Amefy, which is located by Lake Itasy (means rich in fish), where we spend the night at Kintana Fleuron . 120km and max 3.5h driving time.
Meals: Breakfast

Day 10. Ampefy

Today we explore the area around Ampefy, the waterfall on the Lily River, geysers and the lookout point Ilot de la Vierge. In Analavory, they have a market that we visit. Overnight at Kintana Fleuron again. Max 100 km drive, some gravel roads.
Meals: Breakfast

Day 11. Amoefy – Faratsiho – Antsirabe

Today we go through one of the coldest areas on Madagascar, we drive towards Antsirabe, known for its rickshaws and gems. We visit the crater lake Andraikiba and if time also allows a workshop where they make miniature bicycles from old cans. Overnight at Flower Palace . 155km drive, and approx. 5h drive
Meals: Breakfast

Day 12. Antsirabe – Ambositra – Fianarantsoa

Our journey now continues south through beautiful landscapes down to Fianarantsoa. We visit a lookout point that gives us a beautiful view of the city of Ambalavao. Overnight at Villa Sylvestre . 240km and 6h driving time.
Meals: Breakfast

Day 13. Fianarantsoa – Manakara

Today we will ride the “Jungle Express Train”. The train departs at 7 o’clock in the morning and we will travel over 67 bridges and through 48 tunnels and through tropical forest to Manakara which is located on the east coast of Madagascar. At each station the train stops, fresh fruit, fish and cakes are sold. The train journey takes at best 8 hours but usually takes longer, about 10-12 hours. Before we reach Manakara, the train will cross the runway and this is only available in 3 cities worldwide. Once in Manakara, we check in at our hotel Partenay Club.

If the train should not leave for any reason, we will visit the historic part of Fianarantsoa and then go to Ambalavao to spend the night at the Bougainvillées Hotel . 163km, 8-17h with the jungle train.
Meals: Breakfast

Day 14. Manakara – Ranomafana

The morning is free for your own activities. We can go down and see when the fishermen come back with their catch or do a canoe trip on the Pangalanes canal. Then we go together further up to Ranomafana. Along the way we pass palm trees, spice plantations etc. We take a night walk along the road to try to see the Muslim wall, chameleons and other nocturnal animals. Overnight at Lodge Chez Gaspard . 200km

If we have not been able to travel by train, we will visit the Anjara reserve which is located about 12km south of Ambalavao, where we have a great chance to see families of the so-called cat wall. We then go to Ranomafana and spend the night.
Meals: Breakfast

Day 15. Ranomfana – Sahambavy

Today we visit the approximately 40,000 hectare Ranomfana National Park located on the Namorona River. Here are i.a. golden bamboo lemurs, brown lemurs and Sifakan (related to the silk lemur). In the afternoon we continue to Fianarantsoa and from here we take an old train to Lake Sahambavy (if the train works and there are at least 4 people on the trip). Otherwise we drive there and spend the night at Lac Hotel which is right on the lake. About 65km drive.
Meals: Breakfast

Day 16. Sahambavy – Ambositra

We are now heading north again and going to Ambositra. We visit Zafimaniry which is a workshop where people work with wood carving. Overnight at Grand Hotel . About 150km drive.
Meals: Breakfast

Day 17. Ambositra – Antsirabe – Antananarivo

After breakfast and a walk through the city, we drive back to the capital via Antsirabe. Depending on arrival, there may be time to visit a market where we can buy the last souvenirs for those who have room left in the luggage. Transfer back to the airport to fly home to Sweden again. You may need an extra night near the airport. (Overnight stay will be added). 170 km drive.
Meals: Breakfast

Price from: SEK 25,095 per person, part in a double room, excluding flights  
Single room supplement: SEK 4,700

The group consists of a minimum of 2 people and a maximum of 15 people.

This is included in the price:

  • All transfers according to the program
  • Accommodation in hotels specified in the program or equivalent hotels with breakfast. On Sainte Marie with half board (breakfast and dinner)
  • Entrances and local guides to parks or reserves
  • Car, minibus or bus with driver depending on the size of the group
  • One bottle of water per person per day
  • Train ticket Fianarantsoa – Manakara
  • Motorboat Manambato-Akanin ´ny Nofy – Tamatave
  • English and German speaking guide
  • Tourist tax

This is not included in the price:

  • Flights to and from Madagascar, from approximately SEK 10,000 per person
  • Domestic flights Sainte Marie – Tana, from approx. SEK 2,750 per person
  • Visa EUR35 per person. Paid on site
  • Security tax at the airport, approx. SEK 100 per person
  • Other excursions on Sainte Marie that are booked on site
  • Cancellation protection taken out before the first payment
  • Travel insurance, can be bought and also as a supplement to home insurance
  • Necessary vaccinations, contact your local vaccination clinic for advice

Discovery Trip to Madagascar

Shongololo Express – South Africa by Train

Shongololo Express – South Africa by Train

Shongololo, which means centipede in the Zulu language, is a safari-class train. On this train journey you will experience the most and best of South Africa without having to repack your suitcase once. You use the dark hours of the day for transport and the light hours of the day to see and experience South Africa, short for ZA by Abbreviationfinder. This means that during the train journey you have time to see and do more than you might think is possible. Pretoria, Johannesburg, Panorama Route, Kruger Park, Swaziland, Drakensberg’s world heritage sites, culture, shantytowns, Zululand, safaris, golden beaches, St Lucia, Simangaliso Park which is another world heritage site, turquoise sea, vineyards and Cape Town with its sights, just a few examples of what these days will contain. There are also some excursions to choose from; for example a whale watching boat trip in St Lucia on the Indian Ocean depending on the season.

South Africa by train

Arrival Johannesburg “day 0”.

Once at Johannesburg International Airport, you will be met by representatives on site and boarded the train. This day is for you who arrive a day early to Johannesburg. You can choose between different day activities such as visiting the exhibition “The Cradle of humankind” at Maropeng and Sterkfontein Caves, Apartheid Museum & The World of Beerc, Lesedi Cultural Village or East Rand Mall & Emperors Palace. You will spend the night on the train and also have dinner on board.

Day 1. Pretoria and Soweto

You will spend the morning in Pretoria and visit Union Buildings with its beautiful design where, among other things, the president has his office. You will also visit Church Square, the central point of the city where the statue of “Oom Paul Kruger” stands. Arriving in Soweto, you visit the Hector Petersen Memorial, named after one of the first students killed in the uprising against the apartheid government in 1976. You return to Pretoria and at 15.30 the train departs.

Day 2. Panorama Route

The world-famous Panorama Route is located in the province of Mpumalanga, which means “Land of the Rising Sun”. It is a province with an extraordinary nature. Today we will visit the village “Pilgrim’s Rest”, which is a living museum and national monument where gold was discovered in the 19th century. Then you head towards Blyde River Canyon, with a gorge of 26 km and a depth of 800 m. From here you get an unforgettable view.

Day 3. Kruger Parks

You will spend the day in the Kruger Park, a world-famous national park and the best in South Africa when it comes to safari experiences. The park, which covers an area of ​​2 million hectares, has a fantastic wildlife that you will be able to enjoy for a whole day.
The train continues its journey through Kaapmuiden during the night.

Day 4. Swaziland

Today you are in Swaziland, which is Africa’s second smallest country. During the day you will see a part of the country’s everyday life. After crossing the border, the tour continues through the Komati River Valley with its panoramic views of the famous glassworks in Ngwenya. Then on through the capital Mbabane to the Swazi National Museum with exhibitions by King Sobhuza followed by a lunch stop at Mantenga Lodge. In the afternoon you drive through the Ezulwini Valley, passing Ludzidzini’s royal residence to Manzini where guests will experience the Swazi Market. The market is in full swing and shows a wide range of skillfully designed wood carvings, colorful textiles and beautiful basket work, which Swazis is known for.
The train travels during the night to Golela.

Day 5. Hluhluwe – Umfolozi Game Reserve

An early departure to Hluhluwe – Umfolozi Game Reserve will take us into the park to experience the magic of wildlife. The park is located in the heart of Zululand where ancient paths lead through thorn bushes and along mighty rivers of Africa’s oldest established wilderness area. Once the exclusive and royal hunting ground of King Shaka, the site now has an exciting natural and cultural history. The park is a treasure trove of animal species including lion, leopard, elephant, buffalo, wildebeest, zebra, giraffe, kudu, bushbuck, cheetah, hyena and many others. Over 300 bird species have been registered. The safaris will be carried out in safari vehicles.

Day 6. Isimangaliso Wetland Park

You visit the Simangaliso Wetland Park in St Lucia, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Here you have the opportunity to find crocodiles and hippos and many other animals. In the afternoon you go on a guided tour to the Zulu Cultural Village to take part in the tribes’ everyday life.

Day 7. Durban

Today you wake up in South Africa’s third largest city Durban and can choose between 3 different day trips:

Durban city tour
You will see a wonderful mix of the new and the old of the city. You will travel along the “Golden Mile”, walk in an area full of good hotels and restaurants. You will also visit Viktoria Market in the morning. You then choose whether you want to go to the botanical garden or to uShaka Marine World, Africa’s largest marine park. There you can have lunch and spend your afternoon.

Durban’s spiritual tour
You start in Mariannhill to get a guided tour through the monastery followed by a short visit to Hari Krishna “Temple of Understanding” and lunch. It carries after lunch off towards the Phoenix Settlement, created by Mahatma Gandhi and then on to Hindu, Sufi and Muslim temples. Among other things, you will see Juma Musjid, South Africa’s largest mosque.

Umhlanga Rocks beach day
You can also choose to spend the whole day on the beach with sun and swimming and then if desired go on some shopping in the Gateway Shopping Center before returning to the train.

Day 8. Drakensberg

The train has today taken you to Drakenbergen and you can today choose between 4 different day trips:

Today you will follow in the footsteps of the Anglo Boer War by visiting the Siege Museum and other places famous for battles, such as Spioenkop. Other highlights are Wagon Hill. You will also gain more knowledge about Winston Churchill and Gandhi.

Midlands Meander
The famous Midlands Meander in KwaZulu-Natal is a unique mix of more than 160 places to eat, drink, sleep, shop, play and have fun in general. It started many years ago as a voluntary gathering of artisans, who wondered if they could entice visitors to leave the paved path and explore their studios and galleries. Midlands Meander has now grown into a fascinating mix of arts and crafts, world-class restaurants and homely amenities. It offers a wide range of sports, environmental and historical activities. Among your stops will be a visit to Howick Falls and a beer tasting (Pickled Pig, Pie Eyed Possum, Whistling Weasel) at Nottingham Road Brewing Company a microbrewery.

Southern Drakenbergen Birding Trail
You will travel to the foot of the Drakenbergen and you will take a guided walk into the “Pursers Bush” A native forest dominated by the wood species Yellowwood. This is a habitat for the rare Cap Parrot (350 out of 800 left in the world live here) and many other different bird species, such as the Sakabula, Bald Ibis and Gray Crown Crane.

Drakenbergen hiking
trail The hike begins in the Cobham region, through the Mcheche forest to see the beautiful flora and fauna. Further towards Boundary Rocky where Captain Allen Gardiner and Wagon Master Dick King had to abandon their mission, to find a direct route through the mountains from Durban to Cape Town. Here you have the opportunity to see rock carvings and swim in the pools. On the way home we stop at a workshop and “Allans Shelter”. The hike is 8.5 km.
If you want, it is also possible to book a day trip to Lesotho. (not included in the price)

Day 9. Bloemfontein

Today you wake up in Bloemfontein and can choose between 3 different day trips;

Bloemfontein city tour and go to Kimberley
After breakfast you take a bus to Bloemfontein and visit the “Women’s Memorial” at the Anglo-Boer War Museum. This monument is in memory of the 27,000 women and children who died in concentration camps. You will have lunch at “Loch Logan Waterfront”. After lunch we drive towards Kimberley.

Go to Kimberley for a city tour
After breakfast you take a bus to Kimberley and visit the “Big Hole Diamond Mina Museum”. After lunch at one of the restaurants in the city, we visit “William Humphrey Art Gallery” and “Macgregor House Museum”. Then back to the train.

Train to Kimberley for a city tour in the afternoon
After breakfast you take a train to Kimberley to have lunch at a restaurant in the city and take you on to “The Big Hole Diamond Mine Museum”.
During the night you go to Worcester.

Day 10. Wineries or Hermanus

Today you can choose between 2 different day trips;

Historic hearts of vineyards The
day begins with a trip to Franschhoek via Villiersdorp and offers a fantastic view of vineyards and plantations. You are visiting the “Huguenot Memorial”. You continue your journey across the Hellshoogte Pass through a landscape of orchards, Cape Dutch houses and vineyards. In Stellenbosch, the second oldest city in the country, located in the heart of the Winelands, you can enjoy a lunch break. In the afternoon you drive to Paarl, named after the large granite domes of mountains overlooking the city. A wine tasting is included in this excursion.

Scenic mountain passes and Hermanus
You travel over scenic mountain passes such as Rooihoogte and Floorshoogte Pass and via Overberg, the towns of Villiersdorp and Botrivier to Hermanus, once a famous fish market and whaling station. During the whale season (approximately from July to November each year) whales can be seen from as close as 5 meters away from the cliffs. WWF includes Hermanus in its list of 12 best whale watching sites in the world. In the afternoon, take the coastal road past Betty’s Bay and Clarence Drive towards Mother City to meet the train. A wine tasting is included in this excursion.
If desired, you can book to go out by boat for whale watching during the election season. (not included in the price)

Day 11 & 12. Cape Town

During these days you will be in Cape Town and can choose between 2 different day trips.

Kirstenbosch and Cape Peninsula
You will visit the Kirstenbosch Botanical Gardens, which is world famous for its beauty and diversity, a farm of 528 hectares. Further towards Hout Bay and its charming and colorful boats and then Simons Town, a cozy little coastal town. You will visit the Boulders Penguins Colony, which is the only place in the world where you can actually swim among penguins. The day will not be complete if you do not visit Godahoppsudden’s nature reserve with thousands of native plant species and baboons and antelopes.

City tour in Cape Town The
day begins with a cable car up the Table Mountains (not included in the price). You continue with the state tour and walk through Company Garden followed by a visit to “Bo – Kapp Museum”. On the way to Victoria & Alfred Waterfront you will stop at Diamonds Works, where you will see more of jewelry making and diamond grinding. In the afternoon you will visit “District 6”. You end your state tour by visiting the “Castle of Good Hope”, the oldest preserved building in the country.

You can also book extra activities if desired. There are, among other things, helicopter flights over Victoria and Alfred Waterfront, diving among white sharks in Gansbaai, taking the cable car up Table Mountain, visiting Robben Island. (not included in the price)

Day 13. Return trip

Today you will now be driven from the train to either your hotel or to the airport.

The price varies depending on which class you want to live in. Read more under travel facts

Gold = from SEK 56,250 per person
Emerald = from SEK 71,250 per person
Contact us for departures during 2021-2022 and more detailed price

This is included in the price:

  • Transfer between airport and train round trip.
  • Accommodation on board the train during the journey.
  • Breakfast and dinners during the trip.
  • A free choice of included excursions and activities according to the program.

This is not included in the price:

  • International flight between Sweden and Johannesburg, from about SEK 8,500 per person
  • Luncher
  • Drinks for meals
  • Laundry
  • Extra excursions and activities
  • Tip
  • Overnight 1 extra night in Johannesburg
  • Cancellation or travel insurance that can be taken out by us through Gouda

We reserve the right to make changes to the program beyond our control and to any currency changes.

The trip is for 15 days / 14 nights.

Around South Africa by train with guided tours in minibus. Good Hope – From Johannesburg to Cape Town or vice versa. English-speaking guides accompany us on the train and guide us on all excursions included in the South African trip. Also on the train are air-conditioned minibuses that we use on the excursions.

Cabins: The train has double coupes in the Gold and Emerald classes as well as a few single coupes, a restaurant trolley and a bar trolley. In total, the train contains ten carriages. Each passenger compartment has 6 double compartments and two single compartments. Gold and Emerald have private shower / wc and air conditioning in the cabin. What distinguishes these coupes is mainly the size. All compartments have safes / lockable storage boxes. The train is not a luxury train.

Meals: Breakfast and dinner are served in the air-conditioned restaurant trolley. The menu includes traditional, local dishes. The train also has a lounge / bar trolley with room for 60 people.

Flights: We help you book flights. The flight includes breakfast and dinner.

Payment: Special payment rules: 40% of the total amount must be paid upon booking and will not be refunded in the event of cancellation. The remainder, which is refunded in the event of cancellation, must be paid 2 months before departure.

Tour guide: Professional guides accompany the train and speak English.

Transport: The excursion vehicles are included with the train. All buses have air conditioning.

Credit card / payment: A refundable deposit will be requested upon boarding. Payment on board the train can be made by Rand, traveler’s checks or credit card. Everything bought on board is paid at the end of the trip.

Electricity: 220V, adapter required

Tips: If you are satisfied with the trip and the service, we recommend about 500 Rand per adult guest for the entire trip. This is put in a pot and shared equally among the staff.

Insurance: Check with your home insurance about which trip and cancellation protection you have.

Passport / Visa: Valid passport for at least 6 months. Two blank pages for stamps in the passport are required.

Vaccinations: We refer to the nearest vaccination center for information on what is required for your particular trip.

Climate: Much depends on what time of year you choose to travel to South Africa. It is winter there when we have summer in Sweden.

Equipment / Clothing: Casual clothing on the train. Soft clothes such as khaki pants, jeans or similar. Sandals / sneakers. Attire depends on the season, bring warm clothes June-August. KwaZulu-Natal is hot all year round.

Seychelles and Safari in Tanzania – A Dream Trip

Seychelles and Safari in Tanzania – A Dream Trip

A wonderful trip with the little extra when it comes to luxury and beautiful beaches with sun and swimming. You start the journey with a few days safari in the most famous parks in Tanzania, stay in really good lodges and then end at two different resorts in the beautiful Seychelles, one of which is on a private island, Denis Island. Safaris in Tanzania can be done all year round, but maybe not during the rainy season April-May when many roads are flooded. The best time to get a chance to take part in the annual migration is September / October. According to Abbreviationfinder, Seychelles is a year-round destination and October-February can offer rain showers but these are usually intense with short. See more countries starting with S on Countryaah.

Seychelles and Safari in Tanzania 2

This trip is a proposed layout 13 days / 12 nights so we can easily tailor it so the trip suits your wishes.


Mahe and Denis Island, Seychelles, Serengeti, Tarangire, Ngorongoro

The price includes:

  • Transfer from and to the airports in Tanzania
  • 2 nights at Cofee Lodge, Arusha incl breakfast and dinner
  • 1 night at Tarangire Tree Topsincluding breakfast, lunch and dinner
  • 2 nights at Dunia Campincluding breakfast, lunch and dinner
  • 1 night at Lemala Ngorongoro Campincluding breakfast, lunch and dinner
  • Transport and safari in four-wheel drive Land cruiser with own driver / guide
  • All entrances to parks and the reserve.
  • 1 liter of mineral water per day during the safari
  • 2 nights at Carana Beach Hotel on Mahe incl. breakfast
  • 4 nights at Denis Private Island Resort including breakfast, lunch and dinner
  • Transfer between Mahe Airport and Carana Beach Resort round trip
  • Flight from Mahe to Denis Private Island round trip

Price from SEK 75,765 per person

For more detailed information, see program and travel facts / price

Day 1. Arusha

When you land at Kilimanjaro Airport, you will be met by our representative who will drive you to your hotel Coffee Lodge in Arusha for the night.
Meals: Dinner

Day 2. Arusha – Tarangire

After breakfast at the hotel you will be picked up by your private safari guide and head towards Tarangire. The car journey takes 2 – 2.5 hours and goes over a paved road. Upon arrival in Tarangire, you first make a short stop for registration in the park. Here you can take the opportunity to drink something and / or go to the toilet. In the afternoon you spend a safari in the park which is known for its huge Baobab trees and large herds of elephants. Other animals that are common in the park include i.a. zebra, buffalo, wildebeest, ostrich, lion, leopard, impala, Grants gazelle, Thomsons gazelle and others. You stop at a picnic lunch break during the day and have dinner at your lodge in the evening, Tarangire Tree Tops.
Meals: Breakfast / Lunch / Dinner

Day 3. Serengeti

After breakfast you leave Tarangire and drive towards the Serengeti. The road to the Serengeti passes Lake Manyara (but not through the National Park), the Rift Valley Viewpoint and the edge of the Ngorongoro Crater. You arrive at the Serengeti and have time for a game drive through central Serengeti before arriving at your tent camp located in the middle of the Serengeti, Dunia Camp .
Meals: Breakfast / Lunch / Dinner

Day 4. Serengeti

This whole day is spent on safari in the Serengeti. The Serengeti is home to more large mammals than any other park in Africa and among the animals you can see during your days here can be mentioned, for example; lion, leopard, hyena, cheetah, elephant, buffalo, Thomson’s gazelle, Grants gazelle, impala, baboon, giraffe, crocodile, hippopotamus, waterbuck, rockhopper, coantilop. Ostriches, warthogs, etc. You stop at a rest area in the park to have a picnic lunch before you go on a little more safari before you go back to your accommodation.
Meals: Breakfast / Lunch / Dinner

Day 5. Serengeti to Ngorongoro

After breakfast you make your last trip in the Serengeti before driving to Ngorongoro Crater after lunch. You will arrive at your lodge, Lemala Ngorongoro Tented Camp which is located in an acacia forest, just beyond the edge of the crater in the middle of the afternoon and spend a few hours enjoying the beautiful surroundings overlooking the highest mountains in the southern part of the Ngorongoro Highlands.
Meals: Breakfast / Lunch / Dinner

Day 6. Ngorongoro

After breakfast it is time to go down to the Ngorongoro Crater which was once an active volcano and takes part in the fantastic wildlife that lives within these walls. About 600 meters down in the crater you have the chance to see the “Big Five” (lion, leopard, rhino, elephant and buffalo) and many beautiful bird species that circulate around the lakes but also many other animals and the crater also gives you the opportunity to see black rhinoceros. You have a picnic lunch down in the crater while you see the animals grazing around you. In the afternoon you will then return to Arusha for an overnight stay at Coffee Lodge.
Meals: Breakfast / Lunch / Dinner

Day 7-8. Kilimanjaro-Seychelles / Mahe

You drive early in the morning to Kilimanjaro Airport and fly to the Seychelles. When you arrive at the airport on Mahe you have a transfer to your hotel for your next 2 nights, Carana Beach Hotel. These days you dedicate yourself to sun and swimming and other excursions offered on the island. There is a rum distillery, several hiking trails and marine parks. The island is only 28km long so you can easily get around by bike or taxi.
Meals: Breakfast / Lunch / Dinner

Day 9. Denis Island

Denis Island You have a transfer back to the airport to fly in a small plane over to Denis Island . So for those of you who are looking for a private beach, why not go to a private island ?! You land among palm trees and here is only one resort for pure relaxation with luxury!
Meals: Breakfast / Lunch / Dinner

Day 10-12. Denis Island

You spend your days just relaxing, sunbathing, swimming, snorkeling, paddling or just reading a good book, the choice is yours! There is no coverage on the phone, no internet and no TV, all so you can just relax.
Meals: Breakfast / Lunch / Dinner

Day 13. Return trip

Today it’s time to go home so you fly back to Mahe and the airport for your trip home again. With you in your luggage you have many wonderful memories and experiences from your trip!
Meals: Breakfast

Price from SEK 75,765 per person share in a double room (price applies in March and 1 Nov-21 Dec)
Price from SEK 79,985 per person share in a double room (price applies in June-October)

For other times of the year, contact us for a price

This is included in the price:

  • Transfer from and to the airports in Tanzania
  • 2 nights at Cofee Lodge, Arusha incl breakfast and dinner
  • 1 night at Tarangire Tree Topsincluding breakfast, lunch and dinner
  • 2 nights at Dunia Campincluding breakfast, lunch and dinner
  • 1 night at Lemala Ngorongoro Campincluding breakfast, lunch and dinner
  • Transport and safari in four-wheel drive Land cruiser with own driver / guide
  • All entrances to parks and the reserve.
  • 1 liter of mineral water per day during the safari
  • 2 nights at Carana Beach Hotel on Mahe incl. breakfast
  • 4 nights at Denis Private Island Resort including breakfast, lunch and dinner
  • Transfer between Mahe Airport and Carana Beach Resort round trip
  • Flight from Mahe to Denis Private Island round trip

This is not included in the price:

  • Flights will be added from approximately SEK 11,100 per person (Stockholm-Kilimanjaro-Mahe-Stockholm)
  • Extra at the lodges – tips, drinks, telephone, laundry and other personal expenses.
  • Tips for the guide and other staff
  • Visa to Tanzania about 50USD per person
  • Necessary vaccinations, contact a vaccination center for details

Seychelles and Safari in Tanzania

Africa Travel Guide

Africa Travel Guide



According to Countryaah, there are 54 countries in Africa. Botswana is one of them. The enchantingly beautiful Botswana in southern Africa is known for the Okavango Delta, the largest inland delta in the world and a natural wonder of superlatives, as well as for its grandiose landscapes and its national parks and game reserves. These are among the best safari regions in the world.

Botswana borders Namibia to the west and north, South Africa to the south, Zimbabwe to the east and Zambia at one point in the northeast. The name is derived from the Tswana ethnic group, which forms the majority of the population. About 2 million people live in the country and the two official languages ​​are English and Setswana. The latter is the mother tongue of most of the locals. From secondary school onwards, teaching is in English. Most residents understand and speak both languages. The largest cultural event is the annual Maitisong Festival in April in the capital Gaborone, to which theater and music groups from all over southern Africa travel.

Botswana is often classified as a model country in Africa. Since its independence in 1966, it has had a free and democratic basic order and a legitimate government. This stability makes Botswana a very popular travel destination in southern Africa. The annual economic growth is regularly the highest of all African countries. The reason for this is the export of diamonds. The country is characterized by two fascinating contrasts. On the one hand, Botswana consists for the most part of the Kalahari Desert, a largely flat thorn savannah, on the other hand, the Okavango Delta (UNESCO World Heritage Site) with its countless waterways offers a habitat for hundreds of animal species. National parks and game reserves take up around 20% of the country’s area. In addition, there are protected game areas surrounding the parks and reserves.

The country has a predominantly hot and dry savanna and semi-desert climate.

Best travel time:
April and May are wonderful and very pleasant months. The landscape is still lush and green. With warm days (approx. 25 ° to 30 ° C) and cooler nights (approx. 10 ° C), the weather for traveling is perfect.
Between June and August the maximum daily temperatures are between 20 ° and 27 ° C. At night and in the early morning hours it can cool down to a few degrees. These are very popular months to travel as the water level in the Okavango Delta is highest and numerous wild animals are attracted. In addition, the vegetation is declining, so that there are optimal game viewing opportunities. In September and October temperatures reach 25 ° to 30 ° C. The landscape is becoming drier and the animals gather at the water points. These months are considered the best time to travel for wildlife viewing.
November to March is known as the “green season”, as the summer rains begin. Temperatures reach around 30 ° to 35 ° C during the day and rarely below 20 ° C at night. During the rains it can drop to 15-18 ° C. The rain showers are generally short and heavy, but alternate with long dry periods. The “green season” is still a good time to travel, because the rain ensures that the landscape wakes up and becomes greener. Due to the ideal conditions, many animals have their offspring and numerous young animals can be discovered.

Tuli block in Botswana

The Tuli Block in Botswana is a narrow strip along the Limpopo River in the triangle of Botswana, South Africa and Zimbabwe. The landscape is extremely varied with open savannahs, forests, wetlands, grass plains and sometimes bizarre sandstone cliffs. The region offers excellent opportunities to observe lions, leopards, cheetahs, hyenas, spoonhounds, wildebeests, zebras, giraffes, various antelope species and many other animals. But also bird lovers get their money’s worth, because with more than 350 different bird species the area is extremely diverse.

The journey to the Tuli Block takes place in most cases from South Africa. There is now the possibility to fly with small charter planes from Johannesburg or as a self-drive to cover the approx. 550 km on well-developed asphalt roads.

South Africa

South Africa

South Africa is a fascinating travel destination. Wide, undulating plateaus and rugged mountains, wide sandy beaches and rugged rocky coasts, fertile farmland and desert-like dry areas characterize the varied landscape. The unique flora and fauna are protected in numerous national parks, game and nature reserves. More than 3,000 kilometers of coastline with countless dream beaches line the country. Rough and melancholy in the west, mild and Mediterranean in the south, tropical and warm in the northeast. Modern cities, European comfort and a good infrastructure combine in South Africa with the originality of the black continent Africa. With its warm and hospitable people and its unique flora and fauna, South Africa will cast its spell over you too.

South Africa has an annual average of 22 ° C. With the west and east coast as well as the inland one can distinguish three different climatic zones. In the west the summers are dry and warm, while the winter months are cool and humid. The warm and humid east coast faces a dry inland desert area. The winter nights can lead to frost and snowfall here.

Best travel time:
South Africa is – with region-specific differences – a year-round destination.
In general, the drier months of April and May as well as the blooming southern spring from September to November with mild temperatures are favorable travel times for South Africa. The Cape region is easy to travel to between October and April. Whale watching is possible off the Cape Coast between July and October. The southern winter months between June and August make the northeast of the country and the east coast particularly attractive.
Safaris should be scheduled between July and October.
Oppressive humidity on the east coast and very hot temperatures in the interior await travelers in the southern summer between mid-December and February.



Namibia is a country located in Africa. If you want to enjoy peace, pristine landscapes, a species-rich fauna and the luxury of boundless space, you will not let go of Namibia. On a journey to the highest dunes in Sossusvlei, into one of the oldest deserts in the world, along a lonely coastal strip to tropical wetlands in the Caprivi, the diversity of Namibia’s nature becomes visible. A visit to the Etosha National Park is also unforgettable. Namibia’s tourist infrastructure is one of the best developed in southern Africa. The unique mixture of African and European influences makes the Sonnenland a special travel destination.

Namibia is an extremely dry country with hot temperatures, which can, however, vary greatly during the day and year. It is warm all year round in the Namib Desert, where extreme values ​​of over 40 degrees Celsius are reached in summer and temperatures down to zero degrees in the winter nights of July and August. Winter can get very cold in western Namibia, but it is much milder in the inland highlands. The main rainy season in Namibia brings abundant rainfall from December to March.

Best travel time:
You can travel to Namibia all year round and the country has an average of 300 sunny days per year.

The best time to travel is between May and September. The day temperatures reach a pleasant 20 ° to 25 ° C and there is hardly any rain. Cold nights can be expected in June and July. Especially the end of the Namibian winter in August / September is ideal for a safari. Because of the drought there are only a few places where the wild animals in the national parks can quench their thirst.

In the Namibian summer from November to March the temperatures are between 20 ° and 35 ° C. From January to March there are often short, heavy rain showers in the afternoons.

East Africa Travel Guide

East Africa Travel Guide



According to Countryaah, Uganda is in close proximity to the equator in the eastern center of Africa. Winston Churchill gave Uganda the nickname “Pearl of Africa” – a sonorous name that promises diverse and unique natural beauties. In Uganda the savannah of East Africa merges into the rainforest of Central Africa, which has interesting effects on the biodiversity of plants and animals. The country is characterized by many lakes such as Albert, Edward, Mutanda, Bunyonyi and Lake Victoria, Africa’s largest body of water. But also the huge Victoria Nile as a tributary of the White Nile, the over 5000 m high Ruwenzori Mountains as well as typical African bush savannas and dense rainforests make up the very diverse landscape. The highlight of every trip awaits visitors in the dense mountain rainforest of the Bwindi National Park: the encounter with imposing mountain gorillas. The chimpanzees that maneuver their way through the trees in the thicket of the Kibale Forest are also an attraction. The capital Kampala and the entry airport Entebbe are located on Lake Victoria, not far from the long sought-after sources of the Nile. The country’s name goes back to the Kingdom of Buganda, the most important of the kingdoms that arose on today’s territory.


Thanks to the moderate tropical climate, the daytime temperatures are between a relatively mild 25 and 30 ° C. The temperatures hardly change during the year due to Uganda’s location on the equator. There are two rainy and two dry seasons.

Best travel time:

The dry months of December to February and July to October are generally recommended for travel. Animal observations in the national parks are then somewhat more advantageous depending on the weather.



Kenya is a country located in East Africa. There are numerous reasons for a trip to Kenya: hospitable, warm people, the interesting eventful history, the legendary Masai Mara, perfect for a safari to see wild animals and of course Africa’s “Big Five”. Kenya impresses with green mountain rainforests in the cool highlands as well as wide, hot savannahs, extensive national parks and protected reserves as well as with the tropical east coast on the Indian Ocean with dreamy, kilometer-long sandy beaches. In addition, breathtaking mountain landscapes such as the 5199 m high Mount Kenya or the East African Rift Valley with numerous lakes. In addition, Kenya attracts with one of the most spectacular natural spectacles in the world: the great migration when millions of wildebeest and zebras wander through the Masai Mara every year following the rain.


Kenya offers warm temperatures around an average of 23 degrees Celsius all year round. At up to 32 degrees, the coast has much higher temperatures than the highlands. It is characterized by two rainy seasons, which run between the end of March and May and from the end of October to mid-December.

Best travel time:

Just like Tanzania, Kenya is a perfect winter travel destination: While it is cold in Central Europe, from November to February temperatures are pleasantly warm in East Africa. In Kenya’s temperate climate, you can travel almost all year round and go on safari in the numerous national parks and protected reserves. Only in April and May there are temporary restrictions due to the rainy season. However, this “green season” also has its charms: few tourists, clear, dust-free air, cheap flight and overnight prices, lush, green vegetation and happy animals. For this reason, we recommend traveling during or after the rainy season and offer you appropriate dates. Between August and October you can experience the spectacular large animal migration and dramatic river crossings in the Masai Mara.



There are numerous reasons for a trip to Tanzania: the warm, hospitable people, the almost endless vastness and diversity of the country, the interesting and comprehensive history. Tanzania shines through its location on the East African Rift Valley with a wide variety of vegetation and climatic zones: from rainforest to savannah, from subtropical lowlands to cool highlands, with huge national parks, miles of dream beaches on the Indian Ocean, with untamed wilderness and the highest mountain range on the continent – the 5895 m high Kilimanjaro. In addition, Tanzania attracts with one of the most spectacular natural spectacles in the world: the great migration when millions of wildebeest and zebras migrate between Serengeti and Masai Mara following the rain.


Depending on the altitude, the characteristics of the tropical climate in Tanzania differ. The average annual temperatures are 26 degrees Celsius on the always humid, subtropical coast. In the country’s mountain regions, it is a few degrees cooler with an average of 17 ° C. The north and north-east have two rainy seasons between March and May and between October and November. In the south there is a longer rainy season between November and April.

Best travel time:

Basically, you can travel most of the year in the north and northeast of Tanzania. The recommendations are based on the preferred region and the planned activities in Tanzania. The great migration of animals can be observed almost all year round on safaris in various regions of the Serengeti. Only in April and May there are temporary restrictions due to the rainy season. However, this “green season” also has its charms: few tourists, clear, dust-free air, cheap flight and accommodation prices, lush, green vegetation and happy animals. For this reason, we recommend traveling during or after the rainy season and offer you appropriate dates. Between June and September you can expect more pleasant temperatures than in the hot months of December to March.

Southern Africa Travel Guide

Southern Africa Travel Guide



According to Countryaah, there are 5 countries in Southern Africa. Seychelles  is one of them. The Seychelles archipelago consists of 115 small and large islands with a total area of ​​455 km². The islands are scattered over hundreds of thousands of square kilometers in the Indian Ocean. Almost half of the total land area has been declared a protected area. The granite islands around the main island of Mahé, the “Inner Islands”, and the coral islands, the “Outer Islands”, which stretch almost to the East African coast, are intact home to astonishing tropical flora and endemic fauna. The underwater world is also unique with its colorful reef fish, shellfish, octopus and sea turtles as well as rays, large perch and the gentle giant of the sea, the whale shark. The year-round balanced climate, the friendly multi-cultural population, a well-tended hotel business.


The Seychelles have a tropical maritime climate, which is determined by the northwest monsoon between December and March and the dry southeast trade wind between May and October. Strong thunderstorms and showers occur in the warm, humid winter months. All year round, the daytime temperatures close to the equator are on average between a warm 27 and 30 degrees Celsius. For the Seychelles a year-round high humidity of a stable 80% is typical, which reaches peak values ​​in April and November due to the partly absolute calm.

Best travel time:

The Seychelles are a tropical all year round paradise. However, the months with less precipitation from May to October are particularly favorable when the southeast trade winds moderate the humidity a little. All year round, water temperatures between 26 and 29 degrees invite you to swim.



The coral banks that surround almost the entire island act as breakwaters and ensure calm bathing water on the fine sandy beaches. But they are also a paradise for all kinds of fish and shellfish, which in turn form the basis for tasty dishes. However, Mauritius offers more than just a beach holiday, such as climbing the 812 m high Le Pouce near Port Louis. Or a visit to the picturesque villages and lively cities, wonderful subtropical vegetation, Indian temples, Chinese pagodas, neat churches and small mosques. The vitality and joie de vivre of a multicultural community can be seen at all kinds of festivities and in a no less varied, tasty cuisine. Make your dream come true!


The year-round tropical climate is typical for Mauritius. Inland there are pleasant, milder temperatures, on the coast it is a little warmer. Between November and April, the warm and humid southern summer reaches up to 30 degrees Celsius, with an average of 6 degrees the following winter is cooler and drier, although precipitation can still occur even then.

Best travel time:

May, June and between September and November are the drier months in Mauritius. In principle, the summer months of July and August are also possible for travel, but the mornings and evenings are sometimes a bit chilly. Due to the oppressive humidity and the risk of cyclones, Mauritius is not recommended during the main rainy season from January to March. A high number of holidaymakers can be expected between December and April.



Some also refer to the country as “Africa’s best kept secret”. Lush green areas, impressive mountain ranges, the foothills of the Kalahari, a diverse and colorful flora and fauna, abundant water resources and the indescribably beautiful Victoria Falls make the country wonderful. Last but not least, the hospitality of the inhabitants make Zambia an unforgettable travel destination. Nature and animal lovers will find a true paradise here.

Zambia has a mild and alternately humid tropical climate. The valleys have average temperatures between 22 ° and 25 ° C, slightly lower at the higher altitudes. The year is determined by the alternation of a sunny, cool dry season between May and August (approx. 15 ° to 27 ° C) with a hot dry season until November (approx. 24 ° to 32 ° C). This is followed by a humid and hot rainy season, which begins in October in northern Zambia and two months later in the south. Tropical storms, strong thunderstorms and temperatures of up to 38 degrees characterize this period. In northern Zambia it is rainier than in the south. From December to April there is the hot, humid rainy season with violent tropical storms and average temperatures between 27 ° and 38 ° C. Sunny weather alternates with heavy rainfall.

Best travel time:
The best travel time is in the dry season between May and October. In the June and July nights it can get quite fresh. From May to August the landscape is green and the temperatures are a little cooler. The period August to October is ideal for wildlife viewing.



In the middle of the Indian Ocean there is a small piece of France with a tropical flair. As a French overseas department, the euro was introduced here 3 hours earlier than in Germany in 2002. The island is a popular travel destination, especially for hikers and nature lovers. The varied landscape and the diverse flora are best discovered on long hikes.


There is a tropical to tropical summer humid climate. From December to March is hot and humid summer time with average temperatures of 28 ° C on the coast and up to 23 ° C in the mountains. During this period there is the rainy season. From April to November is the dry, cooler “winter time” with average temperatures of 21 ° C on the coast and up to 12 ° C in the mountains. La Réunion also has different microclimates. The east coast, for example, is very rainy, and the west coast sometimes even has a steppe climate.

Best travel time:

From May to November the weather is pleasantly mild and not very rainy, which is ideal for trekking and hiking activities.



Zimbabwe is a country located in Southern Africa. Zimbabwe is a beautiful and generally safe travel destination and everyone gets their money’s worth here. Whether on exciting safaris, white water rafting on the Zambezi or mountain hiking through the hilly countries in East Zimbabwe. Numerous rivers have their source in the hilly highlands in the middle of the country and flow into the Kariba Reservoir in the northwest, into the wetland areas of Botswana in the west or into the Zambezi River in the northeast.
Tourist highlights such as the Victoria Falls, the countless national parks, the historical evidence in “Great Zimbabwe” and the Stone Age cave paintings of the San invite you to linger. But the pulsating cultural metropolis and state capital Harare is still an absolute insider tip. There are numerous historical and scenic sights in the country. The highlights of the country are the numerous national parks, for example the Hwange National Park, the Mana Pools National Park and the Victoria Falls National Park with its diverse fauna.

Dry and rainy seasons alternate in tropical to subtropical Zimbabwe. The rainy season between October and March is followed by the dry season from April to September. In the humid months, the thermometer can exceed 35 ° C, and a high level of humidity ensures oppressive humidity. In the southern winter months of June and July it gets so cold that night frosts occur. The days, however, are sunny and up to 25 ° C warm. The country’s eastern mountainous regions have more rainfall than western Zimbabwe.

Best travel time:
The best travel time for stalking and overland tours is the relatively mild dryness between April and October. It can get very chilly at night between June and August. In October and November the daytime temperatures are already quite high. The rainy season begins in November and lasts until around March.



Mozambique with its almost 3000 km long coastline offers its guests an incredibly diverse travel experience. The country only became interesting for tourism a few years ago, but it is full of potential to offer travelers an unforgettable vacation. It borders South Africa, Swaziland, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Malawi, and Tanzania. Open bush and shrub landscapes are the most common form of vegetation in Mozambique. Dry forests predominate in lowland areas and near the coast. The sea coasts are determined by palm forests and mangrove belts.

The islands of Magaruk, Benguerua and Bazaruto off the Mozambican coast are interesting attractions because of the abundance of fish, the diving opportunities on the coral reefs and the white sandy beaches. National parks, such as the three-country national park Limpopo with large game and the Gorongonsa-NP are very worth seeing.

Mozambique is characterized by a humid tropical climate. The rainy season between October and March is replaced by the dry season. In the interior of Mozambique, the temperatures are highest at up to 37 degrees Celsius. On the south coast, compared to the north, greater temperature fluctuations are possible, the high amounts of precipitation during the summer cause an oppressive humidity.

Best time to travel:
The dry season between April and October is recommended for travelers, when temperatures drop and do not feel so humid anymore. We do not recommend the first three months of the year. These are very hot and heavy rains can occur.



The island of Madagascar is often referred to as the “sixth continent” due to the isolated development of flora and fauna over millions of years. Many animals and plants are endemic as a result. With more than 20 million inhabitants and an area of ​​587,041 km², Madagascar is the second largest island state in the world in terms of area.


Tropical Madagascar can be divided into the temperate, central highlands, the dry southwest and the east coast with its humid rainforest climate. There are two seasons: the hot and humid southern summer and the dry and warm southern winter, which lies between May and October. The average temperature in Madagascar is 28 degrees Celsius, although the value hardly changes over the year.

Best travel time:

The months of February, March, April as well as October and November offer consistently warm temperatures in the highlands. In between, tours to the coast are recommended, as the southern winter from May to October brings less precipitation and pleasant temperatures. West and South Madagascar are relatively dry year-round destinations. In the southern summer there is a risk of cyclones on the east coast. The highlands have very cold nights between June and August, which travelers should be prepared for.


North Africa Travel Guide

North Africa Travel Guide



According to Countryaah, there are 7 countries in Northern Africa.  Located in the north of Africa, Tunisia offers its visitors a multitude of sights and a great diversity of nature.


While the north of Tunisia is still clearly characterized by the Mediterranean Mediterranean climate, the south is determined by a continental climate, which can turn into a desert climate. Summer often gets very hot in the steppe. The Atlas Mountains are located on the western border, here it can snow in winter. In winter it rains from October to April, more often in the north than in southern Tunisia.

Best travel time:

With pleasant, average temperatures between 20 and 25 degrees, the transition months in spring and autumn are particularly suitable for trips to Tunisia. Beach holidays on the Mediterranean can be planned throughout the summer from May to October; tours into the interior of Tunisia are not recommended due to the sometimes extremely high temperatures. Those who want to explore the Tunisian desert on a camel will find good opportunities to do so, especially in March and April, when the temperature is pleasant.



Ethiopia impresses with its scenic and cultural diversity. Ethiopia borders Kenya, Eritrea, North and South Sudan, Somalia and Djibouti. The cultural heritage of this country is immense and far from fully explored. New discoveries are made year after year and there is always the possibility that history will have to be rewritten a bit afterwards.


Due to the altitude, the temperatures in tropical Ethiopia are comparatively moderately warm with an average annual temperature of 27 degrees Celsius in the north and east and 22 degrees in the interior. There are hardly any temperature changes over the course of the year, but the climate is defined by the alternation of rainy and dry seasons. The humid period between June and September brings rain with the southeast trade wind to the northern highlands of Ethiopia.

Best travel time:

October to May are considered to be the optimal travel months for Ethiopia, with November, December and January being the sunniest and continuously dry with pleasant temperatures.



Mauritania is a country with a particularly fascinating landscape that is almost three times the size of the Federal Republic. But it only has about 4 million inhabitants. Except for a narrow strip in the southeast, the country consists exclusively of deserts and desert-like landscapes. The sheer endless expanses of the Sahara are a must for every desert fan.

Mauritania has a predominantly desert climate. But without the strong temperature differences that are common in the Central Sahara. The dry climate makes the temperatures bearable. Although the rainy season is in summer, short showers in winter cannot be completely ruled out. Wind (from the Atlantic) must be expected all year round.

Best travel time
In the cooler months of October to March.



Algeria, with the capital Algiers, is located in the north of Africa and is 2.38 mil. Km² the second largest country on the continent. It is bordered by Mali to the southwest, Niger to the southeast, Libya and Tunisia to the east, the Mediterranean to the north, and Morocco and Mauritania to the west. Algiers was already an important port city in ancient times and thanks to the dry desert climate many impressive buildings have been preserved. As a former French colony, Algeria has been independent since 1962.


Algeria, as the middle of the Maghreb countries, lies in North Africa. The relatively large country can generally be divided into two climatic zones. There is a Mediterranean climate on the coastal areas on the Mediterranean Sea and in the mountains. The rest of the country is more or less dominated by the desert climate of the Sahara.

Best travel time:

The coastal area is suitable for traveling almost all year round due to the moderate Mediterranean climate. The temperatures here are ideal, especially from May to October. For the Sahara region, on the other hand, we recommend traveling between November and April. At night, however – as is typical for the desert climate – you have to reckon with sensitive temperature drops.



Located in Northeast Africa, Sudan is the third largest country in Africa and geographically belongs to North Africa as well as East and Central Africa. It is located on the Red Sea and borders Egypt, Libya, Chad, the Central African Republic, South Sudan, Ethiopia and Eritrea. Part of the state of Sudan is part of the “Greater Sudan Landscape”. This marks the transition between the dry zone and the savannah. The north equatorial threshold runs through Sudan. Sudan also has shares in the Nubian Desert, the Sahel zone and the Nile. This diversity paired with a fascinating culture makes Sudan an extremely attractive and interesting country. The capital of Sudan is Khartoum with a population of 5,274,321.


Sudan is divided into the drier, subtropical north and the humid, tropical south. Accordingly, there are extensive deserts in North Sudan, in which summer maximum temperatures of 50 ° C are reached and no precipitation has been recorded for many years in a row. The desert climate sometimes causes very strong temperature fluctuations between day and night. The temperature differences are smaller on the north-east coast to the Red Sea. Sandstorms occur during the transition months in spring and autumn.

Best travel time:

Different travel times can be recommended regionally in Sudan. For the north, the months between September and April are considered optimal, as the local temperatures are then bearable. On the other hand, it is warm all year round on the coast of the Red Sea, the water temperature is always above 25 ° C.



Morocco is a country with a fascinating landscape and culture. Located in north-west Africa, it offers its visitors a multitude of sights and a great variety of nature. The cultural heritage of this country is immense and far from being fully explored. You can find more information on the portal


The Moroccan northwest coast is determined by the Mediterranean climate. A hot, dry summer with an average of 27 ° C and a rainy winter alternate here. In the interior of Morocco, the Atlas Mountains adjoin, whose continental climate leads to summer temperatures of up to 45 ° C. In winter, however, the values ​​drop below zero at high altitudes, so that snow falls. The south of Morocco is characterized by a desert climate, here it is very dry all year round.

Best travel time:

For trips to the western and northern coastal regions, the period from May to October is recommended. The air temperatures on the Atlantic coast are pleasant, but in southern and eastern Morocco it is then too hot. Accordingly, tours inland are recommended during the months of March, April, May and October and November. Round trips through the country should be planned for the transition months of April and May or October and November.