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North America Travel Guide

North America Travel Guide

Canada

Canada

With an area of ​​almost 10 million square kilometers, Canada extends over six time zones and at the same time six climate zones. The regions of Canada are as diverse as its climatic zones. Whether you are looking for the cold climes and wilderness of the Canadian north, the mild climate of the west coast of British Columbia and the dramatic scenery of the Rocky Mountains in Alberta, the vastness of the Canadian prairies Saskatchewan and Manitoba, the multicultural life in a big city like Toronto in Ontario, the French culture and language in Quebec, or the idyll of the Canadian Atlantic provinces preferred, Canada offers a suitable travel destination for almost every taste. See AllCityPopulation for country flags of Canada and other countries in North America.

Climate:

Due to its great extent, Canada harbors a corresponding range of climatic zones: Both the polar and the maritime, continental and cool temperate zones extend over the country. For example, on the western Pacific coast and the Atlantic coast in the east, the winters are milder and the summers warm. In other parts of Canada such as inland, however, there are long winters with low temperatures and a lot of snow, although higher summer temperatures are quite possible in the interior of the country.

Best travel time:

The summer months between June and September are popular with travelers to Canada, and July and August for the north of the country, before the first snow can fall in September. The ski season runs from November to April. May is recommended for the southernmost regions, before the temperatures in the interior of the country can rise considerably in midsummer. On the Atlantic coast, however, it is also rather cool in summer. You can also travel to the southern Pacific coast (Vancouver) in winter. If you want to experience the Indian Summer in Canada, you have to plan your trip in autumn, the color of the leaves is most intense in the eastern provinces of Ontario and Quebec.

United States

United States

According to Bridgat, United States of America is a country located in North America. It  covers around 40 percent of the territory of North America and is the third largest country in the world in terms of area after Russia and Canada. It is divided into 50 states and with the Hawaiian Islands and smaller outlying areas also has a share of Oceania. The capital is Washington DC, but New York City is the largest city in the United States.

The United States emerged from the thirteen colonies that declared themselves independent from motherland Great Britain in 1776. Due to constant immigration from Europe and later Asia, displacement of the indigenous people, territorial expansion to the west, annexation of large parts of Mexico and industrialization, the USA gained global political influence from the end of the 19th century. This was particularly evident in the two world wars. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the USA has been the only remaining superpower since the beginning of the 21st century.

Climate:

The USA extends over a large land mass and can therefore be assigned to several climate zones. The north is considered continental, the southeast is humid-subtropical up to tropical Florida. The south-west is determined by the desert climate, while the Rocky Mountains have an alpine climate and the northern Pacific coast has a humid oceanic climate.

Best travel time:

An optimal travel time can only be recommended depending on the specific destination and the desired leisure activities. Winter can be used, for example, for a beach holiday in Florida as well as for winter sports in the Rocky Mountains. Hikes and city trips as well as beach holidays are ideal in the spring months, before it gets too hot in summer. If you want to experience the Indian Summer, you have to travel to the USA in the fall. The foliage color is most intense in the northeastern New England states.

Alaska

Alaska is the largest state in the USA with 20% of the area, which is roughly five times the size of Germany. At the same time it has one of the lowest population densities in America with 680,000 inhabitants. In addition, Alaska is the region of superlatives: here are the highest mountains in North America, with the Yukon River one of the longest rivers in the world, in Cook Inlet the highest tide differences, the world’s highest population of grizzly bears and bald eagles and in Anchorage the largest seaplane airport of the world. The capital of Alaska is Juneau (32,000 inhabitants), which can only be reached by ship or plane. The largest city is Anchorage with 290,000 inhabitants, followed by Fairbanks with 52,000 inhabitants. This means that half of Alaska’s total population already live in both major cities. 15% of the population are “natives”, ie indigenous people of various Aleut, Indian and Eskimo tribes. Alaska was bought by the Russian Empire in 1867 for $ 7.2 million, a rather symbolic amount for the size of the country – but it wasn’t until 1957 that Alaska officially became the 49th state in the United States. English is the main spoken language, and in individual villages the indigenous people use their own ancient languages ​​in addition to English.

climate

Inner Alaska has a continental climate. The north of Alaska, however, has a subpolar climate, which is associated with long, dark and very cold winters. In the short summer months in Alaska, contrary to some expectations, it can get quite warm. A large part of the snow then even melts on the peaks of the mountains north of the Rocky Mountains (up to 3000 m). Unfortunately, Alaska is one of the regions of the world where climate change is most noticeable. The average temperature here has risen by about 2 C since 1970.

Best travel time

The best travel time for Alaska is roughly from May to October. In terms of temperatures, June and July are very pleasant months to travel, although unfortunately a large number of mosquitoes must be expected. Alaska’s north coast is interesting from August, when the so-called Indian summer sets in.

Mexico

Mexico

According to Countryaah, Mexico is a federal republic between North and Central America. The country is named after the capital of the Aztecs, “Mexico-Tenochtitlan”, now Mexico City. The state capital is the political, economic, social and cultural center, as well as the largest transport hub in the country. With a total area of ​​almost two million square kilometers, Mexico is the fifth largest country on the American double continent. With a population of around 122 million people, Mexico ranks tenth in the world.

Climate:

Depending on the coast and altitude, different climatic zones dominate Mexico. In the subtropical northwest, summer temperatures of up to 35 degrees Celsius are reached, while the alpine mountains have lower temperatures. The south-east of the country is more humid than the desert-like zone.

Best travel time:

Less precipitation is expected in Mexico between October and May, but snow can occur at higher altitudes. Vacationers should also think of warm clothing for city trips. Between July and August, diving holidaymakers can watch whale sharks off Isla Holbox. Northwest Mexico is also worth a visit during this time thanks to the mild temperatures.

Oceania Travel Guide

Oceania Travel Guide

New Caledonia

New Caledonia

Green the vegetation in the east, red the earth in the south, the beach on Ouvéa white – La Nouvelle Calédonie has many faces. An independent animal life has developed on the chain of islands belonging to France. Sylviornis Neocaledoniae, the large bird that does not fly, is one of them, as are the Kagu and Ouvea Parakeets. Eucalyptus, niaouli and tea trees, araucarias and banyan trees protrude from the savannahs. The second largest barrier reef in the world encloses Grande Terre, the main island of New Caledonia. The beaches and lagoons are heavenly and are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. A region for explorers, with numerous islands to relax in. Move on good roads or on horseback through an exciting, diverse country. Encounter traditions of the Kanak and Melanesian cultures. Submerge

Climate:

New Caledonia lies between the 19th and 23rd degrees of southern latitude and is therefore in the tropical climate zone. The average temperatures on the islands are between 20 and 30 ° C all year round. The mountain range that runs along the main island divides New Caledonia into a wetter east and a drier west, which is in the rain shadow.

Best travel time:

The drier, sunny months from mid-May to mid-September are particularly recommended for trips to New Caledonia. The surrounding months of April and October also allow tourists to benefit from milder temperatures and the lower humidity caused by the trade winds. During the rainy season from mid-November to April, New Caledonia is in the cyclone area, so travel is not recommended.

Tonga

Tonga

According to Countryaah, there are 14 countries in Oceania. Tonga is one of them. The 169 islands and atolls in the infinite blue of the South Seas hold many wonderful discoveries in store. Never seen colors, scents that defy description. Light whose mood only a painter can capture. Tonga is located with its many volcanic islands in the Pacific – east of Fiji, south of Samoa and north of New Zealand – in the area of ​​the Pacific Ring of Fire. The capital and largest city of the country is Nukualofa.

Climate:

Tonga’s climate is pleasant and slightly cooler than other tropical areas. The mean annual temperature in Nukualofa is 24 ° C and the average humidity is 76%. December to February are the months with the hottest temperatures and the most rainfall.

Best travel time:

Tonga is an ideal year-round destination.

Samoa

Samoa

The islands in the infinite blue of the South Seas hold many wonderful discoveries in store. Never seen colors, scents that defy description. Light whose mood only a painter can capture.

Samoa is located in the southwestern Pacific, northeast of Fiji. The largest islands are Savaii and Upolu with the capital Apia and the international airport. About 238,000 inhabitants are spread over 14 islands. The Samoans are traditional Polynesians and daily life is based on three pillars: the Matai (chief), Aiga (the big family) and the church.

Climate:

In accordance with the prevailing tropical climate in the South Pacific, the temperatures in Samoa are warm all year round, an average of 26.5 degrees Celsius. Likewise, abundant rainfall occurs all year round, which cannot be ruled out in the form of showers in the dry season from May to October. The water temperatures rise to 28 degrees at that time, otherwise they move between 22 and 26 degrees.

Best travel time:

The drier, sunny months between June and August are particularly recommended for trips to Samoa. The surrounding months of May and September also allow tourists to benefit from milder temperatures and the lower humidity due to the trade winds. During the rainy season from November to April, Samoa is in the cyclone area, so travel is not recommended.

Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea

According to Bridgat, Papua New Guinea is a country located in Oceania. The name of Papua New Guinea alone awakens the spirit of discovery in experienced travelers, because a tour to New Guinea is something unique to this day. The imponderables of the travel destination, sometimes rugged landscapes and the different ways of life promise adventure and unforgettable encounters. The heart of every trip to New Guinea is the cultural experience, even deep immersion in the diverse ways of life of the peoples of the island.

It is estimated that over a thousand different languages ​​are spoken on the island to this day, which underlines the diversity of the country. The Papua New Guinea Tourist Office even promises “A million different trips!” A slogan that we want to pass on.

Away from the capital Port Moresby, the island has a lot to offer in an area similar to that of Sweden: highlights are the Sepik plain, which is criss-crossed by meandering rivers and impenetrable rainforests, the highlands known for its colorfully decorated and warlike inhabitants as well as the coastal regions, the invite you to a bathing and diving extension.

Tree kangaroos, birds of paradise and cassowaries are the best-known representatives of the island’s wildlife.

Climate:

The coastal regions of Papua New Guinea are always humid and tropical and warm with maximum temperatures of up to 35 degrees Celsius. Especially during the humid season from December to April, the northwest monsoon with its precipitation brings increasing humidity to the coast. In the highlands the temperatures are more pleasant, but you should be prepared for rain showers all year round.

Best travel time:

The best time to travel to Papua New Guinea is from June to October. Especially on the southern coast there are many hours of sunshine and there are pleasant temperatures between 25 and 27 degrees Celsius. The months between December and April, when it rains heavily, are less favorable. The water temperatures are all year round at values ​​between 26 and 30 degrees.

Cook Islands

Cook Islands

The Cook Islands are idyllically situated in the middle of the beautiful South Pacific. They are the ideal place for a South Sea extension of a New Zealand trip or for a honeymoon. The northern of the fifteen Cook Islands are coral atolls with breathtaking white sandy beaches and blue lagoons. The southern islands, on the other hand, have volcanic origins and impress with sometimes steep mountains and dense vegetation.

Around 17,500 Cook Islanders live on an area of ​​land only slightly larger than that of the island of Fehmarn, and they are very closely connected to New Zealand both economically and in terms of families.

The islands themselves are spread over an area of ​​approximately two million square kilometers in the middle of the Polynesian triangle.

An absolute highlight of any trip to the Cooks is a visit to the world-famous Aitutaki lagoon. The main island of Rarotonga offers the opportunity to enjoy island life: mingle with the Cook Island Maori at the market or at church on Sundays. We also recommend going around the island with one of the two bus routes.

If you are in the mood for a Robinsonade, you can fly with the island airline to Atiu, where you can discover the birdlife of the South Pacific on an island tour. And how about a picnic on the beach followed by a snorkel?

Climate:

The Cook Islands have warm and sunny weather year round. From June to August it is a little cooler. From November to March it is warmest with occasional tropical downpours.

Best travel time:

The best time to travel are the months from July to December with pleasant temperatures and lower humidity.

Fiji

Fiji

Located in the midst of the expanses of the Southwest Pacific, the Fiji Islands are the epitome of a South Sea dream. Palm trees swaying in the gentle sea breeze, azure blue water, colorful coral reefs and the Melanesian joie de vivre await the traveler. According to AllCityPopulation, the biggest city of Fiji is Suva with a population of 93,970.

Around 330 islands form the archipelago, which in terms of area corresponds to Saxony and which around 900,000 Fijians call their home. The main island of Viti Levu with the international airport in Nadi is the starting point of every Fiji trip. Direct connections from Singapore, Seoul and Hong Kong enable a journey with just one stopover from Germany.

Viti Levu offers the opportunity for a rental car tour and discoveries inland. Divers and active travelers are drawn to the garden island of Taveuni. The picturesque coastal hike near Lavena and diving trips to the Rainbow Reef are popular.

The highlight of any trip to Fiji is a visit to the Mamanuca or Yasawa group. The islands captivate with beautiful sandy beaches, excellent accommodation and an incomparable Robinson feeling. Anyone who has always wanted to fly by seaplane has come to the right place on Fiji. Alternatively, there is also the possibility of a cruise through the impressive island world.

And don’t forget: if you are not barefoot, you are probably “overdessed”!

Climate:

Fiji has warm temperatures and a tropical marine climate all year round. High air and water temperatures determine the southern summer between November and April. During this time it is quite humid on the islands and heavy rain showers must be expected. From May to October the temperatures drop slightly, so that highs of 27 to 29 degrees Celsius are reached. The water temperature remains almost the same and precipitation decreases.

Best travel time:

In the months between April and October, the temperatures are pleasant and the humidity slightly lower, so that travelers find optimal conditions.

 

Caribbean Travel Guide

Caribbean Travel Guide

St. Lucia

St. Lucia

According to Countryaah, St. Lucia is a country in Caribbean. The beautiful Helena of the West, as the island is often called, beguiles with its dream beaches, magnificent coral reefs, lush rainforests, hot springs and imposing waterfalls. The Piton Twin Mountains rise steeply from the sea and form the symbol of the island. The varied landscape leaves nothing to be desired and the possible activities are broad. On idyllic hikes you will experience the biodiversity of the tropical rainforests with rare parrots, wild orchids and numerous other natural treasures.

Climate:

On St. Lucia there is a humid tropical climate with an annual average temperature between 24 and 30 degrees. The rainy season is from June to December, during which tropical storms (hurricans) can occur. The dry season is from January to May.

Best travel time:

The months from December to April are the best time to travel to St. Lucia.

Dominica

Dominica

The Nature Island – that’s what Dominica is also called. It is the most pristine island in the Antilles and lives up to its nickname. A carpet of dense rainforest covers three quarters of the country and is interspersed with hot springs, lakes and countless watercourses. The land of 365 rivers does not serve the classic Caribbean clichés with palm-fringed dream beaches. For nature and active vacationers, however, the green lung offers an attractive alternative. Dominika’s seemingly impenetrable forests hide beautiful hiking trails of varying degrees of difficulty. There is even a hiking trail, the so-called Waitukubuli National Trail, which crosses the entire island in 14 stages. The untouched natural jewel is based on ecotourism and already offers you several eco-certified accommodations. Sun worshipers and water mermaids are not neglected on Dominica. In particular, the calm seas along the west coast are ideal for diving, snorkeling and swimming. Dominica’s natural treasures will make a lasting impression!

Climate:

On Domenica there is a humid tropical climate with an annual average temperature between 24 and 30 degrees. There is no dry season in that sense. An accumulation of precipitation is recorded in the months from June to December, in which tropical storms (hurricanes) can also occur.

Best travel time:

The best time to travel to Dominica is from December to April.

Cuba

Cuba

According to Bridgat, Cuba is an island state in the Caribbean full of variety and contrasts, which has a lot to offer culturally and scenically. In the northwest, the island has a coastal strip to the Gulf of Mexico, but the entire north coast lies on the Atlantic Ocean. A fascinating flora and fauna, the beautiful sandy beaches and the diverse landscape in the interior make the heart of every nature lover beat faster. Cuba is an insider tip for diving enthusiasts and is the perfect diving spot in the Caribbean with its colorful and varied underwater world and the many shipwrecks. Cuba also has a lot to offer culturally and the history of the revolution is omnipresent. The still communist-ruled country is known to car enthusiasts for its very well-preserved American classic cars, the tourists even chauffeured around the country these days. With the unique hospitality and warmth of the Cubans, this country enchants almost every visitor.

Climate:

Cuba is characterized by a tropical savanna climate with two seasons. The rainy season covers the months between June and October. The average temperatures throughout the year reach highs between 25 and over 30 degrees Celsius, there are hardly any major fluctuations. In the Guantánamo Bay in the southeast there is a hot steppe climate with an average of 26.5 degrees, in the mountains the temperatures are correspondingly lower with an average of 19 to 20 degrees.

Best travel time:

Although Cuba is a year-round destination for surfers, divers and beach holidaymakers, the dry months between November and April are particularly recommended. If you want to avoid the main tourist season and travel to Cuba in the humid season, you should pay attention to the holidays from July to August and the hurricane season, which can drag on into November.

Dominican Republic

Dominican Republic

The Dominican Republic is one of the most geographically diverse countries in the Caribbean. It presents its visitors with alpine mountain ranges, the tropical rainforest, mangrove swamps, dream beaches and even desert areas and thus offers numerous and very diverse landscapes for nature and hiking enthusiasts. Between mid-January and the end of March, humpback whales can even be seen in Samaná Bay. See AllCityPopulation for country flags of Dominican Republic and other countries in Central America.

Climate:

The Dominican Republic has a tropical climate with an average temperature of around 25 degrees Celsius all year round. The values ​​are subject to fluctuations in the coastal regions and in the mountains. The north of the country has more rainfall than the hotter south. There is a rainy season between November and January (in the north) and from May to November in the south. Water temperatures between 25 and 27 degrees Celsius on the Caribbean and Atlantic coasts allow extensive beach holidays all year round.

Best travel time:

Basically, the Dominican Republic can be visited by water sports enthusiasts and trekking tourists all year round. It is a little drier in the months between December and May. In addition, travelers avoid the hurricane season, which is from June to November. Those who want to watch humpback whales in the Bay of Samaná have the opportunity to do so from mid-January to the end of March.

Trinidad and Tobago

Trinidad and Tobago

Fantastically beautiful landscapes with bathing paradises and lush green rainforests, species-rich flora and fauna, lively cities and a diverse culture – you will find this and much more in Trinidad and Tobago. The two-island state became famous for its colorful carnival week, to which thousands of people from all over the world travel every year. During the rest of the year you can enjoy your privacy here on the often deserted beaches. The smaller and more original island of Tobago is increasingly building on ecotourism and is still an insider tip for all nature lovers.

Climate:

The climate is tropical with an average annual temperature of 28 degrees.

Best travel time:

The dry season from January to May is the best time to travel.

 

Central America Travel Guide

Central America Travel Guide

Panama

Panama

According to Countryaah, there are 7 countries in Central America. Panama is one of them. Without a doubt, the Panama Canal plays a major role in this country, it shapes the history and also the culture of the country and the people. However, Panama is much more than just the canal: “The land of abundance of fish, trees and butterflies” – This is probably the most widespread meaning of the name “Panama”, which is mainly reflected in the rich diversity of flora and fauna Country shows.

In contrast, there is the cosmopolitan capital of Panama City. Here, skyscrapers and colonial buildings, salsa rhythms, as well as an incredible internationality of the inhabitants and indigenous peoples with a centuries-old tradition and culture meet.

Climate:

With daytime temperatures around 29 to 32 degrees Celsius all year round, Panama is characterized by a tropical climate. The Central American country offers slightly cooler temperatures on the Pacific west coast than on the north coast of the Caribbean, and the values ​​also drop at higher altitudes. The Caribbean side is with a rainy season between April and December – particularly productive in the months of September and October – significantly more humid than the part of the country facing the Pacific. The months of July and August are a little drier on the coast in southern Panama.

Best travel time:

Panama’s Pacific coast is an ideal travel destination during the dry months between December and March. Beach holidays on the northern Caribbean coast can also take place during this time, and divers also have good visibility when the sea is calm. The rainy season in the country can be used well for rafting.

Nicaragua

Nicaragua

Located in Central America, Nicaragua is criss-crossed by a chain of active volcanoes, which is why it is called the “land of a thousand volcanoes” for a reason. Nicaragua is small, it fits almost three times the size of Germany. In spite of this, this small country has a power pack of diverse landscapes, colorful culture and Latin American flair ready for you. According to AllCityPopulation, the biggest city of Nicaragua is Managua with a population of 1,262,978.

Climate:

Nicaragua is characterized by a tropical climate with constantly warm temperatures. The highest temperature values ​​in the lowland regions are 38 degrees Celsius, the central highlands have an average of no more than 27 degrees. It rains significantly more on the eastern Caribbean coast than on the Pacific coast in the west and in the highlands there.

Best travel time:

Little to hardly any rain makes the dry season between November and April attractive for Nicaragua trips to the Pacific coast. From the end of April, however, temperatures can rise uncomfortably again. The Caribbean rainforest in the lowlands is the ideal destination between February and April, where the dry period is a little shorter. Hurricanes are possible between June and November, so travel during this time is not recommended.

Guatemala

Guatemala

According to Bridgat, Guatemala is a country located in Central America. Guatemala offers a dramatic landscape profile, a rich indigenous culture, numerous witnesses of Mayan culture and an eventful history: Guatemala is one of the most impressive countries in Central America. Huge mountains, furrowed by river valleys and criss-crossed by plateaus, drop steeply to the Pacific coast and like a ramp to Lago Izabal and the banana country of the Caribbean coast. 33 volcanoes, including the extinct Tajumulco, at 4,220 meters the highest volcano in Central America, tower over the Sierras. To the north-east rise the mountains of Verapaz, characterized by coffee plantations, dense coniferous forests and raging rivers, to merge into a karst landscape of the Kegelberge and finally the dense jungle of the Peten. All over the country there are ruins of the ancient Mayan culture that once predominated here. The most famous are Tikal, Uaxactun, Dos Pilas or Aguateca in the Peten jungle. The descendants of the ancient Maya still dominate the country. They are unmistakable in the street scene with their colorful costumes.

Climate:

Guatemala has a tropical climate with constant warm temperatures throughout the year. Depending on the altitude, the temperatures can vary: With up to 40 degrees Celsius on the Pacific coast and in lower parts of Guatemala, it is significantly warmer than in the temperate regions between 1,000 and 1,800 meters. In the mountains it sometimes gets cold below zero at night. A dry season between November and May alternates with a rainy season, which brings repeated, heavy rain showers. On the coast to the Atlantic, it is rather humid all year round.

Best travel time:

Trekking tourists and wildlife watchers should stick to the dry season between October and May, when the temperatures are still bearable even at high altitudes. The rainy season is more suitable for water sports enthusiasts and surfers.

Costa Rica

Costa Rica

Costa Rica – the rich coast with impressive natural beauty. This safe and fascinating country is characterized by mysterious cloud forests, tropical rainforests in the highlands and jungles with extensive mangrove landscapes, volcanoes, lakes and coasts on the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific. Costa Rica has the highest density of national parks with 27% of the land area, which invite young and old to unique discoveries.

Sustainable expeditions into the tropical jungle and the numerous impressive national parks support environmentally friendly tourism on site: Species protection is very important here! How much the optimistic residents of Costa Rica live in harmony with themselves and nature can be seen in the local philosophy of life: “Pura Vida”.

You can get an insight into this e.g. For example, you can win sightseeing in the capital San José, where the Costa Rican National Museum is located. The annual carnival is also a spirited spectacle and attracts many tourists. A tour with the rainforest cable car or to one of the impressive waterfalls rounds off the perfect holiday experience in Costa Rica. The “Switzerland of Central America” ​​is also a very safe and politically stable country and does not have a standing military.

Climate:

Costa Rica is characterized by a tropical climate with an average annual temperature of 25 degrees Celsius. The rainy season, which is characterized by short heavy rains and wind, takes place in May and from late July to November. The dry season runs between December and April and from June to mid-July.

Best travel time:

Costa Rica can be visited all year round. Put your focus on hiking or trekking, visiting the Osa Peninsula with the very original Corcovado National Park, swimming and diving in the Pacific or unique nature and animal observations. A trip to Costa Rica in the dry season from December to April is worthwhile.

If you are interested in the diversity of birds native to Costa Rica, the travel period from May to July is suitable. Surfers especially benefit from the incomparable waves in the rainy season.

The phases of the moon and the correct travel time are important for observing the egg-laying of different turtle species. We recommend the months of August / September to be able to observe this emotional spectacle on both the Caribbean and Pacific coasts.

East Asia Travel Guide

East Asia Travel Guide

Mongolia

Mongolia

According to Countryaah, Mongolia is a huge landlocked country in Eastern Asia. It is more or less between Russia and China with an average altitude of 1500 m. From the taiga in the north to extensive steppes in the central part to deserts in the south (Gobi) there are different types of landscape. Nowhere in the world is more image material taken than here – in a country with over 300 days of sunshine per year and a color spectrum that is second to none. The high mountains are in the western part of the country – in the Altai, where the Kazakhs (mostly Muslims) are at home. Most of the rest of the country’s population follows the Tibetan Buddhist faith. Wide and deserted areas in the west enable the snow leopard, for example, to regain population.

Climate:

Mongolia is a country of extremes. There is a strongly continental climate. The humidity is very low, 80-90% of the precipitation falls from May to September. With over 260 sunny days a year, Mongolia is one of the sunniest countries in the northern hemisphere. Long arctic winters are normal, even in the Gobi desert the snow remains until April. Elsewhere, lakes are frozen until June. Summers are generally warm with an average of + 20 ° C. In the Gobi, however, you have to expect extreme temperatures of over + 40 ° C. As soon as the sun has set, the thermometer shows quite cool and fresh conditions.

Best travel time:

In the months of June to September the wide steppe is wrapped in a lush green. This is the time for round trips and trekking trips. Winter starts in October and lasts until mid-May. From October to April temperatures drop to extremely cold levels and snowstorms sweep across the country. Desert tours through the Gobi Desert should be scheduled in September, before it is too hot. Animal observations (takhis or snow leopards) can best be carried out in March.

Tibet

Tibet

This is what the Tibetans wish for and greet each other and also the foreign travelers. Due to the geographical conditions, in almost complete isolation from the rest of world events, a completely independent Buddhist-Lamaist high culture developed on the Tibetan plateau over thousands of years. At its head was and is the Dalai Lama, who is revered as God-King. The first European adventurers who managed to penetrate this legendary country reported of deeply religious people, wild nomadic tribes, people whose culture looked like they came from a distant past, of a peaceful but also feudal social structure. That was at the beginning of the 20th century! However, even then the country became the plaything of one of the greatest powers on earth. With the invasion of the People’s Liberation Army in 1951, the tide turned for freedom-loving Tibetans and their country.

Climate:

The highland climate is typical for Tibet, there are very sunny days and the temperatures differ extremely between the north of the country (Tibetan plateau) and the deeper south. The average temperature in Lhasa (southeastern Tibet) is 8 degrees Celsius.

Best travel time:

With the exception of winter, there are opportunities to travel to Tibet all year round. The drier, mild months of September and October are considered to be very cheap for trips to Tibet. For those who have no problem with the high temperatures, May and June are also well suited, as the following months of July and August are very rainy. In November the temperatures drop again before the very cold winter between December and February sets in.

China

China

According to Bridgat, China is a country located in East Asia. China, the land of the rising sun, impresses with gigantic dimensions and enormous diversity. With a history of over 5000 years, the Middle Kingdom is one of the oldest civilizations in the world. While modernity has long since found its way into the pulsating cities, the traditional way of life can still be found in the villages and small towns. Highlights such as the Great Wall of China, the Imperial Palace as a forbidden city, the Terracotta Army, the Silk Road, the Yangtze cruise or a journey on the sky train from Beijing to Lhasa are famous all over the world. But China has a lot more to offer. Nature lovers can experience the Huangshan Mountains and its bizarre rocky worlds, the Tiger Leaping Gorge in Yunnan, the picturesque karst hill landscape near Guilin, the rice terraces of Longsheng and of course the impressive mountains of the Himalayas on the border with Tibet, impressive landscapes. Let yourself be inspired by the rich historical heritage and discover the different facets in the land of smiles. See AllCityPopulation for country flags of China and other countries in Asia.

Climate:

Due to its expansion, China combines numerous climatic zones. While the summer in most regions of the country is warm to sometimes hot, the winter expresses itself regionally differently: extremely cold in the north and Inner Mongolia as well as in Tibet, much milder in the south and southwest of China. The north-east of the country has a continental climate, dry desert climate determines the west. In Tibet there is a cool mountain climate with temperature extremes, in the east up to the Yangtze a moderate monsoon climate, while the southeast is characterized by subtropical and tropical zones with heavy summer rainfall.

Best travel time:

The optimal travel time for China depends heavily on the respective region and the associated climate zone. Tourists should consider the periods May to June and September / October, as the temperatures are still pleasant at this time and there is hardly any precipitation. In autumn you also bypass the tourist high season. Summer and winter are rather unsuitable for a trip to the north or central China, as extreme temperatures and humid conditions are to be expected. Monsoon rains make the south unattractive between May and September.

 

South Asia Travel Guide

South Asia Travel Guide

Pakistan

Pakistan

According to Countryaah, Pakistan is located in Southern Asia. Pakistan is a tremendously diverse and interesting travel destination that unfortunately receives far too little attention in this country. It offers fascinating evidence from all epochs of human history as well as breathtaking landscapes and mighty mountains. The state of Pakistan emerged in 1947 from the predominantly Muslim parts of British India, while the areas with a mainly Hindu population and parts of Kashmir were added to today’s India.

In northern Pakistan, the Hindu Kush, the Karakoram and the Himalayas meet the three highest mountain ranges on earth. In the heavily glaciated Karakoram, north of the Indus, lies the K2, at 8,611 m the highest point in Pakistan and the second highest peak on earth. South of the upper Indus, the country has a small part of the Himalayas with the eight-thousander Nanga Parbat. Five of the world’s 14 eight-thousanders are on Pakistani territory.

Climate:

Pakistan is dominated by a continental subtropical climate, the temperatures change both during the day and during the year. The precipitation also differs from the coast to the lowlands to the high valleys.

Best travel time:

For active tours in the north Pakistani mountains, the European summer from June to mid-September is recommended. Trekking tours are not possible in the transition seasons, but locations near the valley are easy to travel to. Then there will be pleasant temperatures in the rest of Pakistan. The winter, on the other hand, is simply too cold and some regions cannot be reached due to the snowfall.

Maldives

Maldives

The Maldives, located in the Indian Ocean, is a chain of islands made up of several atolls and over 1000 islands to the west of Sri Lanka. Of the countless islands, only 220 are inhabited. The islands are overgrown with palm trees and breadfruit trees and are surrounded by endless sandy beaches and idyllic lagoons. The flora and fauna of the sea with its biodiversity and the colorful coral banks is a real Eldorado for divers and snorkelers.

Climate:

Tropical climate with constant warm temperatures between 28 and 31 ° C all year round – that’s the Maldives. There is also a rainy season here, which is between April and mid-October. With water temperatures between 26 and 28 ° C, the islands are a popular travel destination for bathers. On the beach, the continuous mild breeze provides a pleasant cool-down.

Best travel time:

Due to the warm temperatures, the Maldives is a year-round destination. There are a few relatively drier months between late October and February that are popular with diving tourists. The months of April to mid-October are considered unfavorable for a beach holiday because it is then rainy and windy. For diving, however, you can go to the west side of the atolls at exactly this time. Surfers prefer to use the rainy season. B. can also observe manta rays and whale sharks.

Bangladesh

Bangladesh

According to Bridgat, Bangladesh is a country located in South Asia. The largest mangrove area on earth, huge rivers in Asia, cultural heritage, ethnic minorities, pulsating markets as well as amiable and happy people – Bangladesh touches and awaits you with a full life, adventure and paths far away from mass tourism!

With the Sundarbans, Bangladesh and India share the largest mangrove forests in the world. The three huge rivers Brahmaputra, Ganges and Megha flow into the Bay of Bengal, which is completely adjacent to the south of Bangladesh. In addition to Myanmar in the southeast, the rest of the country is surrounded by five Indian states. With the capital Dhaka, Bangladesh has one of the fastest growing megacities and with Cox’s Bazar one of the longest beaches in the world.

Climate:

The tropical climate of Bangladesh is influenced by the southwest monsoons. The rainy season, from June to October, the cool season, from November to February, and the hot and dry summer, from March to May, are the three main seasons.

Cyclones can occur in March, April and October.

Best travel time:

The optimal travel time for Bangladesh is in the cooler season after the monsoon rains between November and February. Because of the very humid and hot conditions as well as the massive impediments from the monsoons and tropical storms, travelers should avoid the other months of the year.

Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka

It is impressive how the island state can inspire with its incredible diversity in relation to its size. Not even as big as Bavaria, Sri Lanka in the Indian Ocean offers an indescribable wealth – breathtaking flora and fauna, ancient cultural history and warm people. The landscape ranges from palm-fringed sandy beaches to the rainforest to the highlands and the dry plains. The former Ceylon was considered one of the centers of ancient Buddhism. Today the country is a multi-religious and multi-ethnic nation in which, in addition to Buddhism, Hinduism, Christianity and Islam are major religions. According to AllCityPopulation, the biggest city of Sri Lanka is Colombo with a population of 752,993.

Climate:

The climate in Sri Lanka is mainly influenced by two monsoons. The south-west monsoon brings intense rainfall to the south-west and west coast from mid-May to the end of September, while the east and north-east of Sri Lanka remain dry during this time. In the east and northeast, the rainy season is between October and mid-April. The central mountain region is considered a climate divide.

Best travel time:

Due to the opposite monsoon seasons on the east and west coast, Sri Lanka can be visited all year round. The months between May and September are ideal for the east of the island. If you travel to the west and south of Sri Lanka to swim, you should choose the period between December and April. Thanks to its consistently warm temperatures, the north is an attractive travel destination almost all year round; the probability of rain only increases in November and December. If you want to travel the entire island, you should especially choose the transitional months between dry and rainy seasons.

Bhutan

Bhutan

Bhutan is a country with a fascinating landscape and culture. The small (last) Himalayan kingdom offers its visitors a multitude of sights and a great diversity of nature. The cultural heritage of this country is immense and far from fully explored. Through centuries of isolation and the restriction of entry possibilities, the Bhutanese culture has been able to remain almost unadulterated. The government of Bhutan is pursuing the course of soft quality tourism to protect the natural beauty and cultural heritage of the country. The preservation of nature is also one of the main concerns of the Bhutanese government. The country is listed in the top 10 top quality travel destinations in the world. A trip to Bhutan is a unique travel experience!

Climate:

The climate in Bhutan is very different due to the different altitudes in the individual parts of the country. While the south has a subtropical to tropical climate with high temperatures and abundant rainfall during the monsoons, the valleys of central Bhutan have a moderate climate with cool winters and warmer summers. In the high mountains, the winters are extremely severe and the summers are rather cool.

Best travel time:

The best travel time is the relatively dry periods between March and May and from mid-September to mid-November: Then spring beckons with blooming carpets of flowers and autumn offers a very good view of the white peaks against a deep blue sky. Due to the heavy rainfall, one should avoid the monsoon season in the months of June to August.

West Asia Travel Guide

West Asia Travel Guide

Armenia

Armenia

According to Countryaah, Armenia is a landlocked country in western Asia and, together with Georgia and Azerbaijan, forms the threshold to Asia. The country located in the Lesser Caucasus is today only a “remnant” of the once huge settlement area of ​​the Armenians, which extended over large areas of Anatolia and Northern Persia. Today less than 1/3 of the ethnic Armenians live in the mother country. With the dissolution of the USSR in 1991, Armenia gained its independence. The capital of the country is Yerevan. Due to its visa-free regime and great hospitality, Armenia has an increasing number of tourists. Find more details about the country in our Caucasus brochure.

Climate:

The mean altitude of the country is 1800 m and 90% of the area is above 1000 m. Overall, the climate here is continental, with hot, dry summers and cold winters with little snow. The two surrounding seas, the Caspian Sea and the Black Sea, ensure a climatic balance and prevent even greater temperature fluctuations. Due to the differences in altitude in the individual provinces, there are small local microclimates.

Best travel time:

The best time to travel to Armenia is from the beginning of May to the end of October with warm, sunny days and mild nights. The winter is very cold in many places. The months of February to mid-April are suitable for ski tours and winter sports in the mountains.

Georgia

Georgia

According to Bridgat, Georgia is a country located in West Asia. Georgia offers a multitude of different landscapes in a very small space. And the Georgians themselves are a proverbial hospitable people, whose culinary magic was legendary in Soviet times. Like Armenia, Georgia also has an eventful history. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, the country gained its independence. Georgia is slowly regaining its position as the former center for tourism in the USSR. With its high mountains, the Black Sea coast and its wine-growing areas, it attracts more and more tourists and globetrotters. Visa-free travel and good connections to Europe point the way in the tourism industry. Find more details about the country in our Caucasus brochure.

Climate:

Georgia offers a wide range of vegetation zones with a subtropical climate on the Black Sea coast, an alpine climate in the High Caucasus and a continental climate in the semi-desert in the east of the country. Relatively mild winters and warm, long summers with high humidity are typical of the coast. In the mountains, on the other hand, the climate is comparable to that of our Alps.

Best travel time:

Hikers and mountaineers come to the Caucasus from June to mid-September. Culture lovers visit Georgia between May and mid-October. However, the summers are very hot in the lower elevations. Winter sports fans go to the winter sports areas from April to mid-May. The annual grape harvest takes place from mid-August to October. This period forms the high season for tourism.

Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia

Climate:

Saudi Arabia is one of the driest and hottest countries on earth. The low rainfall is even lower in the interior of the country, in the Rub-al-Khali desert it often does not rain for years. The desert climate causes striking differences in temperatures. Accordingly, maximum values ​​of 50 degrees Celsius are reached in summer, while night temperatures can drop to below zero, especially at high altitudes in the mountains. On the coast of the Red Sea there are summer temperatures of up to 45 degrees, which feel uncomfortably humid due to the high humidity (up to 80%). Even in the winter months, temperatures of up to 30 degrees can be reached during the day.

Best travel time:

Due to the extremely high temperatures of up to 40 degrees in summer, the winter months from November to February are recommended for trips to Saudi Arabia. Then the daytime temperatures average between 23 and 27 degrees, the nights can be significantly cooler.

United Arab Emirates

United Arab Emirates

The United Arab Emirates are scenically and culturally fascinating. With its artificial island, opulent hotels and buildings, it has a strong recognition value. Abu Dhabi, the capital of the UAE, is the second largest city in the country and an important industrial and cultural center. The country borders with Saudi Arabia and Oman. In addition to the magnificent Abu Dhabi or Dubai, the 7 other Emirates are also worth seeing. For example, Fujairah, located on the coast, where you will find first-class snorkeling and diving conditions, or Ras-al-Khamiah with its excellent terrain slopes and hiking routes in the wild Hajar Mountains. See AllCityPopulation for country flags of United Arab Emirates and other countries in Middle East.

Climate:

Subtropical, hot and dry desert climate is typical for the United Arab Emirates. In the warmer and dry months between May and October, maximum temperatures of 40-50 ° C are possible, in the second half of the year they still reach 22-30 ° C, whereby the nights in the desert can be very cold. Both in winter and at the beginning of summer, the country is covered by the sandy and dusty northwest wind Shamal. The coast of the Emirates has an extremely high humidity of up to 90%.

Best travel time:

The period between November and April can be regarded as particularly suitable. In the other half of the year, the intense radiation from the sun, high temperatures and the humid conditions in the country make traveling in the United Arab Emirates difficult.

Israel

Israel

So small and yet so multifaceted. The Holy Land is a melting pot of nations and the center of the three great world religions. But Israel’s geographic diversity is also impressive. It is bordered by three seas: the Mediterranean, the Red Sea, and the Dead Sea.

Climate:

The climate can be roughly divided into two parts, the Negev desert in the south and the north of the country. The north has a Mediterranean climate with hot and dry summers and mild, humid winters. The daytime temperatures in summer can reach up to 30 ° C and high humidity. In contrast, the Negev and Jordan Valley have a desert climate. Rain falls here very little or never. The nights in the desert are quite cool whereas the heat between March and October often reaches 40 ° C.

Best travel time:

Israel can be visited at any time of the year. However, temperatures in most regions are mildest in spring from March to May and in autumn from September to October.

Oman

Oman

Oman shows itself as a country from 1001 nights: the oldest market in Oman in Muscat, the most beautiful mountain village Misfat al-Ibriyin, the highest mountain Jebel Shams, the oldest and largest fortress in Bahla (UNESCO) and the contrasting Wahiba desert are there just some of the highlights the Arab country has to offer. The diversity and beauty of the Omani landscape, characterized by rugged mountains and lush green wadis, springs with crystal clear water, picturesque adobe villages, extensive terraced fields and endless dune formations deepen this impression and make Oman an exclusive travel destination.

Climate:

Northern summer temperatures of over 40 degrees Celsius and, on the other hand, mild winters characterize the subtropical climate of Oman. The interior is characterized by a desert climate and hot summers of up to 50 degrees. In the south, the average tropical temperatures reach around 30 degrees in summer.

Best travel time:

The winter months with less precipitation between November and mid-March are recommended for trips to Oman, in contrast to the humid and hot summer months, pleasant temperatures of around 25 degrees prevail.

Central Asia Travel Guide

Central Asia Travel Guide

Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan

When one speaks of the Silk Road, one often has images of the oasis cities of Khiva, Bukhara or Samarkand in mind. The Central Asian interior is embedded in almost 2/3 of the Kyzylkum desert. Fertile plains can be found in the Fergana Valley, in the far east of the country. The two largest rivers in the country are the Amur Darya and the Syr Darya. The environmental catastrophe at the Aral Sea can be traced back to the massive diversion of water from the two rivers to manage oases. Uzbekistan is a country for culture enthusiasts. Nowhere in Central Asia are there so many monumental structures and blue domes as in Uzbekistan. A very well developed tourist infrastructure makes traveling through the country very pleasant. The world famous Registan of Samarkand is the symbol of the country. Tashkent, the capital,

Climate:

Uzbekistan has a strictly continental climate. The summers are extremely hot but dry, which makes peaks above 50 degrees bearable. Winters are dry and very cold.
Rain only falls in the spring and autumn months.

Best travel time:

The classic cultural tours usually take place between April and early June and between mid / late August and late October. Then it is not too hot for a tour of the historic old towns. Overland trips through the desert are then also not too strenuous. Nevertheless, you can also travel to the country in the winter months. On the other hand, the warmer and dry summer months of July and August are suitable for hikes and excursions in the rather unknown Uzbek mountains.

Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan

According to Countryaah, Turkmenistan is a landlocked country in Central Asia and was a Soviet Socialist Republic until independence in 1991. About 95% of the country’s area is taken up by the Karakum Desert. Little is known about the country itself to this day. News and information almost never get outside. The capital Ashgabat is an oasis in the truest sense of the word. All of the country’s ministries and important banks are located here. This city is bursting with splendor. The country shows its enormous wealth here.

Climate:

In Turkmenistan there is a continental climate everywhere with extremely hot summers and very cold winters. Due to the low humidity, temperatures above 55 degrees can still be tolerated. There are significant temperature differences between day and night and from season to season.

Best travel time:

In Turkmenistan, the spring months of April and May and autumn between September and mid-November are recommended for tours. The hot summer and very cold winter months are unfavorable for traveling overland. The blooming desert makes spring especially attractive as a travel period.

Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan is located in the high mountains of the Tienshan, the highest peaks of which reach over 7000 m. The border with China also runs across the 7,439 m high Pik Pobedy, the highest mountain in the country and the second highest peak in the former USSR. In the south of Kyrgyzstan rise the Alai and Transalai mountains and the foothills of the Pamir. Overall, more than 50 percent of the state’s area is higher than 2500 m. After all, glaciers and permanent snow cover three percent of the country’s area. Issyk Kul is the largest lake in Kyrgyzstan. The population is mainly concentrated in the Tschüi valley in the north and the Fergana valley in the south as well as around the large lake Issyk Kul. The southern end of the country is formed by the Alai mountain range with Pik Tandykul (5544 m) as the highest peak. The Naryn, Tschüi and Talas are among the most important rivers in the country. Up to an altitude of 1500 m, the land consists of steppe, which, however, has been made arable through extensive irrigation systems. From 1500 m, alpine meadows and pastures dominate, which reach up to the snow fields and glaciers. The forests are located at altitudes of 1500 to 4000 m above sea level. NN and are home to about 120 tree and shrub species. With only four percent forest area, Kyrgyzstan is one of the least forested countries in Asia. According to AllCityPopulation, the capital of Kyrgyzstan is Bishkek with a population of 976,734.

Climate:

The climate of Kyrgyzstan is characterized by dry and continental hot summers and cold winters. The daily temperature fluctuations are significant. In the south of the country, temperatures of 45 ° C are measured in summer, while temperatures can drop to minus 18 ° C in winter. The sunny weather is typical (247 sunny days per year!). The amount of precipitation varies between 100 ml and 1000 ml. Heavy snowfalls occur especially in January, but February is already milder again.

Best travel time:

Kyrgyzstan has a continental dry climate with very cold winters and dry, hot summers. Spring and autumn are best for visiting the lower elevations of Kyrgyzstan. The months of April and May ensure a blooming season across the country. In September and October, however, is harvest time, during which the markets are filled with fresh fruit and vegetables and the forests are colored in autumn. At both times the temperatures are pleasant in contrast to the hot summers and cold winters. In turn, the months of July and August are best suited for hiking and trekking tours in the high mountains. The average temperatures are then around 20 to 25 ° C and even above 3,000 m, mostly up to 15 ° C. In winter, snowfalls make many mountain regions inaccessible. In the lowlands it is bitterly cold. However, if you want to go to Kyrgyzstan for skiing, you should come during the long and snowy ski season from December to April.

Tajikistan

Tajikistan

According to Bridgat, Tajikistan is a high mountain country in Central Asia. More than half of the country’s area is at an altitude of 3000 m or higher. Tajikistan has borders with Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, China and Afghanistan. The mighty Pamir with peaks over 7000 meters dominates the east of the country. The land is rich in water, but due to the relief, only a few areas can be used for agriculture. Tajikistan is becoming more and more the focus of trekkers, mountaineers and adventurers. Highlights are undoubtedly the Fan Mountains in the east as well as the Pamir and Pamir Highway.

Climate:

The climate is extremely continental (cold winters and hot summers). Tajikistan is also characterized by large differences in altitude, which in turn causes different climatic zones. The mountain valleys in the Pamirs are more or less cut off from the rest of the country in the winter months. In the lower parts of the country it can get very hot in summer. 45 degrees or more are not uncommon in July and August.

Best travel time:

The cities of Dushanbe, Khudjand and Pendschikent can be easily visited from April. Tours there are also possible from October to mid-November. Generally in summer too, but then it’s incredibly hot. You can drive on the Pamir Highway from May, but you always have to expect extreme weather conditions. There can still be a lot of snow on the passes. The autumn storms set in in the Pamir highlands as early as October and it can get uncomfortable. Mountain tours in the high mountains can only be carried out from mid-June to mid-September. Good equipment and clothing are essential for any trip to Tajikistan.

Central Africa Travel Guide

Central Africa Travel Guide

Democratic Republic of Congo

Democratic Republic of Congo

According to Countryaah, there are 9 countries in Central Africa. Democratic Republic of the Congo is one of them. The DR Congo has lush nature, an exciting history and a very hospitable population! The country was originally home to several kingdoms and one of the largest African states. The Kingdom of the Congo, founded in the 14th century, stood out in particular. After a checkered history, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DR Congo) – until 1960 the Belgian Congo, from 1971 to 1997 Zaïre – today is the third largest state in Africa and covers an area of ​​2,345,411 square kilometers, making it 6.6 times the size of Germany. The DR Congo should not be confused with the western Republic of the Congo, the former French Congo. Tropical rainforest covers two thirds of the republic. In addition to dense forests and savannahs, many primeval forest rivers shape the landscape. The largest remaining rainforest areas in Africa are home to innumerable animal and plant species; There are said to be 1,600 different species of butterflies in the DR Congo alone – more than in any other country in the world. Primates in particular have an immense attraction on travelers: in the DR Congo, bonobos can be seen as well as the eastern lowland gorillas.

Climate:

The Democratic Republic of the Congo has an equatorial climate with year-round rain and a fairly constant temperature of around 26 degrees Celsius in the central part of the country. In the north and south, a rainy and dry season alternate with a moderate climate.

Best travel time:

Depending on the region, the period from December to February is suitable for a trip to the north of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, whereas the months between April and October are favorable for the south. In general, the rainy season should be avoided due to the high humidity and heavy rainfall.

Republic of the Congo

Republic of the Congo

According to Bridgat, the Republic of the Congo is located in central Africa. Until 1960, when the French Congo was a colony of France, it should not be confused with the southeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, the former Belgian Congo and Zaïre. There was already slave trade in the Congo estuary in the 17th and 18th centuries, and French proselytizing began in 1766. From 1875, Pierre Brazza began exploring the country. This was followed by the establishment of a military post in the Congo, from which the city of Brazzaville emerged. The Republic of the Congo is one of the more exotic travel destinations in the tourism industry. Tourist highlights are undoubtedly the rare lowland gorillas and extremely shy forest elephants living in the north-west in the rainforest.

Climate:

The African country has high temperatures and high humidity all year round. The dry season between June and September is followed by a humid rainy season with sometimes strong tropical thunderstorms. The average annual temperature is between 22 and 27 degrees Celsius, with the thermometer rising to over 30 degrees during the day. The Atlantic moderates both the amount of rain and the humidity on the west coast of the Republic of the Congo. In the inland rainforest, it is correspondingly more humid.

Best travel time:

The warm and humid tropical climate can put a heavy strain on European tourists, which is why the dry season between June and September is recommended for trips when the temperatures and humidity have dropped somewhat. In December and January it is still cheap to travel to the north of the Congo. The humid rainy season is not advisable.

Gabon

Gabon

Gabon is a country of incredible natural beauty. More than 70 percent of Gabon’s area is covered by tropical rainforest. Because of the difficult climatic conditions there are hardly any roads and a thin settlement (4-6 Ew./qKm), which is mainly concentrated in cities. The population is 1.2 million people, as a result of which there is little settlement pressure on nature. The statistics speak for themselves: 64,000 elephants, 25,000 gorillas, 35,000 chimpanzees, 680 bird species, 2,000 to 3,000 humpback whales and 320 types of orchids are native to the forests of Gabon. Here you can find quite rare zoological species such as lowland gorillas, mandrills, forest elephants, bongo antelopes and spotted rockhoppers. Gabon’s landscapes range from savannah and coast to dense tropical rainforest; Visitors to this country are constantly discovering new natural beauties. About 10% of the land area of ​​Gabon has been placed under protection by the government. 13 national parks have been opened since 2002. The best known are the Reserve de la Lopé, but also the Ivindo National Park or the Loango National Park, where there are unique opportunities to experience Gabon’s fauna.

Climate:

The African country Gabon has a tropical climate, which causes high temperatures all year round. At night, temperatures rarely drop below 20 degrees Celsius, and during the day an average of 26 degrees is reached in the coastal region. There is also an extremely high humidity of up to 98%. The course of the year is determined by a longer rainy season between mid-January to mid-May, followed by a dry period up to around September, before a few more rainy months follow.

Best travel time:

For a tour to Gabon you should use the dry periods between June and September and the two months of December and January. During this period animal observations are possible, and the trade winds lower the humidity a little. At the turn of the year turtles come to the beaches to lay their eggs. Whales can be seen off the coast from July to September.

Chad

Chad

Chad is probably the least known country in Central Africa – mainly because of its extremely fragile security situation. Chad, which is more than three times the size of Germany, has unique natural beauties: In the bizarre desert landscapes of the Ennedi Plateau, a labyrinthine world of sandstone formations, there are ancient inscriptions and rock art. In the north of the country, the largest groundwater lakes in the Sahara are located in the middle of dune areas and pyramid-shaped table mountains – and the highest mountain range in the Sahara, the Tibesti, with the more than 3,000-meter-high Emi Koussi. The Zakouma National Park southeast of the capital N’Djamena is one of the best places in Central Africa to observe huge herds of elephants, giraffes, wildebeest, lions as well as numerous antelope species, primates and birds.

Climate:

In the north of Chad there is a dry desert climate, here is the Sahara desert. In May, peak temperatures of 45 to 50 degrees Celsius are reached here, and the nights are often much cooler than the days. A rainy season runs between June and September in the so-called Sahel zone (the center of the country). The south of the country is characterized by a humid, humid and hot tropical climate with a rainy period between May and October.

Best travel time:

The drier winter months of November, December, January and February are given as the optimal travel period for Chad because the temperatures are then lower. In the rainy season, many paths can no longer be reached and the humidity rises uncomfortably high. The extremely hot spring and summer months are also unfavorable for traveling.

 

West Africa Travel Guide

West Africa Travel Guide

Togo

Togo

According to Countryaah, Togo is a country with a fascinating landscape and culture located on the west coast of Africa. It offers its visitors a multitude of sights and a great diversity of nature. The markets for traditional medicine and fetishes are well known. The country’s beaches invite you to relax, with a little luck you can watch Togo’s last wild animals in the national parks.

Climate:

Togo is characterized by a humid tropical climate. The average temperature in the north with less precipitation is 30 degrees Celsius, slightly higher than on the south coast to the Atlantic (27 degrees). The rainy and dry seasons are slightly offset in north and south Togo: the dry season in the north runs between November and April, the south is characterized by two rainy and two dry seasons, with the dry periods between mid-July and mid-September and between December and March pass.

Best travel time:

The north of the country offers bearable temperatures and falling humidity between November and mid-February after the rainy season. The south of Togo is recommended for tourists between December and March (long dry season) and between mid-July and mid-September (short dry season). The period from April to October is unfavorable when the rainy season causes humid heat and floods in the country.

Gambia

Gambia

The Gambia is a country with a fascinating landscape and culture. Located on the west coast of Africa, the approximately 740 km long border follows the course of the Gambia River over a length of 480 km and a width of 10 to 50 km. Apart from the coast, the Gambia is enclosed by Senegal, which is twenty times larger. The unusual borderline of the Gambia results from the fact that in colonial times this was the range of the cannons of British ships on the navigable part of the river.

Climate:

In Gambia, a dry and rainy season alternate under a warm tropical climate. While the temperatures on the coast are mostly bearable, in spring in the interior of the country they can reach 43 degrees Celsius per day. The rainy season prevails between June and November, in the dry months the Harmattan causes a little lower humidity.

Best travel time:

The dry period between November and May is perceived as particularly favorable when the thermometer no longer exceeds 30 degrees and the humidity drops. In the months between November and February migratory birds can be observed, which stay in Gambia over the winter. There are also many tourists in the country during the same period. October and November are recommended for a beach holiday on the Atlantic, the water is warm and the beaches are not overcrowded. Summer is not recommended due to the rainy season and its humid heat.

Cape Verde

Cape Verde

According to Bridgat, Cape Verde is a country located in West Africa. The archipelago of the Republic of Cape Verde consists of 15 islands and further small islets, nine of which are inhabited. Located in the central Atlantic off the west coast of Africa, a distinction is made between islands above the wind and islands below the wind. The latter include Maio, Santiago, Fogo and Brava as well as the uninhabited group of islands of the Ilheus do Rombo. The islands over the wind are Santo Antao, Sao Vicente, Sao Nicolau, Sal Boa Vista and the uninhabited islands of Santa Luzia, Branco and Raso.

Best travel time:

The islands can be visited all year round, but the months November to June are very pleasant as it is not so humid during this time. In the further hotter months, the sea breeze always provides a little cooling, so that this weather is also quite pleasant for a vacation.

Senegal

Senegal

The scenic and culturally fascinating Senegal is located on the west coast of Africa. The small state of Gambia is completely enclosed in the interior, while Senegal borders Mauritania in the north, Mali in the east and Guinea and Guinea-Bissau in the south. The landscape of Senegal is noticeably flat and most of the country is below 100 m above sea level. A depression that slopes gently towards the Atlantic coast covers around 80 percent of the country, the only exceptions are the Fouta-Djalon foothills in the southwest and the Bambouk mountains in the Falémé river basin on the Malian border. In the north, south of the Senegal basin, lies the dry Sahel plain Fouta Ferlo with rather sparse vegetation.

Climate:

The north of the country is subject to the dry and hot northeast trade wind, which causes the desert climate there. Maximum values ​​of over 30 degrees Celsius in summer are not uncommon, in winter the temperatures then drop to around 25 degrees. The rainy season runs in the north between July and October. The tropical south of the country is subject to the warm, humid monsoon winds during the rainy season between April and November, with temperatures of up to 40 degrees and a humidity of up to 95%. On the western Atlantic coast the temperatures are somewhat more moderate, while extreme values ​​of over 50 degrees can be reached on the eastern border with Mali.

Best travel time:

The optimal travel time for Senegal is the period between November and May. During the sunny dry season, divers have a clear view in the water, and migratory birds can also be observed. In the interior of Senegal, however, it will be too hot. Traveling to Senegal during the rainy season is not recommended due to the extreme humidity, especially in the south, and the abundant rainfall.

Ghana

Ghana

Ghana is a scenically and culturally fascinating country, located on the west coast of Africa. Since the publication of the new constitution in 1992 by the Rawlings government, the country has been on a growth path, characterized by political stability and democratic elections. In contrast to its two neighbors, Ivory Coast and Togo, the country and its structures have since become more stable and the World Bank and the IMF believe that the country can still achieve strong economic growth if raw material prices continue to rise. Political stability and the investments that go with it have created a tourist infrastructure in recent years that makes travel throughout the country possible. According to AllCityPopulation, the biggest city of Ghana is Accra with a population of 1.594 million.

Climate:

Compared to the north of the country, southern Ghana is a little more humid. The whole country is characterized by a tropical climate with dry and rainy seasons. On the coast, the average annual temperatures of around 27 degrees Celsius are somewhat lower than in northern Ghana. Two rainy seasons in the period from April to June and in the months of September and October characterize the south with high humidity of up to 90%. The north of the country only has one rainy season, which is between April and October. Then the thermometer rises up to 42 degrees. The dry season is caused by the dry, hot trade wind Harmattan from the Sahara.

Best travel time:

The dry season between November and March is recommended for a trip to Ghana. During this period, the water temperature in the Atlantic is ideal for swimming, and the humidity is slightly lower than in the other humid and rainy months. The temperatures in August, which lies between two rainy seasons, are also still bearable.

Madagascar Country Profile 2010-2011

Madagascar Country Profile 2010-2011

The year 2009 was a dramatic year for Madagascar. After the March 17 coup in which the young mayor of the capital, Andry Rajoelina (35), took power and forced President Marc Ravalomanana (60) into exile in South Africa, the country has undergone a continuous crisis. The crisis continued in 2010 and has major consequences for countries, people and, not least, for nature and the environment.

President Marc Ravalomanana was Madagascar’s richest man because he governed a large business empire built on dairy farming and food production across a wide range. He was accused of mingling his own business with the state’s economy. For public positions, he favored people from his group and from his own ethnic group, the marina. The coastal population has always regarded this inland group as privileged when it comes to the development of schools, health services and infrastructure. See DigoPaul.com for location and map of Madagascar.

All indications were that the president was safe after he was re-elected in December 2006 for another five years with 55 percent of the vote. So he was only halfway into his second presidential term when the coup happened. The president’s party had a majority in the National Assembly and Senate and in almost all the 1500 municipalities. An important exception was the capital, where the young mayor Andry Rajoelina swept Ravalomanana’s candidate and secured 63 percent of the vote. The mayor advocated dissatisfaction that had built up in the population. He was a well-known disc jockey and ran some advertising business in Antananarivo, but no one had thought of the possibility of him becoming the country’s de facto president.

Three events triggered the coup. First, Ravalomanana shut down the radio transmitter to Rajoelina because it had sent a speech that ex-President Didier Ratsiraka had kept from his exile in Paris. Second, it was known that the government had begun negotiations with the South Korean company Daewoo for the lease of a land area the size of half Belgium for 99 years for the production of maize to South Korea. Third, in January 2009, the president went on to purchase a luxury aircraft called “Air Force One” for $ 60 million.

It was impossible to come forward with criticism of the regime, also because of the president’s arrogant style of government, and people in Antananarivo began to demonstrate in the streets. Thousands joined in on Andry Rajoelina’s orange demonstration. On “Black Monday” January 26, the popular movement got out of control and set fire to both the president’s business and department stores and the national broadcast, then to other businesses as well.

February 7 turned “red Saturday”. Then Rajoelina and the political group he had created sent “the High Authority of the Transitional Government” (HAT), the crowd towards the presidential palace in the middle of the city. Here, the protesters were shot, and 31 people were killed and many injured. The movement had now received its martyrs.

The turning point came on March 8, when some colonels in the army made mutiny and took control of the weapons stock without caring about their generals. The defense minister was forced to step down. The following week, the militia marched toward the presidential palace outside the city where Ravalomanana resided. On the morning of March 17, the president gave power to the top generals. When the statement was read to Rajoelina in the presence of the church leaders, the UN representative and the US ambassador, he refused to accept the decision and “kidnapped” the generals. The generals were forced to give power to Andry Rajoelina.

Threatened by life, Ravalomanana had to flee to South Africa, where he still resides. The Constitutional Court approved the takeover of power and Rajoelina was appointed president. He immediately dissolved the Senate and National Assembly and has since ruled dictatorially by decrees.

The international community with the United Nations and the African Union (AU) at the forefront set up an international contact group to negotiate between the parties. In August, the three previously elected presidents Zafy, Ratsiraka, Ravalomanana and de facto President Rajoelina met for negotiations in the Mozambican capital Maputo. There, they signed an agreement on a “consensual and inclusive” solution to the conflict. This was subsequently extended with a supplementary agreement in Addis Ababa. According to this, all four political groups should get their hands on the wheel, with Rajoelina being the head of state and interim president, Zafy and Ravalomanana being represented with each co-president, and Ratsiraka getting the prime minister.

But when Rajoelina returned to Madagascar, he continued his one-sided rule. A new meeting in Maputo in early December was boycotted by Rajoelina. He then appointed a new prime minister and launched the idea of ​​a new national assembly in the spring of 2010. At the time of writing, it was uncertain when this could be done.

The consequences of the crisis have been great. The tourism sector, which had 320,000 tourists in 2008, has collapsed. All major donors, the World Bank, EU, US and Norway, have frozen state-by-state aid. Only humanitarian and health care assistance has been maintained. Gross domestic product growth was 7 percent in 2008, but fell to 0.8 percent in 2009. It is estimated that the crisis has led to the loss of some 300,000 jobs, especially in the tourism and textile industries. Education reform, which was well on its way to modernizing and expanding primary school from five to seven years, has stopped.

Only France has maintained state-by-state assistance, and many believe that France has indirectly supported the coup maker to safeguard French economic and cultural interests. There are 25,000 French people living on the island, many of whom are engaged in business. While Ravalomanana worked to liberalize the economy and entered into agreements with Canada, Germany, China and others, Rajoelina has forged stronger ties with France. But France, too, officially supports a unifying solution to the conflict.

One of the most tragic is that the cessation of state aid has led to environmental crime in the national parks. Because tourism revenue from ecotourism collapsed, foresters lost their revenue. Harvesting of timber from the rain forest has led to rare species of animals, such as lemurs and chameleons, being threatened with extinction. Natural parks that are on UNESCO’s World Heritage List due to biodiversity are at risk of being destroyed due to valuable timber exports to China, without the government trying to stop it.

The human rights situation has also deteriorated. In a report published in January 2010, Amnesty International points out that there have been a number of violations of basic human rights under the coup regime: accidental political arrests, inhuman treatment, persistent attacks on journalists and the media, and even illegal killings. The Madagascar de facto authorities (HAT) have not brought such abuses to judicial review, giving the impression that they have been approved at the highest level.

Country facts:

Area: 587 041 km2 (20th largest)

Population: 19 million

Population density: 33 per km2

Urban population: 29 percent

Largest city: Antananarivo – approx. 1.7 million

GDP per capita: $ 488

Economic growth: 5 percent

HDI Position: 145

Cape Verde

Cape Verde

Around 500,000 people live on the nine islands that make up Cape Verde. About as many live outside the country’s borders, but count as race-worthy. Politically, the country is very stable. Cape Verde has long had a good development, both financially and healthily, but still depends on foreign aid.

From the liberation in 1975 to 1990, Partido Africano then ruled the Independência de Cabo Verde (PAICV) as the only party. The 1991 election was Africa’s first peaceful transition to multi-party rule (along with São Tomé and Principe) and was won by the liberalist Movimento para a Democracia (MpD). MPD won again in 1995, but lost in 2001 to PAICV, which also won the election in January 2006.

PAICV’s victory at that time was partly due to voters’ dissatisfaction with abuse of power and internal clutter in MpD. The election in 2006 further strengthened the party’s position and PAICV today stands as a modern party, with an almost social democratic profile.

Parliament has 72 seats, and the emigrant population elects 6 of the representatives. Cape Verde has seven parties, but only three of them are represented in parliament after the last election in 2006. PAICV got 41 of the seats in the election and MpD 29, and the last two seats went to the party União Cabo-verdiana Independente e Democrática (UCID ).

In the local elections in 2008, MPD won big. They won in 11 municipalities, including the two largest cities, while PAICV won in 10. The only other party to win a local election was Grupo Independente para Modernizar Sal (GIMS), an independent group working to modernize Sal, one of the Cape Verde’s total of nine inhabited islands. However, GIMS received support from MpD and is considered here as an Mpd municipality.

Although the country’s political stability persists, regionalization trends can be challenging. At the same time, the country is in practice governed by only two parties. The 2011 election, which also requires a new president, can indicate the direction in which the country’s political system will go.

The biggest political debates in recent years have been the public sale of real estate and the effect of the privatization of larger state-owned enterprises. The electricity supply is still unstable. The power price and the “Norwegian” gasoline prices create a number of problems at the individual level as well as for the business sector more generally.

The human rights situation on Cape Verde is better than in most African countries. However, torture of prisoners has been reported, and the police are accused of taking child and women abuse too easily. Drug-related crime and violence are a growing problem, but Cape Verde is still considered a safe country to travel to.

Dependency of aid

Cape Verde exports fish, lobster, some fruit and products from light industry (shoes and clothes). There are small development opportunities in industry and agriculture, and the dependence on the tourism industry is increasing. The country has no significant natural resources, and chronic rainfall is causing major problems for agriculture. Only about 15 percent of the country’s 4,033 square kilometers are arable land. There is still some hardship, because the owners live abroad and hinder development. The PAICV government has long wanted a land reform. Unemployment is around 20-25 percent. Gross domestic product (GDP) is US $ 5214 per person.

Cape Verde today is highly dependent on outside assistance, an addiction that seems to persist for a long time to come. Around 90 percent of the aid is grants. This has become possible partly because Cape Verde has been politically stable since the liberation and the level of corruption is low. However, increasing corruption is registered. The currency (Cape Verde Escudos, CVE) is set at a fixed exchange rate against the euro. Inflation appears to be under control. Cape Verde has achieved a special partner status in the EU, according to the Cotonou Agreement.

The relatively good standard of living in Cape Verde paradoxically creates problems in securing continued assistance from donor countries; Cape Verde is now regarded as a middle-income country and is therefore not included among the countries that are usually recipients of aid.

However, the country’s stable political and social situation led the United States in 2005 to support Cape Verde through the so-called Millennium Challenge Corporation with $ 110 million for water supply, infrastructure and private sector development.

The country is very sensitive to external conditions that can affect the level of contributions from donor countries and emigrants. Emigrants’ contributions account for around 16 percent of GDP. The government is investing in getting this group to invest more money in the country. In addition to tourism, the authorities are trying to find opportunities to exploit the country’s geographical strategic position between Brazil and Africa. Opportunities to offer oil-producing neighboring countries onshore and / or refining facilities have been discussed.

Foreign debt totaled nearly $ 600 million in 2007, according to the UN. An increasing budget deficit in recent years is due to drought-related problems and health and education measures.

Health and social conditions

The authorities prioritize health and poverty reduction. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) supports, among other things, poverty reduction measures and considers the cutting-edge economy as persistently sound. Seven percent of the state budget goes to health measures. The primary health service is relatively well developed, but there is a shortage of trained health professionals. Access to clean water and sanitation is still lacking.

19 percent of the state budget goes to education. There is a free school offer for everyone and the literacy rate is approaching 80 percent. Cape Verde has its own university, and is partnering with a private university in Portugal. The country can thus offer a number of education at the university and college level. The problem of the authorities is continuity in education. Today, parts of primary school education are funded through external assistance and are therefore extremely vulnerable.

Many want to emigrate to seek education and work. However, the tightening of immigration policy in the West has made this more difficult, which has led to increased population growth according to Countryaah.

Cape Verde has sharply reduced UNDP’s development index, from 102nd place in 2007, to 121st place in 2009. The change is due to other countries having greater improvements than Cape Verde last year. The country’s own development indicators are unchanged, so the change is less dramatic than it may seem at first glance.

Country facts:

Area: 4,033 km2 (50th largest)

Population: 499 000

Population density per km2: 124

Urban population: 59 percent

Largest city: Praia – 126,000

GDP per capita: USD 3439

Economic growth: 5.9 percent

HDI Position: 121

Western Sahara

Western Sahara

Negotiations between Morocco and Western Sahara, and a possible new US position vis-à-vis Western Sahara, have marked the past year. At the same time, human rights abuses against the Sahrawi population continue.

Western Sahara is divided in two. The majority is occupied by Morocco, while a minority is controlled by the Sahrawi liberation movement Polisario. The UN and the world community recognize Polisario as a legitimate representative of the Sahrawi people. Both Polisario and the administration of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic – which is a full member of the African Union (AU) – have its main base all the way west in Algeria. The majority of the estimated 165,000 refugees also live there. The population of occupied Western Sahara is difficult to get an overview of, but it is believed that there are more Moroccan settlers than indigenous Sahrawis, and there are in addition a large number of Moroccan soldiers and police forces.

Morocco’s partners

As a country in Africa listed on Abbreviation Finder, Morocco is increasingly stepping up its exploitation of natural resources in the occupied territories, in cooperation with international companies, despite the UN having stated that such activities are in breach of international law.

In 2009, the search for oil expanded beyond the coast of the territory. Once again, a Norwegian seismic company – this time the Fugro Geoteam from Skøyen – did the investigations.

Norway is also involved in fishing. The Sjøvik group from Møre og Romsdal pays Morocco’s Ministry of Fisheries to obtain fishing licenses in the occupied areas. Saharawis have demonstrated against the Norwegian commitment, which still continues. Hundreds of Moroccan settlers will be employed in the Sjøvik group’s onshore reception facility.

Also in the phosphate industry are Norwegian interests. It was revealed last year that the Government Pension Fund invests in companies that account for two-thirds of all phosphate purchases from the Bou Craa mine in Western Sahara.

Finally, it is also worth noting that until recently tomatoes grown by settlers in Western Sahara have been sold in Norwegian stores, labeled “Morocco”. When it was discovered by the news service Norwatch, Coop stopped imports into Norway.

Negotiations

Negotiations between Morocco and Polisario are organized by UN Special Envoy Christopher Ross, former US ambassador to Algeria. Following the Houston negotiations, initiated in 1997 by former Secretary of State and Special Envoy James Baker III, this is the first time the UN has pushed Polisario and Morocco into direct negotiations. Negotiations resumed in August 2009 after more than a year’s pause. Following negotiations in Vienna in August 2009, both Morocco’s foreign minister and Polisario’s secretary general welcomed new negotiations in December 2009. The AU summit on August 31 passed a resolution highlighting “the urgent need to carry out the referendum as quickly as possible.”

The problem, however, is that Morocco does not want a referendum that is really about self-determination, as understood by the International Court of Justice in The Hague in its 1975 Opinion on Western Sahara (“free and genuine expression of the will of the people of the territory”). In the statement, either full independence or various forms of integration with another state are listed as possible, in accordance with resolutions 1514 and 1541 of the UN General Assembly. The “free and genuine expression of the will of the people” can be identified through a referendum. In Resolution 45/21 of 1990, the UN General Assembly unanimously agreed that “Western Sahara is a matter of decolonization that must be completed on the basis of the Western Saharan people exercising their inalienable right to self-determination and independence.”

The principles enshrined in Security Council Resolution 1871 of April 30, 2009 are that it should be a “just, lasting and mutually acceptable political solution that ensures self-determination for Western Sahara people,” and the parties are asked to “step into a more intensive and substantial negotiation phase. ”

It is relevant here to recall that the people for whom self-determination works are all inhabiting the territory as of December 31, 1999. It includes an estimated 200,000 Moroccan settlers, according to the Peace Plan for Self-Determination for Western Sahara People, which was supported by a unanimous Security Council in Resolution 1495 of 2003.

On July 3, US President Barack Obama sent a letter to King Mohammed VI of Morocco. In the letter, Obama reiterates that a solution must come as a result of a “UN-led negotiation, which (s) is a suitable forum to reach a mutually acceptable solution.” (World Tribune July 9, 2009). Anonymous diplomatic sources were quoted as saying that a new US policy would be designed. The letter made no reference to Morocco’s proposal to integrate Western Sahara as part of the kingdom, as former President George Bush had suggested he would support.

Human rights

The human rights situation in Western Sahara remained critical in 2009. The UN Force in Western Sahara, MINURSO, is the only UN force in the world that does not have the mandate to observe and report on human rights abuses. Thus, the UN personnel, as a silent witness to all the abuses that take place in the area, stand to the great frustration of the Sahrawi. A proposal in the Security Council to include human rights as part of the MINURSO mandate was blocked by Morocco’s closest ally, France.

A 216-page Human Rights Watch report published in December 2008 described how Sahrawis working for self-determination are being violated freedom of speech, association and assembly. Showing the West Saharan flag publicly is enough to be arrested, and torture of arrested people occurs. Amnesty International writes in its 2009 review of Morocco and Western Sahara that a “culture of impunity” for abusers continues to apply.

On October 8, 2009, seven Sahrawi human rights activists were arrested when they arrived in Casablanca by plane from Algeria. According to Amnesty International, the seven could be charged with treason for their work.

On November 14, another human rights activist, Aminatou Haidar, was rejected as she arrived at El Aaiun airport, after receiving a prize for her work in the United States. Haidar was returned to Lanzarote, where she carried out a 32-day hunger strike until she succeeded in getting permission to enter Western Sahara. By then, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon and US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton had already intervened. The reason for the episode was that she had refused to cross for “Morocco” in the country heading when she first entered Western Sahara.

A dozen Sahrawi human rights activists were deprived of their passports during 2009. This included Sidi Mohammed Daddach, who received the Rafto Prize in Bergen in 2002.

Country facts:

Area: 266 000 km2 (30th largest)

Population: 497 000

Population density per km2: 1.9

Urban population: 81 percent

Largest city: El Aaiún – approx. 200 000

GDP per capita: Not stated

Economic growth: Not stated

HDI location: Not specified

Acer Smart Phones | 1976, Taiwan

Acer Smart Phones | 1976, Taiwan

Brand name: Acer

 

Logo:

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Brand Facts:

  • Acer is a Taiwanese hardware and electronic brand specializing in designing and manufacturing laptops, desktops, tablets, projectors and other accessories.
  • They follow the values of Curiosity, Progress and Human, with a goal to create better products and help people to explore their potential and the world.

 

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Laptops, desktops, tablets, monitors, projectors, accessories

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Amoi Smart Phones Profile

Amoi Smart Phones Profile

Brand Name:

Amoi

Amoi Logo:

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Brand Facts:

  • Amoi is a Chinese electronic brand specializing in designing and manufacturing mobile communication devices and accessories.
  • They follow the value of “Pioneering, innovative, faith and sharing”, striving to provide fashion mobile products with cutting edge designs for customers in the world.

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Mobile phones, LCD TVs

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EMO Oppo Smart Phones Profile

EMO Oppo Smart Phones Profile

Oppo

EMO Oppo Smart Phones Profile

Logo:

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Brand facts:

Oppo entered the mobile phone market in 2008. The Oppo Find 7 is a phablet with a total of 3GB of RAM and a 2.5 GHz Quad-Core processor.The Oppo Find 7 is also available in another variant called the Find 7a, which has a 1080p screen and 2GB of RAM compared to the Find 7, which sports higher specs.

 

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Hi-fi, home theater, Audio-Visual, Mobile Phones

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Dell Smart Phones | 1984, Texas, US

Dell Smart Phones | 1984, Texas, US

Brand name: Dell

Dell Smart Phones

Logo:

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Brand Facts:

  • Dell is a world famous electronics brand designing and manufacturing telecommunication products like computers, laptops, tablets, telephones and so on.
  • They are devoted to develop the newest and cutting-edge technology, with a goal to use technology to help people realize their dreams

 

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Laptops, desktop, tablets, alienware gaming PCs, PC& tablet accessories, electronics, workstations, servers, storage & networking, monitors, printers& electronics, software

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Gigabyte Smart Phones Profile

Gigabyte Smart Phones Profile

Brand name: Gigabyte

Gigabyte Smart Phones Profile

Logo:

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Brand Facts:

  • Gigabyte is a global famous brand designing and manufacturing computer hardware and other electronic products, especially famous for its award-winning motherboards.
  • They insist on the principle of quality priority, striving to create innovative and advanced technology products with high quality for customers in any area of the world.

 

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Motherboard, graphics card, PC components, tablet, laptop, smart phone, desktop PC, PC peripherals

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Panasonic Mobile Phones | 1918, Osaka, Japan

Panasonic Mobile Phones | 1918, Osaka, Japan

Brand name: Panasonic

Panasonic Mobile Phones 1918, Osaka, Japan

Logo:

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Brand Facts:

  • Panasonic is a world top brand providing a wide range of products including cameras, computers, mobile phones, TVs, semiconductor products and home appliances.
  • Their mission is to create more innovative and advanced products to enhance the quality of people’s lives and promote the development of our society.

 

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Digital AV, mobile phone, home communication, car AV & navigation system, home appliances & batteries, beauty & healthcare

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